Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS INC (Form: 10-K, Received: 02/26/2009 07:31:19)

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

___________________

FORM 10-K
___________________

(Mark One)
 
x       ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2008

OR

o       TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission file number 0-19034

REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

             New York             13-3444607  
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer  
incorporation or organization)   Identification No)  

777 Old Saw Mill River Road, Tarrytown, New York   10591-6707
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip code)
 
(914) 347-7000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class   Name of each exchange on which registered  
Common Stock - par value $.001 per share   Nasdaq Global Select Market  

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act: None

      Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes   þ    No  o

      Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes   o     No  þ

      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   þ    No  o

      Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  þ

      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

      Large accelerated filer  þ

Accelerated filer  o

Non-accelerated filer  o

Smaller reporting company  o

      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes   o    No  þ

      The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $1,081,564,000, computed by reference to the closing sales price of the stock on NASDAQ on June 30, 2008, the last trading day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

      The number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock as of February 13, 2009:

  Class of Common Stock   Number of Shares    
Class A Stock, $.001 par value   2,246,698  
Common Stock, $.001 par value   77,730,064  

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:

      Specified portions of the Registrant’s definitive proxy statement to be filed in connection with solicitation of proxies for its 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K. Exhibit index is located on pages 58 to 61 of this filing.



PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

      This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties relating to future events and the future financial performance of Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., and actual events or results may differ materially. These statements concern, among other things, the possible success and therapeutic applications of our product candidates and research programs, the commercial success of our marketed product, the timing and nature of the clinical and research programs now underway or planned, and the future sources and uses of capital and our financial needs. These statements are made by us based on management’s current beliefs and judgment. In evaluating such statements, stockholders and potential investors should specifically consider the various factors identified under the caption “Risk Factors” which could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements. We do not undertake any obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by law.

General

      Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. is a biopharmaceutical company that discovers, develops, and commercializes pharmaceutical products for the treatment of serious medical conditions. We currently have one marketed product: ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) Injection for Subcutaneous Use, which is now available for prescription in the United States for the treatment of Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS), including Familial Cold Auto-inflammatory Syndrome (FCAS) and Muckle-Wells Syndrome (MWS) in adults and children 12 and older. We also have six clinical development programs, including three late-stage clinical programs. Our late stage programs are aflibercept (VEGF Trap), which is being developed in oncology in collaboration with the sanofi-aventis Group, VEGF Trap-Eye, which is being developed in eye diseases using intraocular delivery in collaboration with Bayer HealthCare LLC, and ARCALYST which is being developed for the treatment of gout. Our earlier stage clinical programs are REGN88, an antibody to the interleukin-6 receptor (IL-6R), which is being developed in rheumatoid arthritis, REGN421, an antibody to Delta-like ligand-4 (Dll4), which is being developed in oncology, and REGN475, an antibody to Nerve Growth Factor (NGF), which is being developed for the treatment of pain. All three of these antibodies are being developed in collaboration with sanofi-aventis.

      We expect that our next generation of product candidates will be based on our proprietary technologies for developing human monoclonal antibodies. Our antibody program is being conducted primarily in collaboration with sanofi-aventis. Our preclinical research programs are in the areas of oncology and angiogenesis, ophthalmology, metabolic and related diseases, muscle diseases and disorders, inflammation and immune diseases, bone and cartilage, pain, and cardiovascular diseases.

      Our core business strategy is to maintain a strong foundation in basic scientific research and discovery-enabling technology and combine that foundation with our manufacturing and clinical development capabilities to build a successful, integrated biopharmaceutical company. However, developing and commercializing new medicines entails significant risk and expense.

      We believe that our ability to develop product candidates is enhanced by the application of our VelociSuite ™ technology platforms. Our discovery platforms are designed to identify specific genes of therapeutic interest for a particular disease or cell type and validate targets through high-throughput production of mammalian models. Our human monoclonal antibody technology ( VelocImmune ® ) and cell line expression technologies may then be utilized to design and produce new product candidates directed against the disease target. Our first three antibody product candidates currently in clinical trials were developed using VelocImmune . Over the course of the next several years, we plan to advance an average of two to three new antibody product candidates into clinical development each year. We continue to invest in the development of enabling technologies to assist in our efforts to identify, develop, and commercialize new product candidates.

1


Commercial Product:

ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) – Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS)

      In February 2008, we received marketing approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) Injection for Subcutaneous Use for the treatment of Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS), including Familial Cold Auto-inflammatory Syndrome (FCAS) and Muckle-Wells Syndrome (MWS) in adults and children 12 and older. We shipped $10.7 million of ARCALYST to our distributors in 2008. ARCALYST is a protein-based product designed to bind the interleukin-1 (called IL-1) cytokine and prevent its interaction with cell surface receptors. ARCALYST is the only therapy approved in the United States for patients with CAPS, a group of rare, inherited, auto-inflammatory conditions characterized by life-long, recurrent symptoms of rash, fever/chills, joint pain, eye redness/pain, and fatigue. Intermittent, disruptive exacerbations or flares can be triggered at any time by exposure to cooling temperatures, stress, exercise, or other unknown stimuli. CAPS is caused by a range of mutations in the gene NLRP3 (formerly known as CIAS1 ) which encodes a protein named cryopyrin. In addition to FCAS and MWS, CAPS includes Neonatal Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease (NOMID). ARCALYST has not been studied for the treatment of NOMID.

      In March 2008, ARCALYST became available for prescription in the United States and we transitioned the patients who participated in the CAPS pivotal study from clinical study drug to commercial supplies. In 2009, we expect to ship $20-24 million of ARCALYST to our U.S. distributors. In July 2008, we submitted a Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) to the European Medicines Agency (EMEA) for ARCALYST for the treatment of CAPS in the European Union.

Clinical Programs:

1. Aflibercept (VEGF Trap) – Oncology

      Aflibercept is a protein-based product candidate designed to bind all forms of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-A (called VEGF-A, also known as Vascular Permeability Factor or VPF) and the related Placental Growth Factor (called PlGF), and prevent their interaction with cell surface receptors. VEGF-A (and to a less validated degree, PlGF) is required for the growth of new blood vessels (a process known as angiogenesis) that are needed for tumors to grow and is a potent regulator of vascular permeability and leakage.

      Aflibercept is being developed globally in cancer indications in collaboration with sanofi-aventis. We and sanofi-aventis are enrolling patients in four Phase 3 trials that combine aflibercept with standard chemotherapy regimens for the treatment of cancer. One trial is evaluating aflibercept as a 2 nd line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer (the VELOUR study) in combination with FOLFIRI (folinic acid (leucovorin), 5-fluorouracil, and irinotecan). A second trial is evaluating aflibercept as a 1 st line treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer in combination with gemcitabine (the VANILLA study). A third trial is evaluating aflibercept as a 1 st line treatment for metastatic androgen independent prostate cancer in combination with docetaxel/prednisone (the VENICE study). The fourth trial is evaluating aflibercept as a 2 nd line treatment for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer in combination with docetaxel (the VITAL study). All four trials are studying the current standard of chemotherapy care for the cancer being studied with and without aflibercept. As of February 2009, each of the four Phase 3 trials was over one-third enrolled, and initial data from the Phase 3 program is expected in 2010. In addition, a Phase 2 study of aflibercept in 1 st -line metastatic colorectal cancer in combination with folinic acid (leucovorin), 5-fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin (the AFFIRM study) began recruiting patients in January 2009.

      Aflibercept is also being studied in a Phase 2 single-agent study in advanced ovarian cancer (AOC) patients with symptomatic malignant ascites (SMA). This trial is now fully enrolled and we expect to have initial data from this trial by mid-2009. The FDA has granted Fast Track designation to aflibercept for the treatment of SMA.

      In addition, multiple exploratory studies are being conducted in conjunction with the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) evaluating aflibercept as a single agent or in combination with chemotherapy regimens in a variety of cancer indications.

2


Aflibercept Collaboration with the sanofi-aventis Group

      In September 2003, we entered into a collaboration agreement with Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (predecessor to sanofi-aventis U.S.) to collaborate on the development and commercialization of aflibercept in all countries other than Japan, where we retained the exclusive right to develop and commercialize aflibercept. In January 2005, we and sanofi-aventis amended the collaboration agreement to exclude, from the scope of the collaboration, the development and commercialization of aflibercept for intraocular delivery to the eye. In December 2005, we and sanofi-aventis amended our collaboration agreement to expand the territory in which the companies are collaborating on the development of aflibercept to include Japan. Under the collaboration agreement, as amended, we and sanofi-aventis will share co-promotion rights and profits on sales, if any, of aflibercept outside of Japan for disease indications included in our collaboration. In Japan, we are entitled to a royalty of approximately 35% on annual sales of aflibercept, subject to certain potential adjustments. We may also receive up to $400 million in milestone payments upon receipt of specified marketing approvals, including up to $360 million in milestone payments related to receipt of marketing approvals for up to eight aflibercept oncology and other indications in the United States or the European Union and up to $40 million related to receipt of marketing approvals for up to five oncology indications in Japan.

      Under the aflibercept collaboration agreement, as amended, agreed upon worldwide development expenses incurred by both companies during the term of the agreement will be funded by sanofi-aventis. If the collaboration becomes profitable, we will be obligated to reimburse sanofi-aventis for 50% of aflibercept development expenses in accordance with a formula based on the amount of development expenses and our share of the collaboration profits and Japan royalties, or at a faster rate at our option.

2. VEGF Trap-Eye – Ophthalmologic Diseases

      VEGF Trap-Eye is a specially purified and formulated form of VEGF Trap for use in intraocular applications. We and Bayer HealthCare are testing VEGF Trap-Eye in a Phase 3 program in patients with the neovascular form of age-related macular degeneration (wet AMD). We and Bayer HealthCare also initiated a Phase 2 study of VEGF Trap-Eye in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME) in late 2008. Wet AMD and diabetic retinopathy (which includes DME) are two of the leading causes of adult blindness in the developed world. In both conditions, severe visual loss is caused by a combination of retinal edema and neovascular proliferation.

      The Phase 3 trials in wet AMD, known as VIEW 1 and VIEW 2 ( V EGF Trap: I nvestigation of E fficacy and Safety in W et age-related macular degeneration), are comparing VEGF Trap-Eye and ranibizumab (Lucentis ® , a registered trademark of Genentech, Inc.), an anti-angiogenic agent approved for use in wet AMD. VIEW 1 is being conducted in North America and VIEW 2 is being conducted in Europe, Asia Pacific, Japan, and Latin America. The VIEW 1 and VIEW 2 trials are both evaluating dosing intervals of four and eight weeks for VEGF Trap-Eye compared with ranibizumab dosed according to its U.S. label every four weeks over the first year. As needed dosing (PRN) with both agents will be evaluated in the second year of the studies. We and Bayer Healthcare expect to complete enrollment of the VIEW 1 and VIEW 2 trials in 2009 and initial data are expected in late 2010.

      In August 2008, we and Bayer HealthCare AG announced the preliminary results of a Phase 2 study in wet AMD which demonstrated that patients treated with VEGF Trap-Eye achieved durable improvements in visual acuity and retinal thickness for up to one year. In September 2008, the complete results of this study, including additional data on reductions in the size of the active choroidal neovascularization membrane (CNV), the active lesion that is the underlying cause of vision loss in patients with wet AMD, were reported at the 2008 annual meeting of the Retina Society.

      In this double-masked Phase 2 trial, patients were initially treated with either fixed monthly or quarterly dosing for 12 weeks and then continued to receive treatment for another 40 weeks on a PRN dosing schedule. Patients receiving monthly doses of VEGF Trap-Eye of either 2.0 or 0.5 milligrams (mg) for 12 weeks followed by PRN dosing achieved mean improvements in visual acuity versus baseline of 9.0 letters (p<0.0001 versus baseline) and 5.4 letters (p<0.085 versus baseline), respectively, at the end of one year. The proportion of patients with vision of 20/40 or better (part of the legal minimum requirement for an unrestricted driver’s license in the U.S.) increased from 23% at baseline to 45% at week 52 in patients initially treated with 2.0 mg monthly and from 16% at baseline to 47% at week 52 in patients initially treated with 0.5 mg monthly. Patients receiving monthly doses of VEGF Trap-Eye of either 2.0 or 0.5 mg also achieved mean decreases in retinal thickness versus baseline of 143 microns (p<0.0001 versus baseline) and 125 microns (p<0.0001 versus baseline) at week 52, respectively.

3


      During the week 12 to week 52 PRN dosing period, patients initially dosed on a 2.0 mg monthly schedule received, on average, only 1.6 additional injections and those initially dosed on a 0.5 mg monthly schedule received, on average, 2.5 additional injections.

      While PRN dosing following a fixed quarterly dosing regimen (with dosing at baseline and week 12) also yielded improvements in visual acuity and retinal thickness versus baseline at week 52, the results generally were not as robust as those obtained with initial fixed monthly dosing.

      In this Phase 2 study, treatment with VEGF Trap-Eye was also associated with a reduction in the size of the CNV lesion. Patients initially receiving either a 2.0 mg or 0.5 mg monthly fixed dose of VEGF Trap-Eye for 12 weeks followed by PRN dosing experienced statistically significant 3.41 mm 2 and 1.42 mm 2 reductions in mean CNV size at 48 weeks (the final one-year analysis endpoint from the independent reading center) versus baseline, respectively. Patients in the 2.0 mg monthly cohort also achieved a statistically significant 1.75 mm 2 reduction in total lesion size. A reduction in total lesion size was not seen in the cohort initially dosed with 0.5 mg monthly.

      In this Phase 2 study, VEGF Trap-Eye was generally well tolerated and there were no reported drug-related serious adverse events. There was one reported case of culture-negative endophthalmitis/uveitis in the study eye, which was deemed not to be drug-related. The most commonly reported adverse events were those typically associated with intravitreal injections.

      The recently initiated Phase 2 DME study, known as the DA VINCI study, is a double-masked, randomized, controlled trial that is evaluating four different VEGF Trap-Eye regimens versus laser treatment. The study will be enrolling approximately 200 patients in the U.S., Canada, European Union, and Australia. The patients in the study will be treated for 52 weeks followed by six additional months of safety evaluation. The primary efficacy endpoint is the change in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) from baseline to week 24.

Collaboration with Bayer HealthCare

      In October 2006, we entered into a collaboration agreement with Bayer HealthCare for the global development and commercialization outside the United States of VEGF Trap-Eye. Under the agreement, we and Bayer HealthCare will collaborate on, and share the costs of, the development of VEGF Trap-Eye through an integrated global plan that encompasses wet AMD, DME, and other diseases and disorders. Bayer HealthCare will market VEGF Trap-Eye outside the United States, where the companies will share equally in profits from any future sales of VEGF Trap-Eye. If VEGF Trap-Eye is granted marketing authorization in a major market country outside the United States, we will be obligated to reimburse Bayer HealthCare for 50% of the development costs that it has incurred under the agreement from our share of the collaboration profits. Within the United States, we retain exclusive commercialization rights to VEGF Trap-Eye and are entitled to all profits from any such sales. We received an up-front payment of $75.0 million from Bayer HealthCare. In 2007, we received a $20.0 million milestone payment from Bayer HealthCare following dosing of the first patient in the Phase 3 study of VEGF Trap-Eye in wet AMD, and can earn up to $90 million in additional development and regulatory milestones related to the development of VEGF Trap-Eye and marketing approvals in major market countries outside the United States. We can also earn up to $135 million in sales milestones if total annual sales of VEGF Trap-Eye outside the United States achieve certain specified levels starting at $200 million.

3. ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) – Inflammatory Diseases

      We are evaluating ARCALYST in certain diseases and disorders, in addition to CAPS, where IL-1 may play an important role. In September 2008, we announced the results of a Phase 2 study which evaluated the efficacy and safety of ARCALYST versus placebo in the prevention of gout flares induced by the initiation of urate-lowering drug therapy that is used to control gout. In this 83-patient, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, the mean number of flares per patient over the first 12 weeks of urate-lowering therapy was 0.79 with placebo and 0.15 with ARCALYST (p=0.0011), an 81% reduction. This was the primary endpoint of the study. All secondary endpoints also were met with statistical significance. In the first 12 weeks of treatment, 45.2% of patients treated with placebo experienced a gout flare and, of those, 47.4% had more than one flare. Among patients treated with ARCALYST, only 14.6% experienced a gout flare (p=0.0037 versus placebo) and none had more than one flare. Injection-site reaction was the most commonly reported adverse event with ARCALYST and no serious drug-related adverse events were reported.

4


      Gout is characterized by high blood levels of uric acid, a bodily waste product normally excreted by the kidneys. The uric acid can form crystals in the joints of the toes, ankles, knees, wrists, fingers, and elbows. Chronic treatment with uric acid-lowering medicines, such as allopurinol, is prescribed to eliminate the uric acid crystals and prevent reformation. During the first months of allopurinol therapy, while uric acid blood levels are being reduced, the break up of the uric acid crystals can result in stimulation of inflammatory mediators, including IL-1, resulting in acute flares of joint pain and inflammation. These painful flares generally persist for at least five days.

      We are in the process of initiating a Phase 3 clinical development program with ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) for the treatment of gout. Two Phase 3 clinical trials will evaluate ARCALYST versus placebo for the prevention of gout flares in patients initiating urate-lowering drug therapy. We plan to initiate a Phase 3 clinical trial of ARCALYST for acute gout that will evaluate treatment with ARCALYST alone versus ARCALYST in combination with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) versus an NSAID alone. The Phase 3 clinical development program will also include a separate safety study.

      Under a March 2003 collaboration agreement with Novartis Pharma AG, we retain the right to elect to collaborate in the future development and commercialization of a Novartis IL-1 antibody which is in clinical development. Following completion of Phase 2 development and submission to us of a written report on the Novartis IL-1 antibody, we have the right, in consideration for an opt-in payment, to elect to co-develop and co-commercialize the Novartis IL-1 antibody in North America. If we elect to exercise this right, we are responsible for paying 45% of post-election North American development costs for the antibody product. In return, we are entitled to co-promote the Novartis IL-1 antibody, and to receive 45% of net profits on sales of the antibody product, in North America. Under certain circumstances, we are also entitled to receive royalties on sales of the Novartis IL-1 antibody in Europe. Under the collaboration agreement, Novartis has the right to elect to collaborate in the development and commercialization of a second generation IL-1 Trap following completion of its Phase 2 development, should we decide to clinically develop such a second generation product candidate. Novartis does not have any rights or options with respect to ARCALYST.

4. Monoclonal Antibodies

      We and sanofi-aventis are collaborating on the discovery, development, and commercialization of fully human monoclonal antibodies generated using our VelocImmune ® technology. The first therapeutic antibodies to enter clinical development under the collaboration are REGN88, an antibody to the interleukin-6 receptor (IL-6R) that is being evaluated in rheumatoid arthritis, and REGN475, an antibody to Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) that is being developed for the treatment of pain. In addition, a Phase I trial is in the process of being initiated for REGN421, an antibody to Delta-like ligand-4 (Dll4) that is being evaluated in oncology in patients with advanced malignancies. Over the course of the next several years, we and sanofi-aventis plan to advance an average of two to three new antibodies into clinical development each year.

Research and Development Technologies:

      One way that a cell communicates with other cells is by releasing specific signaling proteins, either locally or into the bloodstream. These proteins have distinct functions, and are classified into different “families” of molecules, such as peptide hormones, growth factors, and cytokines. All of these secreted (or signaling) proteins travel to and are recognized by another set of proteins, called “receptors,” which reside on the surface of responding cells. These secreted proteins impact many critical cellular and biological processes, causing diverse effects ranging from the regulation of growth of particular cell types, to inflammation mediated by white blood cells. Secreted proteins can at times be overactive and thus result in a variety of diseases. In these disease settings, blocking the action of secreted proteins can have clinical benefit.

      Regeneron scientists have developed two different technologies to design protein therapeutics to block the action of specific secreted proteins. The first technology, termed the “Trap” technology, was used to generate our first approved product, ARCALYST, as well as aflibercept, and VEGF Trap-Eye which are in Phase 3 clinical trials. These novel “Traps” are composed of fusions between two distinct receptor components and the constant region of an antibody molecule called the “Fc region”, resulting in high affinity product candidates. VelociSuite ™ is our second technology platform and it is used for discovering, developing, and producing fully human monoclonal antibodies.

5


VelociSuite™

      VelociSuite consists of VelocImmune ® , VelociGene ® , VelociMouse ® , and VelociMab™. The VelocImmune mouse platform is utilized to produce fully human monoclonal antibodies. VelocImmune was generated by exploiting our VelociGene technology (see below), in a process in which six megabases of mouse immune gene loci were replaced, or “humanized,” with corresponding human immune gene loci. VelocImmune mice can be used to generate efficiently fully human monoclonal antibodies to targets of therapeutic interest. VelocImmune and our entire VelociSuite offer the potential to increase the speed and efficiency through which human monoclonal antibody therapeutics may be discovered and validated, thereby improving the overall efficiency of our early stage drug development activities. We are utilizing the VelocImmune technology to produce our next generation of drug candidates for preclinical and clinical development.

      Our VelociGene platform allows custom and precise manipulation of very large sequences of DNA to produce highly customized alterations of a specified target gene and accelerates the production of knock-out and transgenic expression models without using either positive/negative selection or isogenic DNA. In producing knockout models, a color or fluorescent marker is substituted in place of the actual gene sequence, allowing for high-resolution visualization of precisely where the gene is active in the body, during normal body functioning, as well as in disease processes. For the optimization of pre-clinical development and toxicology programs, VelociGene offers the opportunity to humanize targets by replacing the mouse gene with the human homolog. Thus, VelociGene allows scientists to rapidly identify the physical and biological effects of deleting or over-expressing the target gene, as well as to characterize and test potential therapeutic molecules.

      The VelociMouse technology platform allows for the direct and immediate generation of genetically altered mice from embryonic stem cells (ES cells), thereby avoiding the lengthy process involved in generating and breeding knockout mice from chimeras. Mice generated through this method are normal and healthy and exhibit a 100% germ-line transmission. Furthermore, Regeneron’s VelociMice are suitable for direct phenotyping or other studies. We have also developed our VelociMab platform for the rapid generation of expression cell lines for our Traps and our VelocImmune human monoclonal antibodies.

Antibody Collaboration with sanofi-aventis

      In November 2007, we and sanofi-aventis entered into a global, strategic collaboration to discover, develop, and commercialize fully human monoclonal antibodies. The collaboration is governed by a Discovery and Preclinical Development Agreement and a License and Collaboration Agreement. We received a non-refundable, up-front payment of $85.0 million from sanofi-aventis under the discovery agreement. In addition, sanofi-aventis is funding research at Regeneron to identify and validate potential drug discovery targets and develop fully human monoclonal antibodies against these targets. Sanofi-aventis funded approximately $75 million of research from the collaboration’s inception through December 31, 2008 and will fund up to $100 million per year in 2009 through 2012. Sanofi-aventis also has an option to extend the discovery program for up to an additional three years for further antibody development and preclinical activities. We will lead the design and conduct of research activities, including target identification and validation, antibody development, research and preclinical activities through filing of an Investigational New Drug Application, toxicology studies, and manufacture of preclinical and clinical supplies.

      For each drug candidate identified under the discovery agreement, sanofi-aventis has the option to license rights to the candidate under the license agreement. If it elects to do so, sanofi-aventis will co-develop the drug candidate with us through product approval. Development costs will be shared between the companies, with sanofi-aventis generally funding drug candidate development costs up front. We are generally responsible for reimbursing sanofi-aventis for half of the total development costs for all collaboration products from our share of profits from commercialization of collaboration products to the extent they are sufficient for this purpose. Sanofi-aventis will lead commercialization activities for products developed under the license agreement, subject to our right to co-promote such products. The parties will equally share profits and losses from sales within the United States. The parties will share profits outside the United States on a sliding scale based on sales starting at 65% (sanofi-aventis)/35% (us) and ending at 55% (sanofi-aventis)/45% (us), and will share losses outside the United States at 55% (sanofi-aventis)/45% (us). In addition to profit sharing, we are entitled to receive up to $250 million in sales milestone payments, with milestone payments commencing after aggregate annual sales outside the United States exceed $1.0 billion on a rolling 12-month basis.

6


      In August 2008, we entered into an agreement with sanofi-aventis to use our VelociGene ® platform to supply sanofi-aventis with genetically modified mammalian models of gene function and disease. Sanofi-aventis will pay us a minimum of $21.5 million for the term of the agreement, which extends through December 2012, for knock-out and transgenic models of gene function for target genes identified by sanofi-aventis. Sanofi-aventis will use these models for its internal research programs that are outside of the scope of our antibody collaboration.

License Agreement with AstraZeneca

      In February 2007, we entered into a non-exclusive license agreement with AstraZeneca UK Limited that allows AstraZeneca to utilize our VelocImmune technology in its internal research programs to discover human monoclonal antibodies. Under the terms of the agreement, AstraZeneca made two $20.0 million annual, non-refundable payments to us, one in February 2007 and the other in February 2008. AstraZeneca is required to make up to four additional annual payments of $20.0 million, subject to its ability to terminate the agreement after making the first two additional payments or earlier if the technology does not meet minimum performance criteria. We are entitled to receive a mid-single-digit royalty on any future sales of antibody products discovered by AstraZeneca using our VelocImmune technology.

License Agreement with Astellas

      In March 2007, we entered into a non-exclusive license agreement with Astellas Pharma Inc. that allows Astellas to utilize our VelocImmune technology in its internal research programs to discover human monoclonal antibodies. Under the terms of the agreement, Astellas made two $20.0 million annual, non-refundable payments to us, one in April 2007 and the other in June 2008. Astellas is required to make up to four additional annual payments of $20.0 million, subject to its ability to terminate the agreement after making the first two additional payments or earlier if the technology does not meet minimum performance criteria. We are entitled to receive a mid-single-digit royalty on any future sales of antibody products discovered by Astellas using our VelocImmune technology.

Academic VelocImmune ® Investigators Program

      In September 2008, we entered into an agreement that will provide researchers at Columbia University Medical Center with access to our VelocImmune technology platform. Under the agreement, scientists at Columbia will use VelocImmune mice to generate antibodies against their research targets and will conduct research to discover potential human therapeutics based on the antibodies. We have an exclusive option to license the antibodies for development and commercialization as therapeutic or diagnostic products and will pay Columbia a low single-digit royalty on ensuing product sales.

National Institutes of Health Grant

      In September 2006, we were awarded a five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as part of the NIH’s Knockout Mouse Project. The goal of the Knockout Mouse Project is to build a comprehensive and broadly available resource of knockout mice to accelerate the understanding of gene function and human diseases. We are using our VelociGene technology to take aim at 3,500 of the most difficult genes to target and which are not currently the focus of other large-scale knockout mouse programs. We also agreed to grant a limited license to a consortium of research institutions, the other major participants in the Knockout Mouse Project, to use components of our VelociGene technology in the Knockout Mouse Project. We are generating a collection of targeting vectors and targeted mouse ES cells which can be used to produce knockout mice. These materials are available to academic researchers without charge. We will receive a fee for each targeted ES cell line or targeting construct made by us or the research consortium and transferred to commercial entities.

      Under the NIH grant, as amended in September 2008, we are entitled to receive a minimum of $24.5 million over the five-year period beginning September 2006, including $1.5 million to optimize our existing C57BL/6 ES cell line and its proprietary growth medium, both of which are being supplied to the research consortium for its use in the Knockout Mouse Project. We have the right to use, for any purpose, all materials generated by us and the research consortium.

7


Research Programs:

Oncology and Angiogenesis

      In many clinical settings, positively or negatively regulating blood vessel growth could have important therapeutic benefits, as could the repair of damaged and leaky vessels. VEGF was the first growth factor shown to be specific for blood vessels, by virtue of having its receptor specifically expressed on blood vessel cells. In 1994, we discovered a second family of angiogenic growth factors, termed Angiopoietins, and we have received patents covering members of this family. Angiopoietins include naturally occurring positive and negative regulators of angiogenesis, as described in numerous scientific manuscripts published by our scientists and their collaborators. Angiopoietins are being evaluated in preclinical research by us and our academic collaborators. Our preclinical studies have revealed that VEGF and Angiopoietins normally function in a coordinated and collaborative manner during blood vessel growth. Manipulation of both VEGF and Angiopoietins seems to be of value in blocking vessel growth. We have research programs focusing on several targets in the areas of oncology and angiogenesis.

      Tumors depend on the growth of new blood vessels (a process called “angiogenesis”) to support their continued growth. Therapies that block tumor angiogenesis, specifically those that block VEGF, the key initiator of tumor angiogenesis, recently have been validated in human cancer patients. However, anti-VEGF approaches do not work in all patients, and many tumors can become resistant to such therapies.

      In the December 21, 2006 issue of the journal Nature , we reported data from a preclinical study demonstrating that blocking an important cell signaling molecule, known as Delta-like ligand 4 (Dll4), inhibited the growth of experimental tumors by interfering with their ability to produce a functional blood supply. The inhibition of tumor growth was seen in a variety of tumor types, including those that were resistant to blockade of VEGF, suggesting a novel anti-angiogenesis therapeutic approach. We are in the process of initiating Phase 1 clinical development of a fully human monoclonal antibody to Dll4 that was discovered using our VelocImmune ® technology.

Metabolic and Related Diseases

      Food intake and metabolism are regulated by complex interactions between diverse neural and hormonal signals that serve to maintain an optimal balance between energy intake, storage, and utilization. The hypothalamus, a small area at the base of the brain, is critically involved in integrating peripheral signals which reflect nutritional status and neural outputs which regulate appetite, food seeking behaviors, and energy expenditure. Metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, reflect a dysregulation in the systems which ordinarily tightly couple energy intake to energy expenditure. Our preclinical research program in this area encompasses the study of peripheral (hormonal) regulators of food intake and metabolism in health and disease. We have identified several targets in these therapeutic areas and are evaluating potential antibodies to evaluate in preclinical studies.

Muscle Diseases and Disorders

      Muscle atrophy occurs in many neuromuscular diseases and also when muscle is unused, as often occurs during prolonged hospital stays and during convalescence. Currently, physicians have few options to treat subjects with muscle atrophy or other muscle conditions which afflict millions of people globally. Thus, a treatment that has beneficial effects on skeletal muscle could have significant clinical benefit. Our muscle research program is currently focused on conducting in vivo and in vitro experiments with the objective of demonstrating and further understanding the molecular pathways involved in muscle atrophy and hypertrophy, and discovering therapeutic candidates that can modulate these pathways. We have several molecules in late stage research and are evaluating them for possible further development.

Other Therapeutic Areas

      We also have research programs focusing on ophthalmology, inflammatory and immune diseases, bone and cartilage, pain, and cardiovascular diseases.

8


Manufacturing

      Our manufacturing facilities are located in Rensselaer, New York and consist of three buildings totaling approximately 395,500 square feet of research, manufacturing, office, and warehouse space. At December 31, 2008, we employed 246 people at our Rensselaer facilities. There were no impairment losses associated with long-lived assets at these facilities as of December 31, 2008.

      Among the conditions for regulatory marketing approval of a medicine is the requirement that the prospective manufacturer’s quality control and manufacturing procedures conform to the good manufacturing practice (GMP) regulations of the health authority. In complying with standards set forth in these regulations, manufacturers must continue to expend time, money, and effort in the areas of production and quality control to ensure full technical compliance. Manufacturing establishments, both foreign and domestic, are also subject to inspections by or under the authority of the FDA and by other national, federal, state, and local agencies. If our manufacturing facilities fail to comply with FDA and other regulatory requirements, we will be required to suspend manufacturing. This would likely have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flow.

Competition

      We face substantial competition from pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and chemical companies (see “Risk Factors – Even if our product candidates are approved for marketing, their commercial success is highly uncertain because our competitors have received approval for products with a similar mechanism of action, and competitors may get to the marketplace with better or lower cost drugs. ”). Our competitors include Genentech, Novartis, Pfizer Inc., Bayer HealthCare, Onyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, sanofi-aventis, Merck & Co., Amgen Inc., Roche, and others. Many of our competitors have substantially greater research, preclinical, and clinical product development and manufacturing capabilities, and financial, marketing, and human resources than we do. Our smaller competitors may also be significant if they acquire or discover patentable inventions, form collaborative arrangements, or merge with large pharmaceutical companies. Even when we achieve product commercialization, one or more of our competitors may achieve product commercialization earlier than we do or obtain patent protection that dominates or adversely affects our activities. Our ability to compete will depend on how fast we can develop safe and effective product candidates, complete clinical testing and approval processes, and supply commercial quantities of the product to the market. Competition among product candidates approved for sale will also be based on efficacy, safety, reliability, availability, price, patent position, and other factors.

      ARCALYST ® (rilonacept). There are both small molecules and antibodies in development by third parties that are designed to block the synthesis of interleukin-1 or inhibit the signaling of interleukin-1. For example, Eli Lilly and Company, Novartis, and Xoma Ltd. are each developing antibodies to interleukin-1 and Amgen is developing an antibody to the interleukin-1 receptor. Novartis has filed applications in the U.S. and Europe seeking regulatory approval of its IL-1 antibody in CAPS. Novartis is also developing its IL-1 antibody in gout and other inflammatory diseases. These drug candidates could offer competitive advantages over ARCALYST. The successful development of these competing molecules could delay or impair our ability to successfully develop and commercialize ARCALYST.

      Aflibercept and VEGF Trap-Eye. Many companies are developing therapeutic molecules designed to block the actions of VEGF specifically and angiogenesis in general. A variety of approaches have been employed, including antibodies to VEGF, antibodies to the VEGF receptor, small molecule antagonists to the VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase, and other anti-angiogenesis strategies. Many of these alternative approaches may offer competitive advantages to our VEGF Trap in efficacy, side-effect profile, or method of delivery. Additionally, some of these molecules are either already approved for marketing or are at a more advanced stage of development than our product candidate.

      In particular, Genentech has an approved VEGF antagonist, Avastin ® , on the market for treating certain cancers and a number of pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies are working to develop competing VEGF antagonists, including Novartis, Pfizer, and Imclone Systems Incorporated (now a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eli Lilly). Many of these molecules are further along in development than aflibercept and may offer competitive advantages over our molecule. Pfizer and Onyx Pharmaceuticals (together with its partner Bayer) are selling and marketing oral medications that target tumor cell growth and new vasculature formation that fuels the growth of tumors.

9


      The market for eye disease products is also very competitive. Novartis and Genentech are collaborating on the commercialization and further development of a VEGF antibody fragment (Lucentis ® ) for the treatment of wet AMD, DME, and other eye indications. Lucentis was approved by the FDA in June 2006 for the treatment of wet AMD. Many other companies are working on the development of product candidates for the potential treatment of wet AMD and DME that act by blocking VEGF, VEGF receptors, and through the use of small interfering ribonucleic acids (siRNAs) that modulate gene expression. In addition, ophthalmologists are using off-label a third-party reformulated version of Genentech’s approved VEGF antagonist, Avastin ® , with success for the treatment of wet AMD. The relatively low cost of therapy with Avastin (Genentech) in patients with wet AMD presents a significant competitive challenge in this indication. The National Eye Institute initiated a Phase 3 trial to compare Lucentis to Avastin in the treatment of wet AMD. Avastin (Genentech) is also being evaluated in eye diseases in trials that have been initiated in the United Kingdom, Canada, Brazil, Mexico, Germany, Israel, and other areas.

      REGN88. We are developing REGN88 for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis as part of our global, strategic collaboration with sanofi-aventis to discover, develop, and commercialize fully human monoclonal antibodies. The availability of highly effective FDA approved TNF-antagonists such as Enbrel ® (Immunex Corporation), Remicade ® (Centocor, Inc.), and Humira ® (Abbott), and other marketed therapies makes it difficult to successfully develop and commercialize REGN88. REGN88 is a human monoclonal antibody targeting the interleukin-6 receptor. Roche is developing Actemra TM (tocilizumab) an antibody against the interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor. Roche’s antibody is approved for marketing and sale in Europe and is the subject of a filed Biologics License Application with the FDA for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Roche’s IL-6 receptor antibody, other clinical candidates in development, and the drugs on the market to treat rheumatoid arthritis could offer competitive advantages over REGN88. This could delay or impair our ability to successfully develop and commercialize REGN88.

      REGN421. We are also developing REGN421 for the treatment of various cancers as part of our antibody collaboration with sanofi-aventis. Many companies are developing therapeutic molecules designed to block angiogenesis. A variety of different approaches have been employed, including developing a number of antagonists to VEGF and Dll4 and other anti-angiogenesis strategies. Many of these alternative approaches may offer competitive advantages to REGN421 in efficacy, side-effect profile, or method of delivery. Additionally, some of these molecules are either already approved for marketing or are at a more advanced stage of development than our product candidate. In particular, OncoMed Pharmaceuticals, Inc. has a Dll4 antibody in Phase 1 clinical development.

      REGN475. We are also developing REGN475 for the treatment of pain as part of our antibody collaboration with sanofi-aventis. The availability of effective FDA approved non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including NSAIDs available over-the-counter without a prescription, and other marketed therapies, may make it difficult to successfully develop and commercialize REGN475. REGN475 is a human monoclonal antibody targeting Nerve Growth Factor (NGF). Pfizer is also developing an antibody against NGF that is in Phase 3 clinical trials for the treatment of pain due to osteoarthritis. Pfizer’s NGF antibody, other clinical candidates in development, and other drugs on the market, including over-the-counter medications, to treat pain could offer competitive advantages over REGN475, which could delay or impair our ability to successfully develop and commercialize REGN475.

      Other Areas. Many pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies are attempting to discover new therapeutics for indications in which we invest substantial time and resources. In these and related areas, intellectual property rights have been sought and certain rights have been granted to competitors and potential competitors of ours, and we may be at a substantial competitive disadvantage in such areas as a result of, among other things, our lack of experience, trained personnel, and expertise. A number of corporate and academic competitors are involved in the discovery and development of novel therapeutics that are the focus of other research or development programs we are now conducting. These competitors include Amgen and Genentech, as well as many others. Many firms and entities are engaged in research and development in the areas of cytokines, interleukins, angiogenesis, and muscle conditions. Some of these competitors are currently conducting advanced preclinical and clinical research programs in these areas. These and other competitors may have established substantial intellectual property and other competitive advantages.

      If a competitor announces a successful clinical study involving a product that may be competitive with one of our product candidates or the grant of marketing approval by a regulatory agency for a competitive product, the announcement may have an adverse effect on our operations or future prospects or on the market price of our Common Stock.

10


      We also compete with academic institutions, governmental agencies, and other public or private research organizations, which conduct research, seek patent protection, and establish collaborative arrangements for the development and marketing of products that would provide royalties or other consideration for use of their technology. These institutions are becoming more active in seeking patent protection and licensing arrangements to collect royalties or other consideration for use of the technology they have developed. Products developed in this manner may compete directly with products we develop. We also compete with others in acquiring technology from these institutions, agencies, and organizations.

Patents, Trademarks, and Trade Secrets

      Our success depends, in part, on our ability to obtain patents, maintain trade secret protection, and operate without infringing on the proprietary rights of third parties (see “Risk Factors – We may be restricted in our development and/or commercialization activities by, and could be subject to damage awards if we are found to have infringed, third party patents or other proprietary rights .”). Our policy is to file patent applications to protect technology, inventions, and improvements that we consider important to our business and operations. We are the nonexclusive licensee of a number of additional U.S. patents and patent applications. We also rely upon trade secrets, know-how, and continuing technological innovation in an effort to develop and maintain our competitive position. We or our licensors or collaborators have filed patent applications on various products and processes relating to our product candidates as well as other technologies and inventions in the United States and in certain foreign countries. We intend to file additional patent applications, when appropriate, relating to improvements in these technologies and other specific products and processes. We plan to aggressively prosecute, enforce, and defend our patents and other proprietary technology.

      Patent law relating to the patentability and scope of claims in the biotechnology field is evolving and our patent rights are subject to this additional uncertainty. Others may independently develop similar products or processes to those developed by us, duplicate any of our products or processes or, if patents are issued to us, design around any products and processes covered by our patents. We expect to continue, when appropriate, to file product and process patent applications with respect to our inventions. However, we may not file any such applications or, if filed, the patents may not be issued. Patents issued to or licensed by us may be infringed by the products or processes of others.

      Defense and enforcement of our intellectual property rights can be expensive and time consuming, even if the outcome is favorable to us. It is possible that patents issued or licensed to us will be successfully challenged, that a court may find that we are infringing validly issued patents of third parties, or that we may have to alter or discontinue the development of our products or pay licensing fees to take into account patent rights of third parties.

Government Regulation

      Regulation by government authorities in the United States and foreign countries is a significant factor in the research, development, manufacture, and marketing of ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) and our product candidates (see “Risk Factors – If we do not obtain regulatory approval for our product candidates, we will not be able to market or sell them. ) . All of our product candidates will require regulatory approval before they can be commercialized. In particular, human therapeutic products are subject to rigorous preclinical and clinical trials and other pre-market approval requirements by the FDA and foreign authorities. Many aspects of the structure and substance of the FDA and foreign pharmaceutical regulatory practices have been reformed during recent years, and continued reform is under consideration in a number of jurisdictions. The ultimate outcome and impact of such reforms and potential reforms cannot be predicted.

      The activities required before a product candidate may be marketed in the United States begin with preclinical tests. Preclinical tests include laboratory evaluations and animal studies to assess the potential safety and efficacy of the product candidate and its formulations. The results of these studies must be submitted to the FDA as part of an Investigational New Drug Application, which must be reviewed by the FDA before proposed clinical testing can begin. Typically, clinical testing involves a three-phase process. In Phase 1, trials are conducted with a small number of subjects to determine the early safety profile of the product candidate. In Phase 2, clinical trials are conducted with subjects afflicted with a specific disease or disorder to provide enough data to evaluate the preliminary safety, tolerability, and efficacy of different potential doses of the product candidate. In Phase 3, large-scale clinical trials are

11


conducted with patients afflicted with the specific disease or disorder in order to provide enough data to understand the efficacy and safety profile of the product candidate, as required by the FDA. The results of the preclinical and clinical testing of a biologic product candidate are then submitted to the FDA in the form of a Biologics License Application, or BLA, for evaluation to determine whether the product candidate may be approved for commercial sale. In responding to a BLA, the FDA may grant marketing approval, request additional information, or deny the application.

      Any approval required by the FDA for any of our product candidates may not be obtained on a timely basis, or at all. The designation of a clinical trial as being of a particular phase is not necessarily indicative that such a trial will be sufficient to satisfy the parameters of a particular phase, and a clinical trial may contain elements of more than one phase notwithstanding the designation of the trial as being of a particular phase. The results of preclinical studies or early stage clinical trials may not predict long-term safety or efficacy of our compounds when they are tested or used more broadly in humans.

      Approval of a product candidate by comparable regulatory authorities in foreign countries is generally required prior to commencement of marketing of the product in those countries. The approval procedure varies among countries and may involve additional testing, and the time required to obtain such approval may differ from that required for FDA approval.

      Various federal, state, and foreign statutes and regulations also govern or influence the research, manufacture, safety, labeling, storage, record keeping, marketing, transport, and other aspects of pharmaceutical product candidates. The lengthy process of seeking these approvals and the compliance with applicable statutes and regulations require the expenditure of substantial resources. Any failure by us or our collaborators or licensees to obtain, or any delay in obtaining, regulatory approvals could adversely affect the manufacturing or marketing of our products and our ability to receive product or royalty revenue.

      In addition to the foregoing, our present and future business will be subject to regulation under the United States Atomic Energy Act, the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, national restrictions, and other current and potential future local, state, federal, and foreign regulations.

Business Segments

      We manage our business as one segment which includes all activities related to the discovery of pharmaceutical products for the treatment of serious medical conditions and the development and commercialization of these discoveries. This segment also includes revenues and expenses related to (i) research and development activities conducted under our collaboration agreements with third parties and our grant from the NIH, (ii) ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) product sales for the treatment of CAPS, and (iii) the supply of specified, ordered research materials using Regeneron-developed proprietary technology. Prior to 2007, our operations were managed in two business segments: research and development, and contract manufacturing. In 2006, the contract manufacturing segment included all revenues and expenses related to the commercial production of a product under a contract with Merck, which expired in October 2006. For financial information about these segments, see Note 21, “Segment Information”, beginning on page F-33 in our Financial Statements.

Employees

      As of December 31, 2008, we had 919 full-time employees, of whom 185 held a Ph.D. and/or M.D., or PharmD degree. We believe that we have been successful in attracting skilled and experienced personnel in a highly competitive environment; however, competition for these personnel is intense. None of our personnel are covered by collective bargaining agreements and our management considers its relations with our employees to be good.

Available Information

      We make available free of charge on or through our Internet website http://www.regeneron.com our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and, if applicable, amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC.

12


ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

      We operate in an environment that involves a number of significant risks and uncertainties. We caution you to read the following risk factors, which have affected, and/or in the future could affect, our business, operating results, financial condition, and cash flows. The risks described below include forward-looking statements, and actual events and our actual results may differ substantially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also impair our business operations. Furthermore, additional risks and uncertainties are described under other captions in this report and should be considered by our investors.

Risks Related to Our Financial Results and Need for Additional Financing

We have had a history of operating losses and we may never achieve profitability. If we continue to incur operating losses, we may be unable to continue our operations.

      From inception on January 8, 1988 through December 31, 2008, we had a cumulative loss of $875.9 million. If we continue to incur operating losses and fail to become a profitable company, we may be unable to continue our operations. In the absence of substantial revenue from the sale of products or other sources, the amount, timing, nature or source of which cannot be predicted, our losses will continue as we conduct our research and development activities.

We may need additional funding in the future, which may not be available to us, and which may force us to delay, reduce or eliminate our product development programs or commercialization efforts.

      We will need to expend substantial resources for research and development, including costs associated with clinical testing of our product candidates. We believe our existing capital resources, including funding we are entitled to receive under our collaboration agreements, will enable us to meet operating needs through at least 2012; however, one or more of our collaboration agreements may terminate, our projected revenue may decrease, or our expenses may increase and that would lead to our capital being consumed significantly before such time. We may require additional financing in the future and we may not be able to raise such additional funds. If we are able to obtain additional financing through the sale of equity or convertible debt securities, such sales may be dilutive to our shareholders. Debt financing arrangements may require us to pledge certain assets or enter into covenants that would restrict our business activities or our ability to incur further indebtedness and may contain other terms that are not favorable to our shareholders. If we are unable to raise sufficient funds to complete the development of our product candidates, we may face delay, reduction or elimination of our research and development programs or preclinical or clinical trials, in which case our business, financial condition or results of operations may be materially harmed.

The value of our investment portfolio, which includes cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities, is influenced by varying economic and market conditions. A decrease in the value of an asset in our investment portfolio or a default by the issuer may result in our inability to recover the principal we invested and/or a recognition of a loss charged against income.

      As of December 31, 2008, cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and marketable securities totaled $527.5 million and represented 79% of our total assets. We have invested available cash balances primarily in money market funds and U.S. Treasury, U.S. government agency, corporate, and asset-backed securities. We consider assets classified as marketable securities to be “available-for-sale,” as defined by Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. (SFAS) 115, Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities . Marketable securities totaled $278.0 million at December 31, 2008, are carried at fair value, and the unrealized gains and losses are included in other accumulated comprehensive income (loss) as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. If the decline in the value of a security in our investment portfolio is deemed to be other-than-temporary, we write down the security to its current fair value and recognize a loss that is charged against income. For example, during the year ended December 31, 2008, we recorded charges for other-than-temporary impairments totaling $2.5 million related to two marketable securities in our investment portfolio. The current economic environment, the deterioration in the credit quality of some of the issuers of securities that we hold, and the recent volatility of securities markets increase the risk that we may not recover the principal we invested and/or there may be further declines in the market value of securities in our investment portfolio. As a result, we may incur additional charges against income in future periods for other-than-temporary impairments or realized losses upon a security’s sale or maturity, and such amounts may be material.

13


Risks Related to ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) and the Development of Our Product Candidates

Successful development of any of our product candidates is highly uncertain.

      Only a small minority of all research and development programs ultimately result in commercially successful drugs. Even if clinical trials demonstrate safety and effectiveness of any of our product candidates for a specific disease and the necessary regulatory approvals are obtained, the commercial success of any of our product candidates will depend upon their acceptance by patients, the medical community, and third-party payers and on our partners’ ability to successfully manufacture and commercialize our product candidates. Our product candidates are delivered either by intravenous infusion or by intravitreal or subcutaneous injections, which are generally less well received by patients than tablet or capsule delivery. If our products are not successfully commercialized, we will not be able to recover the significant investment we have made in developing such products and our business would be severely harmed.

      We are studying aflibercept, VEGF Trap-Eye, ARCALYST, and our antibody candidates in a wide variety of indications. Many of these current trials are exploratory studies designed to identify what diseases and uses, if any, are best suited for our product candidates. It is likely that our product candidates will not demonstrate the requisite efficacy and/or safety profile to support continued development for most of the indications that are being, or are planned to be, studied. In fact, our product candidates may not demonstrate the requisite efficacy and safety profile to support the continued development for any of the indications or uses.

Clinical trials required for our product candidates are expensive and time-consuming, and their outcome is highly uncertain. If any of our drug trials are delayed or yield unfavorable results, we will have to delay or may be unable to obtain regulatory approval for our product candidates.

      We must conduct extensive testing of our product candidates before we can obtain regulatory approval to market and sell them. We need to conduct both preclinical animal testing and human clinical trials. Conducting these trials is a lengthy, time-consuming, and expensive process. These tests and trials may not achieve favorable results for many reasons, including, among others, failure of the product candidate to demonstrate safety or efficacy, the development of serious or life-threatening adverse events (or side effects) caused by or connected with exposure to the product candidate, difficulty in enrolling and maintaining subjects in the clinical trial, lack of sufficient supplies of the product candidate or comparator drug, and the failure of clinical investigators, trial monitors and other consultants, or trial subjects to comply with the trial plan or protocol. A clinical trial may fail because it did not include a sufficient number of patients to detect the endpoint being measured or reach statistical significance. A clinical trial may also fail because the dose(s) of the investigational drug included in the trial were either too low or too high to determine the optimal effect of the investigational drug in the disease setting.

      We will need to reevaluate any drug candidate that does not test favorably and either conduct new trials, which are expensive and time consuming, or abandon the drug development program. Even if we obtain positive results from preclinical or clinical trials, we may not achieve the same success in future trials. Many companies in the biopharmaceutical industry, including us, have suffered significant setbacks in clinical trials, even after promising results have been obtained in earlier trials. The failure of clinical trials to demonstrate safety and effectiveness for the desired indication(s) could harm the development of our product candidate(s), and our business, financial condition, and results of operations may be materially harmed.

Serious complications or side effects have occurred, and may continue to occur, in connection with the use of our approved product and in clinical trials of some of our product candidates which could cause our regulatory approval to be revoked or otherwise negatively affected or lead to delay or discontinuation of development of our product candidates which could severely harm our business.

      During the conduct of clinical trials, patients report changes in their health, including illnesses, injuries, and discomforts, to their study doctor. Often, it is not possible to determine whether or not the drug candidate being studied caused these conditions. Various illnesses, injuries, and discomforts have been reported from time-to-time during clinical trials of our product candidates. It is possible as we test our drug candidates in larger, longer, and more extensive clinical programs, illnesses, injuries, and discomforts that were observed in earlier trials, as well as conditions that did not occur or went undetected in smaller previous trials, will be reported by patients. Many times, side effects are only detectable after investigational drugs are tested in large scale, Phase 3 clinical trials or, in some

14


cases, after they are made available to patients after approval. If additional clinical experience indicates that any of our product candidates has many side effects or causes serious or life-threatening side effects, the development of the product candidate may fail or be delayed, which would severely harm our business.

      Our aflibercept (VEGF Trap) is being studied for the potential treatment of certain types of cancer and our VEGF Trap-Eye candidate is being studied in diseases of the eye. There are many potential safety concerns associated with significant blockade of vascular endothelial growth factor, or VEGF, that may limit our ability to successfully develop aflibercept and VEGF Trap-Eye. These serious and potentially life-threatening risks, based on clinical and preclinical experience of VEGF inhibitors, include bleeding, intestinal perforation, hypertension, proteinuria, heart attack, and stroke. In addition, patients given infusions of any protein, including VEGF Trap delivered through intravenous administration, may develop severe hypersensitivity reactions or infusion reactions. Other VEGF blockers have reported side effects that became evident only after large scale trials or after marketing approval and large number of patients were treated. These and other complications or side effects could harm the development of aflibercept for the treatment of cancer or VEGF Trap-Eye for the treatment of diseases of the eye.

      We have tested ARCALYST in only a small number of patients with CAPS. As more patients begin to use our product and as we test it in new disease settings, new risks and side effects associated with ARCALYST may be discovered, and risks previously viewed as inconsequential could be determined to be significant. Like cytokine antagonists such as Kineret ® (Amgen, Inc.), Enbrel ® (Immunex Corporation), and Remicade ® (Centocor, Inc.), ARCALYST affects the immune defense system of the body by blocking some of its functions. Therefore, ARCALYST may interfere with the body’s ability to fight infections. Treatment with Kineret (Amgen), a medication that works through the inhibition of IL-1, has been associated with an increased risk of serious infections, and serious, life threatening infections have been reported in patients taking ARCALYST. These or other complications or side effects could cause regulatory authorities to revoke approvals of ARCALYST. Alternatively, we may be required to conduct additional clinical trials, make changes in the labeling of our product, or limit or abandon our efforts to develop ARCALYST in new disease settings. These side effects may also result in a reduction, or even the elimination, of sales of ARCALYST in approved indications.

ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) and our product candidates in development are recombinant proteins that could cause an immune response, resulting in the creation of harmful or neutralizing antibodies against the therapeutic protein.

      In addition to the safety, efficacy, manufacturing, and regulatory hurdles faced by our product candidates, the administration of recombinant proteins frequently causes an immune response, resulting in the creation of antibodies against the therapeutic protein. The antibodies can have no effect or can totally neutralize the effectiveness of the protein, or require that higher doses be used to obtain a therapeutic effect. In some cases, the antibody can cross react with the patient’s own proteins, resulting in an “auto-immune” type disease. Whether antibodies will be created can often not be predicted from preclinical or clinical experiments, and their detection or appearance is often delayed, so that there can be no assurance that neutralizing antibodies will not be detected at a later date, in some cases even after pivotal clinical trials have been completed. Antibodies directed against the receptor domains of rilonacept were detected in patients with CAPS after treatment with ARCALYST. Nineteen of 55 subjects (35%) who received ARCALYST for at least 6 weeks tested positive for treatment-emerging binding antibodies on at least one occasion. To date, no side effects related to antibodies were observed in these subjects and there were no observed effects on drug efficacy or drug levels. It is possible that as we continue to test aflibercept and VEGF Trap-Eye with more sensitive assays in different patient populations and larger clinical trials, we will find that subjects given aflibercept and VEGF Trap-Eye develop antibodies to these product candidates, and may also experience side effects related to the antibodies, which could adversely impact the development of such candidates.

We may be unable to formulate or manufacture our product candidates in a way that is suitable for clinical or commercial use.

      Changes in product formulations and manufacturing processes may be required as product candidates progress in clinical development and are ultimately commercialized. If we are unable to develop suitable product formulations or manufacturing processes to support large scale clinical testing of our product candidates, including aflibercept, VEGF Trap-Eye, and our antibody candidates, we may be unable to supply necessary materials for our clinical trials, which would delay the development of our product candidates. Similarly, if we are unable to supply sufficient quantities of our product or develop product formulations suitable for commercial use, we will not be able to successfully commercialize our product candidates.

15


Risks Related to Intellectual Property

If we cannot protect the confidentiality of our trade secrets or our patents are insufficient to protect our proprietary rights, our business and competitive position will be harmed.

      Our business requires using sensitive and proprietary technology and other information that we protect as trade secrets. We seek to prevent improper disclosure of these trade secrets through confidentiality agreements. If our trade secrets are improperly exposed, either by our own employees or our collaborators, it would help our competitors and adversely affect our business. We will be able to protect our proprietary rights from unauthorized use by third parties only to the extent that our rights are covered by valid and enforceable patents or are effectively maintained as trade secrets. The patent position of biotechnology companies involves complex legal and factual questions and, therefore, enforceability cannot be predicted with certainty. Our patents may be challenged, invalidated, or circumvented. Patent applications filed outside the United States may be challenged by third parties who file an opposition. Such opposition proceedings are increasingly common in the European Union and are costly to defend. We have patent applications that are being opposed and it is likely that we will need to defend additional patent applications in the future. Our patent rights may not provide us with a proprietary position or competitive advantages against competitors. Furthermore, even if the outcome is favorable to us, the enforcement of our intellectual property rights can be extremely expensive and time consuming.

We may be restricted in our development and/or commercialization activities by, and could be subject to damage awards if we are found to have infringed, third party patents or other proprietary rights.

      Our commercial success depends significantly on our ability to operate without infringing the patents and other proprietary rights of third parties. Other parties may allege that they have blocking patents to our products in clinical development, either because they claim to hold proprietary rights to the composition of a product or the way it is manufactured or used. Moreover, other parties may allege that they have blocking patents to antibody products made using our VelocImmune ® technology, either because of the way the antibodies are discovered or produced or because of a proprietary position covering an antibody or the antibody’s target.

      We are aware of patents and pending applications owned by Genentech that claim certain chimeric VEGF receptor compositions. Although we do not believe that aflibercept or VEGF Trap-Eye infringes any valid claim in these patents or patent applications, Genentech could initiate a lawsuit for patent infringement and assert that its patents are valid and cover aflibercept or VEGF Trap-Eye. Genentech may be motivated to initiate such a lawsuit at some point in an effort to impair our ability to develop and sell aflibercept or VEGF Trap-Eye, which represent potential competitive threats to Genentech’s VEGF-binding products and product candidates. An adverse determination by a court in any such potential patent litigation would likely materially harm our business by requiring us to seek a license, which may not be available, or resulting in our inability to manufacture, develop and sell aflibercept or VEGF Trap-Eye or in a damage award.

      We are aware of patents and pending applications owned by Roche that claim antibodies to the interleukin-6 receptor and methods of treating rheumatoid arthritis with such antibodies. We are developing REGN88, an antibody to the interleukin-6 receptor, for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Although we do not believe that REGN88 infringes any valid claim in these patents or patent applications, Roche could initiate a lawsuit for patent infringement and assert its patents are valid and cover REGN88.

      We are aware of a U.S. patent jointly owned by Genentech and City of Hope relating to the production of recombinant antibodies in host cells. We currently produce our antibody product candidates using recombinant antibodies from host cells and may choose to produce additional antibody product candidates in this manner.  Neither ARCALYST ® (rilonacept), aflibercept, nor VEGF Trap-Eye are recombinant antibodies.  If any of our antibody product candidates are produced in a manner subject to valid claims in the Genentech patent, then we may need to obtain a license from Genentech, should one be available.  Genentech has licensed this patent to several different companies under confidential license agreements.    If we desire a license for any of our antibody product candidates and are unable to obtain a license on commercially reasonable terms or at all, we may be restricted in our ability to use Genentech’s techniques to make recombinant antibodies in or to import them into the United States.

      Further, we are aware of a number of other third party patent applications that, if granted, with claims as currently drafted, may cover our current or planned activities. We cannot assure you that our products and/or actions in manufacturing and selling our product candidates will not infringe such patents.

      Any patent holders could sue us for damages and seek to prevent us from manufacturing, selling, or developing our drug candidates, and a court may find that we are infringing validly issued patents of third parties. In the event that the manufacture, use, or sale of any of our clinical candidates infringes on the patents or violates other proprietary rights of third parties, we may be prevented from pursuing product development, manufacturing, and commercialization of our drugs and may be required to pay costly damages. Such a result may materially harm our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Legal disputes are likely to be costly and time consuming to defend.

16


      We seek to obtain licenses to patents when, in our judgment, such licenses are needed. If any licenses are required, we may not be able to obtain such licenses on commercially reasonable terms, if at all. The failure to obtain any such license could prevent us from developing or commercializing any one or more of our product candidates, which could severely harm our business.

Regulatory and Litigation Risks

If we do not obtain regulatory approval for our product candidates, we will not be able to market or sell them.

      We cannot sell or market products without regulatory approval. Although we obtained regulatory approval for ARCALYST for the treatment of CAPS in the United States, we may be unable to obtain regulatory approval of ARCALYST in any other country or in any other indication. Regulatory agencies outside the United States may require additional information or data with respect to any future submission for ARCALYST for the treatment of CAPS.

      If we do not obtain and maintain regulatory approval for our product candidates, including ARCALYST for the treatment of diseases other than CAPS, the value of our company and our results of operations will be harmed. In the United States, we must obtain and maintain approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for each drug we intend to sell. Obtaining FDA approval is typically a lengthy and expensive process, and approval is highly uncertain. Foreign governments also regulate drugs distributed in their country and approval in any country is likely to be a lengthy and expensive process, and approval is highly uncertain. Except for the FDA approval of ARCALYST for the treatment of CAPS, none of our product candidates has ever received regulatory approval to be marketed and sold in the United States or any other country. We may never receive regulatory approval for any of our product candidates.

      Before approving a new drug or biologic product, the FDA requires that the facilities at which the product will be manufactured be in compliance with current good manufacturing practices, or cGMP requirements. Manufacturing product candidates in compliance with these regulatory requirements is complex, time-consuming, and expensive. To be successful, our products must be manufactured for development, following approval, in commercial quantities, in compliance with regulatory requirements, and at competitive costs. If we or any of our product collaborators or third-party manufacturers, product packagers, or labelers are unable to maintain regulatory compliance, the FDA can impose regulatory sanctions, including, among other things, refusal to approve a pending application for a new drug or biologic product, or revocation of a pre-existing approval. As a result, our business, financial condition, and results of operations may be materially harmed.

      In addition to the FDA and other regulatory agency regulations in the United States, we are subject to a variety of foreign regulatory requirements governing human clinical trials, manufacturing, marketing and approval of drugs, and commercial sale and distribution of drugs in foreign countries. The foreign regulatory approval process includes all of the risks associated with FDA approval as well as country specific regulations. Whether or not we obtain FDA approval for a product in the United States, we must obtain approval by the comparable regulatory authorities of foreign countries before we can commence clinical trials or marketing of ARCALYST for the treatment of CAPS or any of our product candidates in those countries.

If the testing or use of our products harms people, we could be subject to costly and damaging product liability claims.

      The testing, manufacturing, marketing, and sale of drugs for use in people expose us to product liability risk. Any informed consent or waivers obtained from people who sign up for our clinical trials may not protect us from liability or the cost of litigation. We may be subject to claims by CAPS patients who use ARCALYST that they have been injured by a side effect associated with the drug. Our product liability insurance may not cover all potential liabilities or may not completely cover any liability arising from any such litigation. Moreover, we may not have access to liability insurance or be able to maintain our insurance on acceptable terms.

If we market and sell ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) in a way that violates federal or state fraud and abuse laws, we may be subject to civil or criminal penalties.

      In addition to FDA and related regulatory requirements, we are subject to health care “fraud and abuse” laws, such as the federal False Claims Act, the anti-kickback provisions of the federal Social Security Act, and other state and federal laws and regulations. Federal and state anti-kickback laws prohibit, among other things, knowingly

17


and willfully offering, paying, soliciting or receiving remuneration to induce, or in return for, purchasing, leasing, ordering or arranging for the purchase, lease or order of any health care item or service reimbursable under Medicare, Medicaid, or other federally or state financed health care programs.

      Federal false claims laws prohibit any person from knowingly presenting, or causing to be presented, a false claim for payment to the federal government, or knowingly making, or causing to be made, a false statement to get a false claim paid. Pharmaceutical companies have been prosecuted under these laws for a variety of alleged promotional and marketing activities, such as allegedly providing free product to customers with the expectation that the customers would bill federal programs for the product; reporting to pricing services inflated average wholesale prices that were then used by federal programs to set reimbursement rates; engaging in promotion for uses that the FDA has not approved, or off-label uses, that caused claims to be submitted to Medicaid for non-covered off-label uses; and submitting inflated best price information to the Medicaid Rebate program.

      The majority of states also have statutes or regulations similar to the federal anti-kickback law and false claims laws, which apply to items and services reimbursed under Medicaid and other state programs, or, in several states, apply regardless of the payer. Sanctions under these federal and state laws may include civil monetary penalties, exclusion of a manufacturer’s products from reimbursement under government programs, criminal fines, and imprisonment.

      Even if we are not determined to have violated these laws, government investigations into these issues typically require the expenditure of significant resources and generate negative publicity, which would also harm our financial condition. Because of the breadth of these laws and the narrowness of the safe harbors, it is possible that some of our business activities could be subject to challenge under one or more of such laws.

      In recent years, several states and localities, including California, the District of Columbia, Massachusetts, Maine, Minnesota, Nevada, New Mexico, Vermont, and West Virginia, have enacted legislation requiring pharmaceutical companies to establish marketing compliance programs, and file periodic reports with the state or make periodic public disclosures on sales, marketing, pricing, clinical trials, and other activities. Similar legislation is being considered in other states. Many of these requirements are new and uncertain, and the penalties for failure to comply with these requirements are unclear. Nonetheless, if we are found not to be in full compliance with these laws, we could face enforcement action and fines and other penalties, and could receive adverse publicity.

Our operations may involve hazardous materials and are subject to environmental, health, and safety laws and regulations. We may incur substantial liability arising from our activities involving the use of hazardous materials.

      As a biopharmaceutical company with significant manufacturing operations, we are subject to extensive environmental, health, and safety laws and regulations, including those governing the use of hazardous materials. Our research and development and manufacturing activities involve the controlled use of chemicals, viruses, radioactive compounds, and other hazardous materials. The cost of compliance with environmental, health, and safety regulations is substantial. If an accident involving these materials or an environmental discharge were to occur, we could be held liable for any resulting damages, or face regulatory actions, which could exceed our resources or insurance coverage.

Changes in the securities laws and regulations have increased, and are likely to continue to increase, our costs.

      The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, which became law in July 2002, has required changes in some of our corporate governance, securities disclosure and compliance practices. In response to the requirements of that Act, the SEC and the NASDAQ Stock Market have promulgated rules and listing standards covering a variety of subjects. Compliance with these rules and listing standards has increased our legal costs, and significantly increased our accounting and auditing costs, and we expect these costs to continue. These developments may make it more difficult and more expensive for us to obtain directors’ and officers’ liability insurance. Likewise, these developments may make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified members of our board of directors, particularly independent directors, or qualified executive officers.

In future years, if we are unable to conclude that our internal control over financial reporting is effective, the market value of our Common Stock could be adversely affected.

      As directed by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the SEC adopted rules requiring public companies to include a report of management on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting in their annual reports on Form 10-K that contains an assessment by management of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial

18


reporting. In addition, the independent registered public accounting firm auditing our financial statements must attest to and report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. Our independent registered public accounting firm provided us with an unqualified report as to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2008, which report is included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008. However, we cannot assure you that management or our independent registered public accounting firm will be able to provide such an unqualified report as of future year-ends. In this event, investors could lose confidence in the reliability of our financial statements, which could result in a decrease in the market value of our Common Stock. In addition, if it is determined that deficiencies in the design or operation of internal controls exist and that they are reasonably likely to adversely affect our ability to record, process, summarize, and report financial information, we would likely incur additional costs to remediate these deficiencies and the costs of such remediation could be material.

Changes in laws and regulations affecting the healthcare industry could adversely affect our business.

      All aspects of our business, including research and development, manufacturing, marketing, pricing, sales, litigation, and intellectual property rights, are subject to extensive legislation and regulation. Changes in applicable federal and state laws and agency regulations could have a material adverse effect on our business. These include:

  • changes in the FDA and foreign regulatory processes for new therapeutics that may delay or prevent the approval of any of our current or future product candidates;
     
  • new laws, regulations, or judicial decisions related to healthcare availability or the payment for healthcare products and services, including prescription drugs, that would make it more difficult for us to market and sell products once they are approved by the FDA or foreign regulatory agencies; and
     
  • changes in FDA and foreign regulations that may require additional safety monitoring prior to or after the introduction of new products to market, which could materially increase our costs of doing business.

      The enactment in the United States of the Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 and possible legislation which could ease the entry of competing follow-on biologics into the marketplace are examples of changes and possible changes in laws that could adversely affect our business.

Risks Related to Our Reliance on Third Parties

If our antibody collaboration with sanofi-aventis is terminated, our business operations and our ability to discover, develop, manufacture, and commercialize our pipeline of product candidates in the time expected, or at all, would be materially harmed.

      We rely heavily on the funding from sanofi-aventis to support our target discovery and antibody research and development programs. Sanofi-aventis has committed to pay up to $400 million between 2009 and 2012 to fund our efforts to identify and validate drug discovery targets and pre-clinically develop fully human monoclonal antibodies against such targets. In addition, sanofi-aventis funds almost all of the development expenses incurred by both companies in connection with the clinical development of antibodies that sanofi-aventis elects to co-develop with us. We rely on sanofi-aventis to fund these activities. In addition, with respect to those antibodies that sanofi-aventis elects to co-develop with us, such as REGN88, REGN421, and REGN475, we rely on sanofi-aventis to lead much of the clinical development efforts and assist with obtaining regulatory approval, particularly outside the United States. We also rely on sanofi-aventis to lead the commercialization efforts to support all of the antibody products that are co-developed by sanofi-aventis and us. If sanofi-aventis does not elect to co-develop the antibodies that we discover or opts-out of their development, we would be required to fund and oversee on our own the clinical trials, any regulatory responsibilities, and the ensuing commercialization efforts to support our antibody products. If sanofi-aventis terminates the antibody collaboration or fails to comply with its payment obligations thereunder, our business, financial condition, and results of operations would be materially harmed. We would be required to either expend substantially more resources than we have anticipated to support our research and development efforts, which could require us to seek additional funding that might not be available on favorable terms or at all, or materially cut back on such activities. While we cannot assure you that any of the antibodies from this collaboration will ever be successfully developed and commercialized, if sanofi-aventis does not perform its obligations with respect to antibodies that it elects to co-develop, our ability to develop, manufacture, and commercialize these antibody product candidates will be significantly adversely affected.

19


If our collaboration with sanofi-aventis for aflibercept (VEGF Trap) is terminated, or sanofi-aventis materially breaches its obligations thereunder, our business operations and financial condition, and our ability to develop, manufacture, and commercialize aflibercept in the time expected, or at all, would be materially harmed.

      We rely heavily on sanofi-aventis to lead much of the development of aflibercept. Sanofi-aventis funds all of the development expenses incurred by both companies in connection with the aflibercept program. If the aflibercept program continues, we will rely on sanofi-aventis to assist with funding the aflibercept program, provide commercial manufacturing capacity, enroll and monitor clinical trials, obtain regulatory approval, particularly outside the United States, and lead the commercialization of aflibercept. While we cannot assure you that aflibercept will ever be successfully developed and commercialized, if sanofi-aventis does not perform its obligations in a timely manner, or at all, our ability to develop, manufacture, and commercialize aflibercept in cancer indications will be significantly adversely affected. Sanofi-aventis has the right to terminate its collaboration agreement with us at any time upon twelve months advance notice. If sanofi-aventis were to terminate its collaboration agreement with us, we would not have the resources or skills to replace those of our partner, which could require us to seek additional funding that might not be available on favorable terms or at all, and could cause significant delays in the development and/or manufacture of aflibercept and result in substantial additional costs to us. We have limited commercial capabilities and would have to develop or outsource these capabilities. Termination of the sanofi-aventis collaboration agreement for aflibercept would create substantial new and additional risks to the successful development and commercialization of aflibercept.

If our collaboration with Bayer HealthCare for VEGF Trap-Eye is terminated, or Bayer HealthCare materially breaches its obligations thereunder, our business operations and financial condition, and our ability to develop and commercialize VEGF Trap-Eye in the time expected, or at all, would be materially harmed.

      We rely heavily on Bayer HealthCare to assist with the development of VEGF Trap-Eye. Under our agreement with them, Bayer HealthCare is required to fund approximately half of the development expenses incurred by both companies in connection with the global VEGF Trap-Eye development program. If the VEGF Trap-Eye program continues, we will rely on Bayer HealthCare to assist with funding the VEGF Trap-Eye development program, lead the development of VEGF Trap-Eye outside the United States, obtain regulatory approval outside the United States, and provide all sales, marketing and commercial support for the product outside the United States. In particular, Bayer HealthCare has responsibility for selling VEGF Trap-Eye outside the United States using its sales force. While we cannot assure you that VEGF Trap-Eye will ever be successfully developed and commercialized, if Bayer HealthCare does not perform its obligations in a timely manner, or at all, our ability to develop, manufacture, and commercialize VEGF Trap-Eye outside the United States will be significantly adversely affected. Bayer HealthCare has the right to terminate its collaboration agreement with us at any time upon six or twelve months advance notice, depending on the circumstances giving rise to termination. If Bayer HealthCare were to terminate its collaboration agreement with us, we would not have the resources or skills to replace those of our partner, which could require us to seek additional funding that might not be available on favorable terms or at all, and could cause significant delays in the development and/or commercialization of VEGF Trap-Eye outside the United States and result in substantial additional costs to us. We have limited commercial capabilities and would have to develop or outsource these capabilities outside the United States. Termination of the Bayer HealthCare collaboration agreement would create substantial new and additional risks to the successful development and commercialization of VEGF Trap-Eye.

Our collaborators and service providers may fail to perform adequately in their efforts to support the development, manufacture, and commercialization of ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) and our drug candidates.

      We depend upon third-party collaborators, including sanofi-aventis, Bayer HealthCare, and service providers such as clinical research organizations, outside testing laboratories, clinical investigator sites, and third-party manufacturers and product packagers and labelers, to assist us in the manufacture and development of our product candidates. If any of our existing collaborators or service providers breaches or terminates its agreement with us or does not perform its development or manufacturing services under an agreement in a timely manner or at all, we could experience additional costs, delays, and difficulties in the manufacture, development, or ultimate commercialization of our product candidates.

      We rely on third party service providers to support the distribution of ARCALYST and many other related activities in connection with the commercialization of ARCALYST for the treatment of CAPS. We cannot be certain that these third parties will perform adequately. If these service providers do not perform their services adequately, our efforts to market and sell ARCALYST for the treatment of CAPS will not be successful.

20


Risks Related to the Manufacture of Our Product Candidates

We have limited manufacturing capacity, which could inhibit our ability to successfully develop or commercialize our drugs.

      Our manufacturing facility is likely to be inadequate to produce sufficient quantities of product for commercial sale. We intend to rely on our corporate collaborators, as well as contract manufacturers, to produce the large quantities of drug material needed for commercialization of our products. We rely entirely on third-party manufacturers for filling and finishing services. We will have to depend on these manufacturers to deliver material on a timely basis and to comply with regulatory requirements. If we are unable to supply sufficient material on acceptable terms, or if we should encounter delays or difficulties in our relationships with our corporate collaborators or contract manufacturers, our business, financial condition, and results of operations may be materially harmed.

      We must expand our own manufacturing capacity to support the planned growth of our clinical pipeline. Moreover, we may expand our manufacturing capacity to support commercial production of active pharmaceutical ingredients, or API, for our product candidates. This will require substantial additional expenditures, and we will need to hire and train significant numbers of employees and managerial personnel to staff our facility. Start-up costs can be large and scale-up entails significant risks related to process development and manufacturing yields. We may be unable to develop manufacturing facilities that are sufficient to produce drug material for clinical trials or commercial use. This may delay our clinical development plans and interfere with our efforts to commercialize our products. In addition, we may be unable to secure adequate filling and finishing services to support our products. As a result, our business, financial condition, and results of operations may be materially harmed.

      We may be unable to obtain key raw materials and supplies for the manufacture of ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) and our product candidates. In addition, we may face difficulties in developing or acquiring production technology and managerial personnel to manufacture sufficient quantities of our product candidates at reasonable costs and in compliance with applicable quality assurance and environmental regulations and governmental permitting requirements.

If any of our clinical programs are discontinued, we may face costs related to the unused capacity at our manufacturing facilities.

      We have large-scale manufacturing operations in Rensselaer, New York. We use our facilities to produce bulk product for clinical and preclinical candidates for ourselves and our collaborations. If our clinical candidates are discontinued, we will have to absorb one hundred percent of related overhead costs and inefficiencies.

Third-party supply failures or a business interruption at our manufacturing facility in Rensselaer, New York could adversely affect our ability to supply our products.

      We manufacture all of our bulk drug materials for ARCALYST and our product candidates at our manufacturing facility in Rensselaer, New York. We would be unable to supply our product requirements if we were to cease production due to regulatory requirements or action, business interruptions, labor shortages or disputes, contaminations, or other problems at the facility.

      Certain raw materials necessary for manufacturing and formulation of ARCALYST and our product candidates are provided by single-source unaffiliated third-party suppliers. In addition, we rely on certain third parties to perform filling, finishing, distribution, and other services related to the manufacture of our products. We would be unable to obtain these raw materials or services for an indeterminate period of time if any of these third-parties were to cease or interrupt production or otherwise fail to supply these materials, products, or services to us for any reason, including due to regulatory requirements or action, adverse financial developments at or affecting the supplier, business interruptions, or labor shortages or disputes. This, in turn, could materially and adversely affect our ability to manufacture or supply ARCALYST or our product candidates for use in clinical trials, which could materially and adversely affect our business and future prospects.

      Also, certain of the raw materials required in the manufacturing and the formulation of our clinical candidates may be derived from biological sources, including mammalian tissues, bovine serum, and human serum albumin. There are certain European regulatory restrictions on using these biological source materials. If we are required to substitute for these sources to comply with European regulatory requirements, our clinical development activities may be delayed or interrupted.

21


Risks Related to Commercialization of Products

If we are unable to establish sales, marketing, and distribution capabilities, or enter into agreements with third parties to do so, we will be unable to successfully market and sell future products.

      We are marketing and selling ARCALYST for the treatment of CAPS ourselves in the United States, primarily through third party service providers. We have no sales or distribution personnel in the United States and have only a small staff with commercial capabilities. We have no sales, marketing, commercial, or distribution capabilities outside the United States. If we are unable to obtain those capabilities, either by developing our own organizations or entering into agreements with service providers, even if our current or future product candidates receive marketing approval, we will not be able to successfully sell those products. In that event, we will not be able to generate significant revenue, even if our product candidates are approved. We cannot guarantee that we will be able to hire the qualified sales and marketing personnel we need or that we will be able to enter into marketing or distribution agreements with third-party providers on acceptable terms, if at all. Under the terms of our collaboration agreement with sanofi-aventis, we currently rely on sanofi-aventis for sales, marketing, and distribution of aflibercept in cancer indications, should it be approved in the future by regulatory authorities for marketing. We will have to rely on a third party or devote significant resources to develop our own sales, marketing, and distribution capabilities for our other product candidates, including VEGF Trap-Eye in the United States, and we may be unsuccessful in developing our own sales, marketing, and distribution organization.

There may be too few patients with CAPS to profitably commercialize ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) in this indication.

      Our only approved product is ARCALYST for the treatment of CAPS, a group of rare, inherited auto-inflammatory diseases. These rare diseases affect a very small group of people. The incidence of CAPS has been reported to be approximately 1 in 1,000,000 people in the United States. Although the incidence rate of CAPS in Europe has not been reported, it is known to be a rare set of diseases. As a result, there may be too few patients with CAPS to profitably commercialize ARCALYST in this indication.

Even if our product candidates are approved for marketing, their commercial success is highly uncertain because our competitors have received approval for products with a similar mechanism of action, and competitors may get to the marketplace with better or lower cost drugs.

      There is substantial competition in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries from pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and chemical companies. Many of our competitors have substantially greater research, preclinical and clinical product development and manufacturing capabilities, and financial, marketing, and human resources than we do. Our smaller competitors may also enhance their competitive position if they acquire or discover patentable inventions, form collaborative arrangements, or merge with large pharmaceutical companies. Even if we achieve product commercialization, our competitors have achieved, and may continue to achieve, product commercialization before our products are approved for marketing and sale.

      Genentech has an approved VEGF antagonist, Avastin ® (beracizumab), on the market for treating certain cancers and many different pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies are working to develop competing VEGF antagonists, including Novartis, OSI Pharmaceuticals, Inc., and Pfizer. Many of these molecules are farther along in development than aflibercept and may offer competitive advantages over our molecule. Each of Pfizer and Onyx Pharmaceuticals, (together with its partner Bayer HealthCare) has received approval from the FDA to market and sell an oral medication that targets tumor cell growth and new vasculature formation that fuels the growth of tumors. The marketing approvals for Genentech’s VEGF antagonist, Avastin, and their extensive, ongoing clinical development plan for Avastin in other cancer indications, make it more difficult for us to enroll patients in clinical trials to support aflibercept and to obtain regulatory approval of aflibercept in these cancer settings. This may delay or impair our ability to successfully develop and commercialize aflibercept. In addition, even if aflibercept is ever approved for sale for the treatment of certain cancers, it will be difficult for our drug to compete against Avastin (Genentech) and the FDA approved kinase inhibitors, because doctors and patients will have significant experience using these medicines. In addition, an oral medication may be considerably less expensive for patients than a biologic medication, providing a competitive advantage to companies that market such products.

22


      The market for eye disease products is also very competitive. Novartis and Genentech are collaborating on the commercialization and further development of a VEGF antibody fragment, ranibizumab (Lucentis ® ), for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration (wet AMD) and other eye indications that was approved by the FDA in June 2006. Many other companies are working on the development of product candidates for the potential treatment of wet AMD and DME that act by blocking VEGF, VEGF receptors, and through the use of small interfering ribonucleic acids (siRNAs) that modulate gene expression. In addition, ophthalmologists are using off-label a third-party reformatted version of Genentech’s approved VEGF antagonist, Avastin ® , with success for the treatment of wet AMD. The National Eye Institute is conducting a Phase 3 trial comparing Lucentis (Genentech) to Avastin (Genentech) in the treatment of wet AMD. The marketing approval of Lucentis (Genentech) and the potential off-label use of Avastin (Genentech) make it more difficult for us to enroll patients in our clinical trials and successfully develop VEGF Trap-Eye. Even if VEGF Trap-Eye is ever approved for sale for the treatment of eye diseases, it may be difficult for our drug to compete against Lucentis (Genentech), because doctors and patients will have significant experience using this medicine. Moreover, the relatively low cost of therapy with Avastin (Genentech) in patients with wet AMD presents a further competitive challenge in this indication.

      The availability of highly effective FDA approved TNF-antagonists such as Enbrel ® (Immunex), Remicade ® (Centocor), and Humira ® (Abbott Laboratories), and the IL-1 receptor antagonist Kineret ® (Amgen), and other marketed therapies makes it more difficult to successfully develop and commercialize ARCALYST. This is one of the reasons we discontinued the development of ARCALYST in adult rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, even if ARCALYST is ever approved for sale in indications where TNF-antagonists are approved, it will be difficult for our drug to compete against these FDA approved TNF-antagonists because doctors and patients will have significant experience using these effective medicines. Moreover, in such indications these approved therapeutics may offer competitive advantages over ARCALYST, such as requiring fewer injections.

      There are both small molecules and antibodies in development by other companies that are designed to block the synthesis of interleukin-1 or inhibit the signaling of interleukin-1. For example, Eli Lilly, Xoma, and Novartis are each developing antibodies to interleukin-1 and Amgen is developing an antibody to the interleukin-1 receptor. Novartis has filed applications in the U.S. and Europe seeking regulatory approval of its IL-1 antibody in CAPS. Novartis is also developing its IL-1 antibody in gout and other inflammatory diseases. Novartis has stated that its IL-1 antibody demonstrated long-lasting clinical remission in patients with CAPS and that its clinical candidate could develop into a major therapeutic advance in the treatment of CAPS. Novartis’ IL-1 antibody and these other drug candidates could offer competitive advantages over ARCALYST. The successful development of these competing molecules could impair our ability to successfully commercialize ARCALYST.

      We have plans to develop ARCALYST for the treatment of certain gout indications. Currently, inexpensive, oral therapies such as analgesics and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used as the standard of care to treat the symptoms of these gout diseases. These established, inexpensive, orally delivered drugs may make it difficult for us to successfully commercialize ARCALYST in these diseases.

The successful commercialization of ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) and our product candidates will depend on obtaining coverage and reimbursement for use of these products from third-party payers and these payers may not agree to cover or reimburse for use of our products.

      Our product candidates, if commercialized, may be significantly more expensive than traditional drug treatments. For example, we have announced plans to initiate a Phase 3 program studying the use of ARCALYST for the treatment of certain gout indications. Patients suffering from these gout indications are currently treated with inexpensive therapies, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These existing treatment options are likely to be considerably less expensive and may be preferable to a biologic medication for some patients. Our future revenues and profitability will be adversely affected if United States and foreign governmental, private third-party insurers and payers, and other third-party payers, including Medicare and Medicaid, do not agree to defray or reimburse the cost of our products to the patients. If these entities refuse to provide coverage and reimbursement with respect to our products or provide an insufficient level of coverage and reimbursement, our products may be too costly for many patients to afford them, and physicians may not prescribe them. Many third-party payers cover only selected drugs, making drugs that are not preferred by such payer more expensive for patients, and require prior authorization or failure on another type of treatment before covering a particular drug. Payers may especially impose these obstacles to coverage on higher-priced drugs, as our product candidates are likely to be.

23


      We market and sell ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) in the United States for the treatment of a group of rare genetic disorders called CAPS. There may be too few patients with CAPS to profitably commercialize ARCALYST. Physicians may not prescribe ARCALYST, and CAPS patients may not be able to afford ARCALYST, if third party payers do not agree to reimburse the cost of ARCALYST therapy and this would adversely affect our ability to commercialize ARCALYST profitably.

      In addition to potential restrictions on coverage, the amount of reimbursement for our products may also reduce our profitability. In the United States, there have been, and we expect will continue to be, actions and proposals to control and reduce healthcare costs. Government and other third-party payers are challenging the prices charged for healthcare products and increasingly limiting, and attempting to limit, both coverage and level of reimbursement for prescription drugs.

      Since ARCALYST and our product candidates in clinical development, will likely be too expensive for most patients to afford without health insurance coverage, if our products are unable to obtain adequate coverage and reimbursement by third-party payers our ability to successfully commercialize our product candidates may be adversely impacted. Any limitation on the use of our products or any decrease in the price of our products will have a material adverse effect on our ability to achieve profitability.

      In certain foreign countries, pricing, coverage, and level of reimbursement of prescription drugs are subject to governmental control, and we may be unable to negotiate coverage, pricing, and reimbursement on terms that are favorable to us. In some foreign countries, the proposed pricing for a drug must be approved before it may be lawfully marketed. The requirements governing drug pricing vary widely from country to country. For example, the European Union provides options for its member states to restrict the range of medicinal products for which their national health insurance systems provide reimbursement and to control the prices of medicinal products for human use. A member state may approve a specific price for the medicinal product or it may instead adopt a system of direct or indirect controls on the profitability of the company placing the medicinal product on the market. Our results of operations may suffer if we are unable to market our products in foreign countries or if coverage and reimbursement for our products in foreign countries is limited.

Risk Related to Employees

We are dependent on our key personnel and if we cannot recruit and retain leaders in our research, development, manufacturing, and commercial organizations, our business will be harmed.

      We are highly dependent on certain of our executive officers. If we are not able to retain any of these persons or our Chairman, our business may suffer. In particular, we depend on the services of P. Roy Vagelos, M.D., the Chairman of our board of directors, Leonard Schleifer, M.D., Ph.D., our President and Chief Executive Officer, George D. Yancopoulos, M.D., Ph.D., our Executive Vice President, Chief Scientific Officer and President, Regeneron Research Laboratories, and Neil Stahl, Ph.D., our Senior Vice President, Research and Development Sciences. There is intense competition in the biotechnology industry for qualified scientists and managerial personnel in the development, manufacture, and commercialization of drugs. We may not be able to continue to attract and retain the qualified personnel necessary for developing our business.

Our move to new facilities in mid-2009 could lead to disruptions in our business operations.

      We plan to move most of our laboratories and headquarters to new facilities in mid-2009. There is a risk that this physical move could lead to damage to equipment or other business assets or the loss of important data, or that we could encounter problems with our new facilities, which could disrupt or delay our business operations.

Risks Related to Our Common Stock

Our stock price is extremely volatile.

      There has been significant volatility in our stock price and generally in the market prices of biotechnology companies’ securities. Various factors and events may have a significant impact on the market price of our Common Stock. These factors include, by way of example:

24



  • progress, delays, or adverse results in clinical trials;
     
  • announcement of technological innovations or product candidates by us or competitors;
     
  • fluctuations in our operating results;
     
  • third party claims that our products or technologies infringe their party patents;
     
  • public concern as to the safety or effectiveness of ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) or any of our product candidates;
     
  • developments in our relationship with collaborative partners;
     
  • developments in the biotechnology industry or in government regulation of healthcare;
     
  • large sales of our common stock by our executive officers, directors, or significant shareholders;
     
  • arrivals and departures of key personnel; and
     
  • general market conditions.

      The trading price of our Common Stock has been, and could continue to be, subject to wide fluctuations in response to these and other factors, including the sale or attempted sale of a large amount of our Common Stock in the market. Broad market fluctuations may also adversely affect the market price of our Common Stock.

Future sales of our Common Stock by our significant shareholders or us may depress our stock price and impair our ability to raise funds in new share offerings.

      A small number of our shareholders beneficially own a substantial amount of our Common Stock. As of December 31, 2008, our five largest shareholders plus Leonard S. Schleifer, M.D. Ph.D., our Chief Executive Officer, beneficially owned 55.9% of our outstanding shares of Common Stock, assuming, in the case of our Chief Executive Officer, the conversion of his Class A Stock into Common Stock and the exercise of all options held by him which are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2008. As of December 31, 2008, sanofi-aventis beneficially owned 14,799,552 shares of Common Stock, representing approximately 19.1% the shares of Common Stock then outstanding. Under our investor agreement with sanofi-aventis, sanofi-aventis may not sell these shares until December 20, 2012 except under limited circumstances and subject to earlier termination of these restrictions upon the occurrence of certain events. Notwithstanding these restrictions, if sanofi-aventis, or our other significant shareholders or we, sell substantial amounts of our Common Stock in the public market, or the perception that such sales may occur exists, the market price of our Common Stock could fall. Sales of Common Stock by our significant shareholders, including sanofi-aventis, also might make it more difficult for us to raise funds by selling equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and price that we deem appropriate.

Our existing shareholders may be able to exert significant influence over matters requiring shareholder approval.

      Holders of Class A Stock, who are generally the shareholders who purchased their stock from us before our initial public offering, are entitled to ten votes per share, while holders of Common Stock are entitled to one vote per share. As of December 31, 2008, holders of Class A Stock held 22.5% of the combined voting power of all shares of Common Stock and Class A Stock then outstanding, plus any voting power associated with any shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by such Class A Stock holders. These shareholders, if acting together, would be in a position to significantly influence the election of our directors and to effect or prevent certain corporate transactions that require majority or supermajority approval of the combined classes, including mergers and other business combinations. This may result in us taking corporate actions that you may not consider to be in your best interest and may affect the price of our Common Stock. As of December 31, 2008:

  • our current executive officers and directors beneficially owned 13.3% of our outstanding shares of Common Stock, assuming conversion of their Class A Stock into Common Stock and the exercise of all options held by such persons which are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2008, and 28.0% of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of Common Stock and Class A Stock, assuming the exercise of all options held by such persons which are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2008; and

25



  • our five largest shareholders plus Leonard S. Schleifer, M.D., Ph.D., our Chief Executive Officer, beneficially owned 55.9% of our outstanding shares of Common Stock, assuming, in the case of our Chief Executive Officer, the conversion of his Class A Stock into Common Stock and the exercise of all options held by him which are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2008. In addition, these six shareholders held 59.6% of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of Common Stock and Class A Stock, assuming the exercise of all options held by our Chief Executive Officer which are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2008.

      Pursuant to an investor agreement, sanofi-aventis has agreed to vote its shares, at sanofi-aventis’ election, either as recommended by our board of directors or proportionally with the votes cast by our other shareholders, except with respect to certain change of control transactions, liquidation or dissolution, stock issuances equal to or exceeding 10% of the then outstanding shares or voting rights of Common Stock and Class A Stock, and new equity compensation plans or amendments if not materially consistent with our historical equity compensation practices.

The anti-takeover effects of provisions of our charter, by-laws, and of New York corporate law and the contractual “standstill” provisions in our investor agreement with sanofi-aventis, could deter, delay, or prevent an acquisition or other “change in control” of us and could adversely affect the price of our Common Stock.

      Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation, our by-laws and the New York Business Corporation Law contain various provisions that could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control of our company or our management that shareholders may consider favorable or beneficial. Some of these provisions could discourage proxy contests and make it more difficult for you and other shareholders to elect directors and take other corporate actions. These provisions could also limit the price that investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of our Common Stock. These provisions include:

  • authorization to issue “blank check” preferred stock, which is preferred stock that can be created and issued by the board of directors without prior shareholder approval, with rights senior to those of our common shareholders;
     
  • a staggered board of directors, so that it would take three successive annual meetings to replace all of our directors;
     
  • a requirement that removal of directors may only be effected for cause and only upon the affirmative vote of at least eighty percent (80%) of the outstanding shares entitled to vote for directors, as well as a requirement that any vacancy on the board of directors may be filled only by the remaining directors;
     
  • any action required or permitted to be taken at any meeting of shareholders may be taken without a meeting, only if, prior to such action, all of our shareholders consent, the effect of which is to require that shareholder action may only be taken at a duly convened meeting;
     
  • any shareholder seeking to bring business before an annual meeting of shareholders must provide timely notice of this intention in writing and meet various other requirements; and
     
  • under the New York Business Corporation Law, in addition to certain restrictions which may apply to “business combinations” involving the Company and an “interested shareholder”, a plan of merger or consolidation of the Company must be approved by two-thirds of the votes of all outstanding shares entitled to vote thereon. See the risk factor immediately above captioned “ Our existing shareholders may be able to exert significant influence over matters requiring shareholder approval.

      Until the later of the fifth anniversaries of the expiration or earlier termination of our antibody collaboration agreements with sanofi-aventis or our aflibercept collaboration with sanofi-aventis, sanofi-aventis will be bound by certain “standstill” provisions, which contractually prohibit sanofi-aventis from acquiring more than certain specified percentages of our Class A Stock and Common Stock (taken together) or otherwise seeking to obtain control of the Company.

      In addition, we have a Change in Control Severance Plan and our Chief Executive Officer has an employment agreement that provides severance benefits in the event our officers are terminated as a result of a change in control of the Company. Many of our stock options issued under our Amended and Restated 2000 Long-Term Incentive Plan may become fully vested in connection with a “change in control” of our company, as defined in the plan.

26


ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

      None.

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

      We conduct our research, development, manufacturing, and administrative activities at our owned and leased facilities. Under our main operating lease, as amended, we currently lease approximately 248,000 square feet of laboratory and office facilities in Tarrytown, New York.

      In December 2006, we entered into a new operating lease agreement (as amended in October 2007 and September 2008) to lease approximately 348,000 square feet of laboratory and office space at our current Tarrytown location, which includes approximately 118,000 square feet retained from our current space and approximately 230,000 square feet in new facilities that are under construction and expected to be completed in mid-2009. The term of the lease commenced effective June 2008 and will expire in June 2024. Under the new lease, we also have various options and rights on additional space at the Tarrytown site, and will continue to lease our present facilities until the new facilities are ready for occupancy. In addition, the lease contains three renewal options to extend the term of the lease by five years each and early termination options for our retained facilities only. The lease provides for monthly payments over the term of the lease related to our retained facilities, the costs of construction and tenant improvements for our new facilities, and additional charges for utilities, taxes, and operating expenses.

      In November 2007, we entered into a new operating sublease for approximately 10,000 square feet of office space in Tarrytown, New York. The lease expires in September 2009 and we have the option to extend the term for two additional terms of three months each. In April 2008, we entered into a new operating sublease for approximately 16,200 square feet of office space in Tarrytown, New York. The lease expires in March 2010 and we have the option to extend the term one additional term of six months. In October 2008, we entered into a new operating sublease for approximately 14,100 square feet of office space in Bridgewater, New Jersey. The lease commences in January 2009 and expires in July 2011.

      We own facilities in Rensselaer, New York, consisting of three buildings totaling approximately 395,500 square feet of research, manufacturing, office, and warehouse space.

      The following table summarizes the information regarding our current real property leases:

      Current Monthly  
  Square   Base Rental Renewal Option
Location           Footage           Expiration           Charges (1)           Available
Tarrytown, New York (2)   130,000 June, 2009        $ 171,300   None
Tarrytown, New York (2)   230,000 June, 2024     (3)   Three 5-year terms
Tarrytown, New York (2)   118,000   June, 2024   $ 212,200   Three 5-year terms
Tarrytown, New York (4)   10,000 September, 2009   $ 22,000   Two 3-month terms
Tarrytown, New York (4)   16,200 March, 2010   $ 32,700   One 6-month term
Bridgewater, New Jersey (5)   14,100 July, 2011   $ 21,700   None
____________________
 
(1)      

Excludes additional rental charges for utilities, taxes, and operating expenses, as defined.

 
(2)

Upon completion of the new facilities, as described above, we will retain 118,000 square feet of space in our current facility and take over 230,000 square feet in the newly constructed buildings.

 
(3)

Rental payments will commence in August 2009.

 
(4)

Relates to sublease in Tarrytown, New York as described above.

 
(5)

Relates to sublease in Bridgewater, New Jersey as described above.

      We believe that our existing owned and leased facilities are adequate for ongoing research, development, manufacturing, and administrative activities. In the future, we may lease, operate, or purchase additional facilities in which to conduct expanded research and development activities and manufacturing and commercial operations.

27


ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

      From time to time, we are a party to legal proceedings in the course of our business. We do not expect any such current legal proceedings to have a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition.

ITEM 4. SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS

      No matters were submitted to a vote of our security holders during the last quarter of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008.

28


PART II

ITEM 5.   MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS, AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

      Our Common Stock is quoted on The NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “REGN.” Our Class A Stock, par value $.001 per share, is not publicly quoted or traded.

      The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the range of high and low sales prices for the Common Stock as reported by The NASDAQ Global Select Market:

  High      Low
2007      
        First Quarter   $ 22.84 $ 17.87
        Second Quarter   28.74     17.55
        Third Quarter     21.78 13.55
        Fourth Quarter   24.90 16.77
 
2008      
        First Quarter   $ 25.25 $ 15.61
        Second Quarter   21.68 13.75
        Third Quarter   24.00 13.29
        Fourth Quarter   22.82 12.62

      As of February 13, 2009, there were 479 shareholders of record of our Common Stock and 42 shareholders of record of our Class A Stock.

      We have never paid cash dividends and do not anticipate paying any in the foreseeable future.

      The information under the heading “Equity Compensation Plan Information” in our definitive proxy statement with respect to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the SEC is incorporated by reference into Item 12 of this Report on Form 10-K.

29


STOCK PERFORMANCE GRAPH

      Set forth below is a line graph comparing the cumulative total shareholder return on Regeneron’s Common Stock with the cumulative total return of (i) The Nasdaq Pharmaceuticals Stocks Index and (ii) The Nasdaq Stock Market (U.S.) Index for the period from December 31, 2003 through December 31, 2008. The comparison assumes that $100 was invested on December 31, 2003 in our Common Stock and in each of the foregoing indices. All values assume reinvestment of the pre-tax value of dividends paid by companies included in these indices. The historical stock price performance of our Common Stock shown in the graph below is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.

        12/31/2003       12/31/2004       12/31/2005       12/31/2006       12/31/2007       12/31/2008
Regeneron        $100.00          $  62.61          $108.09          $136.44          $164.17          $124.81    
Nasdaq Pharm   100.00 106.51   117.29   114.81   120.74 112.34
Nasdaq US   100.00 108.84 111.16 122.11 132.42   63.80

30


ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

      The selected financial data set forth below for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006 and at December 31, 2008 and 2007 are derived from and should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements, including the notes thereto, included elsewhere in this report. The selected financial data for the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004 and at December 31, 2006, 2005, and 2004 are derived from our audited financial statements not included in this report.

  Year Ended December 31,
  2008    2007    2006    2005    2004
  (In thousands, except per share data)
Statement of Operations Data                
Revenues                
      Contract research and development   $ 192,208   $   96,603   $   51,136   $ 52,447   $ 113,157  
      Research progress payments               42,770  
      Contract manufacturing           12,311   13,746   18,090  
      Technology licensing   40,000     28,421            
      Net product sales   6,249              
  238,457     125,024     63,447   66,193   174,017  
Expenses                
      Research and development   278,016     201,613     137,064   155,581   136,095  
      Contract manufacturing           8,146   9,557   15,214  
      Selling, general, and administrative   49,348     37,865     25,892   25,476   17,062  
      Cost of goods sold   923                
  328,287     239,478     171,102   190,614   168,371  
Income (loss) from operations   (89,830 )     (114,454 )     (107,655 )   (124,421 )   5,646  
Other income (expense)                
      Other contract income             30,640   42,750  
      Investment income   18,161     20,897     16,548   10,381   5,478  
      Interest expense   (7,752 )     (12,043 )     (12,043 )   (12,046 )   (12,175 )  
      Loss on early extinguishment of debt   (938 )              
  9,471     8,854     4,505   28,975   36,053  
Net income (loss) before income tax expense and cumulative                
      effect of a change in accounting principle   (80,359 )     (105,600 )     (103,150 )   (95,446 )   41,699  
Income tax expense   2,351                
Net income (loss) before cumulative effect of a                
      change in accounting principle   (82,710 )     (105,600 )     (103,150 )     (95,446 )   41,699  
Cumulative effect of adopting Statement of Financial                  
      Accounting Standards No. 123R (“SFAS 123R”)           813      
Net income (loss)   $ (82,710 )   $   (105,600 )     $   (102,337 )   $ (95,446 )   $ 41,699  
Net income (loss) per share, basic:                    
      Net income (loss) before cumulative effect of                  
           a change in accounting principle   $ (1.05 )   $   (1.59 )   $   (1.78 )   $ (1.71 )   $ 0.75  
      Cumulative effect of adopting SFAS 123R           0.01      
      Net income (loss)   $ (1.05 )   $   (1.59 )   $   (1.77 )   $ (1.71 )   $ 0.75  
Net income (loss) per share, diluted   $ (1.05 )   $   (1.59 )   $   (1.77 )   $ (1.71 )   $ 0.74  

31



  At December 31,
  2008    2007    2006    2005    2004
  (In thousands)
Balance Sheet Data            
Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and marketable            
      securities (current and non-current)   $ 527,461   $ 846,279 $ 522,859   $ 316,654 $ 348,912
Total assets   670,038 936,258   585,090 423,501 473,108
Notes payable - current portion     200,000        
Notes payable - long-term portion       200,000 200,000 200,000
Stockholders’ equity   418,852 460,267 216,624 114,002 182,543

ITEM 7.   MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Overview

      We are a biopharmaceutical company that discovers, develops, and commercializes pharmaceutical products for the treatment of serious medical conditions. We currently have one marketed product: ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) Injection for Subcutaneous Use, which is now available for prescription in the United States for the treatment of Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS), including Familial Cold Auto-inflammatory Syndrome (FCAS) and Muckle-Wells Syndrome (MWS) in adults and children 12 and older. We also have six clinical development programs, including three late-stage clinical programs. Our late stage programs are aflibercept (VEGF Trap), which is being developed in oncology in collaboration with the sanofi-aventis Group, VEGF Trap-Eye, which is being developed in eye diseases using intraocular delivery in collaboration with Bayer HealthCare LLC, and ARCALYST which is being developed for the treatment of gout. Our earlier stage clinical programs are REGN88, an antibody to the interleukin-6 receptor (IL-6R), REGN421, an antibody to Delta-like ligand-4 (Dll4), which is being developed in rheumatoid arthritis, and REGN475, an antibody to Nerve Growth Factor (NGF), which is being developed for the treatment of pain. All three of these antibodies are being developed with sanofi-aventis. Our preclinical research programs are in the areas of oncology and angiogenesis, ophthalmology, metabolic and related diseases, muscle diseases and disorders, inflammation and immune diseases, bone and cartilage, pain, and cardiovascular diseases.

      Developing and commercializing new medicines entails significant risk and expense. Since inception we have not generated any significant sales or profits from the commercialization of ARCALYST or any of our other product candidates. Before significant revenues from the commercialization of ARCALYST or our other product candidates can be realized, we (or our collaborators) must overcome a number of hurdles which include successfully completing research and development and obtaining regulatory approval from the FDA and regulatory authorities in other countries. In addition, the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries are rapidly evolving and highly competitive, and new developments may render our products and technologies uncompetitive or obsolete.

      From inception on January 8, 1988 through December 31, 2008, we had a cumulative loss of $875.9 million. In the absence of significant revenues from the commercialization of ARCALYST or our other product candidates or other sources, the amount, timing, nature, and source of which cannot be predicted, our losses will continue as we conduct our research and development activities. We expect to incur substantial losses over the next several years as we continue the clinical development of VEGF Trap-Eye and ARCALYST; advance new product candidates into clinical development from our existing research programs utilizing our technologies for designing fully human monoclonal antibodies; continue our research and development programs; and commercialize additional product candidates that receive regulatory approval, if any. Also, our activities may expand over time and require additional resources, and we expect our operating losses to be substantial over at least the next several years. Our losses may fluctuate from quarter to quarter and will depend on, among other factors, the progress of our research and development efforts, the timing of certain expenses, and the amount and timing of payments that we receive from collaborators.

      As a company that does not expect to be profitable over the next several years, management of cash flow is extremely important. The most significant use of our cash is for research and development activities, which include drug discovery, preclinical studies, clinical trials, and the manufacture of drug supplies for preclinical studies and clinical trials. We are reimbursed for some of these research and development activities by our collaborators. Our principal sources of cash to-date have been from (i) sales of common equity, both in public offerings and to our

32


collaborators, including sanofi-aventis, (ii) a private placement of convertible debt, which was repaid in full during 2008, and (iii) funding from our collaborators in the form of up-front payments, research progress payments, and payments for our research and development activities.

      In 2008, our research and development expenses totaled $278.0 million. In 2009, we expect these expenses to increase substantially as we (i) continue to expand our research and preclinical and clinical development activities in connection with our antibody collaboration with sanofi-aventis, (ii) expand our VEGF Trap-Eye, ARCALYST, and aflibercept clinical programs, and (iii) increase our research and development headcount.

      A primary driver of our expenses is our number of full-time employees. Our annual average headcount in 2008 was 810 compared with 627 in 2007 and 573 in 2006. In 2008 our average headcount increased primarily to support our expanded research and development activities in connection with our antibody collaboration with sanofi-aventis. In 2007 our average headcount increased primarily to support our expanded development programs for VEGF Trap-Eye and ARCALYST and our plans to move our first antibody candidate into clinical trials. In 2009, we expect our average headcount to increase to approximately 950-1,000, primarily to support the further expansion of our research, development, and marketing activities as described above, especially in connection with our antibody collaboration with sanofi-aventis.

      The planning, execution, and results of our clinical programs are significant factors that can affect our operating and financial results. In our clinical programs, key events in 2008 and plans for 2009 are as follows:

Clinical Program   2008 Events   2009 Plans
ARCALYST ®   · Received FDA approval for CAPS   · Initiate Phase 3 development  
    (rilonacept; also   · Launched ARCALYST       program of ARCALYST in  
    known as IL-1     commercially in CAPS       the prevention of gout flares  
    Trap)   · Reported data from a Phase 2 study in     in patients initiating urate-  
    the prevention of gout flares in patients     lowering drug therapy and in  
      initiating urate-lowering drug therapy     acute gout  
Aflibercept   · Reported final data from Phase 2   · Initiate Phase 2 1st-line study in  
    (VEGF Trap –     single-agent trial in advanced ovarian     metastatic colorectal cancer in  
    Oncology)     cancer     combination with chemotherapy  
  · Reported results from four Phase 1   · Report results of Phase 2  
    dose-escalation studies in combination     single-agent study in SMA  
    with chemotherapy in solid tumors   · Continue enrollment of four  
  · Completed enrollment of Phase 2     Phase 3 studies  
    single-agent study in symptomatic      
    malignant ascites (SMA)      
VEGF Trap-Eye   · Presented positive final data through   · Complete enrollment in VIEW 1  
    (intravitreal     52 weeks from the Phase 2 trial in wet     and VIEW 2 trials  
    injection)     AMD   · Continue enrolling patients in  
  · Bayer HealthCare initiated second     the Phase 2 DME trial  
    Phase 3 trial (VIEW 2) in wet AMD      
    outside the United States      
  · Initiated a Phase 2 study in DME      
Monoclonal   · Filed IND for REGN421 (anti-Dll4)   · Initiate Phase 1 trial for  
    Antibodies   · Filed IND for REGN475 (anti-NGF)     REGN421 in oncology  
      · Initiate Phase 1 trial for  
        REGN475  
      · Report data from Phase 1  
        trial of REGN88 (anti-IL-6R) in  
        rheumatoid arthritis  
      · Advance additional antibody  
        candidate(s) into clinical  
        development  

33


Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates

      A summary of the significant accounting policies that impact us is provided in Note 2 to our Financial Statements, beginning on page F-7. The preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts and related disclosures in the financial statements. Management considers an accounting estimate to be critical if:

  • It requires an assumption (or assumptions) regarding a future outcome; and

  • Changes in the estimate or the use of different assumptions to prepare the estimate could have a material effect on our results of operations or financial condition.

      Management believes the current assumptions used to estimate amounts reflected in our financial statements are appropriate. However, if actual experience differs from the assumptions used in estimating amounts reflected in our financial statements, the resulting changes could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, and in certain situations, could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity and financial condition. The critical accounting estimates that impact our financial statements are described below.

Revenue Recognition

Contract Research and Development Revenue

      We recognize contract research and development revenue and research progress payments in accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104, Revenue Recognition (SAB 104) and Emerging Issues Task Force 00-21, Accounting for Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables (EITF 00-21). We earn contract research and development revenue and research progress payments in connection with collaboration and other agreements to develop and commercialize product candidates and utilize our technology platforms. The terms of these agreements typically include non-refundable up-front licensing payments, research progress (milestone) payments, and payments for development activities. Non-refundable up-front license payments, where continuing involvement is required of us, are deferred and recognized over the related performance period. We estimate our performance period based on the specific terms of each agreement, and adjust the performance periods, if appropriate, based on the applicable facts and circumstances. Payments which are based on achieving a specific substantive performance milestone, involving a degree of risk, are recognized as revenue when the milestone is achieved and the related payment is due and non-refundable, provided there is no future service obligation associated with that milestone. Substantive performance milestones typically consist of significant achievements in the development life-cycle of the related product candidate, such as completion of clinical trials, filing for approval with regulatory agencies, and approvals by regulatory agencies. In determining whether a payment is deemed to be a substantive performance milestone, we take into consideration (i) the nature, timing, and value of significant achievements in the development life-cycle of the related development product candidate, (ii) the relative level of effort required to achieve the milestone, and (iii) the relative level of risk in achieving the milestone, taking into account the high degree of uncertainty in successfully advancing product candidates in a drug development program and in ultimately attaining an approved drug product. Payments for achieving milestones which are not considered substantive are accounted for as license payments and recognized over the related performance period.

      We enter into collaboration agreements that include varying arrangements regarding which parties perform and bear the costs of research and development activities. We may share the costs of research and development activities with our collaborator, such as in our VEGF Trap-Eye collaboration with Bayer HealthCare, or we may be reimbursed for all or a significant portion of the costs of our research and development activities, such as in our aflibercept and antibody collaborations with sanofi-aventis. We record our internal and third-party development costs associated with these collaborations as research and development expenses. When we are entitled to reimbursement of all or a portion of the research and development expenses that we incur under a collaboration, we record those reimbursable amounts as contract research and development revenue proportionately as we recognize our expenses. If the collaboration is a cost-sharing arrangement in which both we and our collaborator perform development work and share costs, in periods when our collaborator incurs development expenses that benefit the collaboration and Regeneron, we also recognize, as additional research and development expense, the portion of the collaborator’s development expenses that we are obligated to reimburse. In addition, we record revenue in connection with a government research grant using a proportional performance model as we incur expenses related to the grant, subject to the grant’s terms and annual funding approvals.

34


      In connection with non-refundable licensing payments, our performance period estimates are principally based on projections of the scope, progress, and results of our research and development activities. Due to the variability in the scope of activities and length of time necessary to develop a drug product, changes to development plans as programs progress, and uncertainty in the ultimate requirements to obtain governmental approval for commercialization, revisions to performance period estimates are likely to occur periodically and could result in material changes to the amount of revenue recognized each year in the future. In addition, our estimated performance periods may change if development programs encounter delays or we and our collaborators decide to expand or contract our clinical plans for a drug candidate in various disease indications. For example, for the year ended December 31, 2007, we recognized $2.6 million less in contract research and development revenue, compared to amounts recognized in 2006, in connection with non-refundable up-front payments previously received from sanofi-aventis pursuant to the companies’ aflibercept collaboration, due to an extension of our estimated performance period. In addition, during the fourth quarter of 2008, we extended our estimated performance period in connection with the up-front and milestone payments previously received from Bayer HealthCare pursuant to the companies’ VEGF Trap-Eye collaboration and shortened our estimated performance period in connection with up-front payments from sanofi-aventis pursuant to the companies’ aflibercept collaboration. The net effect of these changes in our estimates resulted in the recognition of $0.4 million less in contract research and development revenue in the fourth quarter of 2008, compared to amounts recognized in connection with these deferred payments in each of the prior three quarters of 2008. Also, if a collaborator terminates an agreement in accordance with the terms of the agreement, we would recognize any unamortized remainder of an up-front or previously deferred payment at the time of the termination.

Product Revenue

      In March 2008, ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) became available for prescription in the United States for the treatment of CAPS. We recognize revenue from product sales in accordance with SAB 104. Revenue from product sales is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, title to product and associated risk of loss has passed to the customer, the price is fixed or determinable, collection from the customer is reasonably assured, and we have no further performance obligations. Revenue and deferred revenue from product sales are recorded net of applicable provisions for prompt pay discounts, product returns, estimated rebates payable under governmental programs (including Medicaid), distributor fees, and other sales-related costs. We account for these reductions in accordance with Emerging Issues Task Force Issue No. 01-9, Accounting for Consideration Given by a Vendor to a Customer (Including a Reseller of the Vendor’s Products) (EITF 01-9), and Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. (SFAS) 48, Revenue Recognition When Right of Return Exists, as applicable. In accordance with EITF 01-9 and SFAS 48, since we currently have limited historical return and rebate experience for ARCALYST, product sales revenues are deferred until (i) the right of return no longer exists or we can reasonably estimate returns and (ii) rebates have been processed or we can reasonably estimate rebates. We review our estimates of rebates payable each period and record any necessary adjustments in the current period’s net product sales.

Clinical Trial Expenses

      Clinical trial costs are a significant component of research and development expenses and include costs associated with third-party contractors. We outsource a substantial portion of our clinical trial activities, utilizing external entities such as contract research organizations, independent clinical investigators, and other third-party service providers to assist us with the execution of our clinical studies. For each clinical trial that we conduct, certain clinical trial costs are expensed immediately, while others are expensed over time based on the expected total number of patients in the trial, the rate at which patients enter the trial, and the period over which clinical investigators or contract research organizations are expected to provide services.

      Clinical activities which relate principally to clinical sites and other administrative functions to manage our clinical trials are performed primarily by contract research organizations (CROs). CROs typically perform most of the start-up activities for our trials, including document preparation, site identification, screening and preparation, pre-study visits, training, and program management. On a budgeted basis, these start-up costs are typically 10% to 20% of the total contract value. On an actual basis, this percentage range can be significantly wider, as many of our contracts with CROs are either expanded or reduced in scope compared to the original budget, while start-up costs for the particular trial may not change materially. These start-up costs usually occur within a few months after the contract has been executed and are event driven in nature. The remaining activities and related costs, such as patient

35


monitoring and administration, generally occur ratably throughout the life of the individual contract or study. In the event of early termination of a clinical trial, we accrue and recognize expenses in an amount based on our estimate of the remaining non-cancelable obligations associated with the winding down of the clinical trial and/or penalties.

      For clinical study sites, where payments are made periodically on a per-patient basis to the institutions performing the clinical study, we accrue on an estimated cost-per-patient basis an expense based on subject enrollment and activity in each quarter. The amount of clinical study expense recognized in a quarter may vary from period to period based on the duration and progress of the study, the activities to be performed by the sites each quarter, the required level of patient enrollment, the rate at which patients actually enroll in and drop-out of the clinical study, and the number of sites involved in the study. Clinical trials that bear the greatest risk of change in estimates are typically those that have a significant number of sites, require a large number of patients, have complex patient screening requirements, and span multiple years. During the course of a trial, we adjust our rate of clinical expense recognition if actual results differ from our estimates. Our estimates and assumptions for clinical expense recognition could differ significantly from our actual results, which could cause material increases or decreases in research and development expenses in future periods when the actual results become known. No material adjustments to our past clinical trial accrual estimates were made during the years ended December 31, 2008 or 2007.

Stock-based Employee Compensation

      We account for stock-based employee compensation under the provisions of SFAS 123R, Share-Based Payment . We use the Black-Scholes model to compute the estimated fair value of stock option awards. Using this model, fair value is calculated based on assumptions with respect to (i) expected volatility of our Common Stock price, (ii) the periods of time over which employees and members of our board of directors are expected to hold their options prior to exercise (expected lives), (iii) expected dividend yield on our Common Stock, and (iv) risk-free interest rates, which are based on quoted U.S. Treasury rates for securities with maturities approximating the options’ expected lives. Expected volatility has been estimated based on actual movements in our stock price over the most recent historical periods equivalent to the options’ expected lives. Expected lives are principally based on our limited historical exercise experience with previously issued employee and board of director option grants. The expected dividend yield is zero as we have never paid dividends and do not currently anticipate paying any in the foreseeable future.

      The assumptions used in computing the fair value of option awards reflect our best estimates but involve uncertainties related to market and other conditions, many of which are outside of our control. Changes in any of these assumptions may materially affect the fair value of stock options granted and the amount of stock-based compensation recognized in future periods.

      In addition, we have granted performance-based stock option awards which vest based upon the optionee satisfying certain performance and service conditions as defined in the agreements. Potential compensation cost, measured on the grant date, related to these performance options will be recognized only if, and when, these options’ performance conditions are considered to be probable of attainment.

Marketable Securities

      We consider our marketable securities, which consist primarily of U.S. government, corporate, and asset-backed securities, to be “available-for-sale,” as defined by SFAS 115, Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities . These assets are carried at fair value and the unrealized gains and losses are included in other accumulated comprehensive income (loss) as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. If the decline in the value of a marketable security in our investment portfolio is deemed to be other-than-temporary, we write down the security to its current fair value and recognize a loss that is charged against income.

      On a quarterly basis, we review our portfolio of marketable securities, using both quantitative and qualitative factors, to determine if declines in fair value below cost are other-than-temporary. Such factors include the length of time and the extent to which market value has been less than cost, financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer, recommendations of investment advisors, and forecasts of economic, market, or industry trends. This review process also includes an evaluation of our ability and intent to hold individual securities until they mature or their full value can be recovered. This review is subjective and requires a high degree of judgment.

36


      As a result of our quarterly reviews of our marketable securities portfolio, during 2008 and 2007, we recorded charges for other-than-temporary impairment of our marketable securities totaling $2.5 million and $5.9 million, respectively. However, the current economic environment, the deterioration in the credit quality of some of the issuers of securities that we hold, and the recent volatility of securities markets increase the risk that there could be further declines in the market value of marketable securities in our investment portfolio and that such declines could result in additional charges against income in future periods for other-than-temporary impairments, and such amounts could be material.

Depreciation of Property, Plant, and Equipment

      Property, plant, and equipment are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. In some situations, the life of the asset may be extended or shortened if circumstances arise that would lead us to believe that the estimated life of the asset has changed. The life of leasehold improvements may change based on the extension of lease contracts with our landlords. Changes in the estimated lives of assets will result in an increase or decrease in the amount of depreciation recognized in future periods.

Results of Operations

Years Ended December 31, 2008 and 2007

Net Loss

      Regeneron reported a net loss of $82.7 million, or $1.05 per share (basic and diluted), for the year ended December 31, 2008, compared to a net loss of $105.6 million, or $1.59 per share (basic and diluted) for 2007. The decrease in net loss was principally due to revenues earned in 2008 in connection with our November 2007 antibody collaboration with sanofi-aventis, partly offset by higher research and development expenses.

Revenues

      Revenues for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 consist of the following:

(In millions) 2008 2007
Contract research & development revenue            
      Sanofi-aventis $ 154.0 $ 51.7
      Bayer HealthCare 31.2 35.9
      Other     7.0     9.0
           Total contract research & development revenue 192.2   96.6
Technology licensing revenue 40.0 28.4
Net product sales   6.3    
           Total revenue $ 238.5 $ 125.0

37


      The contract research and development revenue we earn from sanofi-aventis, as detailed below, consists partly of reimbursement for research and development expenses and partly of the recognition of revenue related to non-refundable up-front payments of $105.0 million related to the aflibercept collaboration and $85.0 million related to the antibody collaboration.

Years ended
December 31,
Sanofi-aventis Contract Research & Development Revenue   2008       2007
(In millions)
Aflibercept:  
      Regeneron expense reimbursement   $ 35.6 $ 38.3
      Recognition of deferred revenue related to up-front payments   8.8   8.8
           Total aflibercept   44.4   47.1
Antibody:
      Regeneron expense reimbursement     97.9 3.7
      Recognition of deferred revenue related to up-front payment 10.5   0.9
      Recognition of revenue related to VelociGene ® agreement   1.2    
           Total antibody   109.6   4.6
Total sanofi-aventis contract research & development revenue $ 154.0 $ 51.7

      Sanofi-aventis’ reimbursement of Regeneron’s aflibercept expenses decreased in 2008 compared to 2007, primarily due to lower costs related to manufacturing aflibercept clinical supplies. Recognition of deferred revenue relates to sanofi-aventis’ up-front aflibercept payments. As of December 31, 2008, $52.4 million of the original $105.0 million of up-front payments related to aflibercept was deferred and will be recognized as revenue in future periods.

      In 2008, sanofi-aventis’ reimbursement of Regeneron’s antibody expenses consisted of $72.2 million under the discovery agreement and $25.7 million of development costs, related primarily to REGN88, under the license agreement, compared to $3.0 million and $0.7 million respectively, in 2007. Recognition of deferred revenue under the antibody collaboration related to sanofi-aventis’ $85.0 million up-front payment. As of December 31, 2008, $73.6 million of this up-front payment was deferred and will be recognized as revenue in future periods.

      As described above, in August 2008, we entered into a separate VelociGene agreement with sanofi-aventis. For the year ended December 31, 2008, we recognized $1.2 million in revenue related to this agreement.

      The contract research and development revenue we earn from Bayer HealthCare, as detailed below, consists partly of cost sharing of Regeneron VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses and partly of recognition of revenue related to a non-refundable $75.0 million up-front payment and $20.0 million milestone payment.

Years ended
December 31,
Bayer HealthCare Contract Research & Development Revenue   2008       2007
(In millions)
Cost-sharing of Regeneron VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses $ 18.8   $ 20.0
Recognition of deferred revenue related to up-front and milestone payments   12.4   15.9
      Total Bayer HealthCare contract research & development revenue $ 31.2 $ 35.9

      For the period from the collaboration’s inception in October 2006 through September 30, 2007, all up-front licensing, milestone, and cost-sharing payments received or receivable from Bayer HealthCare had been fully deferred and included in deferred revenue. In the fourth quarter of 2007, we and Bayer HealthCare approved a global development plan for VEGF Trap-Eye in wet AMD. The plan included estimated development steps, timelines, and costs, as well as the projected responsibilities of each of the companies. In addition, in the fourth quarter of 2007, we and Bayer HealthCare reaffirmed the companies’ commitment to a DME development program and had initial estimates of development costs for VEGF Trap-Eye in DME. As a result, effective in the fourth quarter of 2007, the Company determined the appropriate accounting policy for payments from Bayer HealthCare. The $75.0 million up-front licensing payment and the $20.0 million milestone payment (which was received in August 2007 and not considered substantive) from Bayer HealthCare are being recognized as contract research and development revenue

38


over the related estimated performance period. In periods when we recognize VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses that we incur under the collaboration, we also recognize, as contract research and development revenue, the portion of those VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses that is reimbursable from Bayer HealthCare. In periods when Bayer HealthCare incurs agreed upon VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses that benefit the collaboration and Regeneron, we also recognize, as additional research and development expense, the portion of Bayer HealthCare’s VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses that we are obligated to reimburse. In the fourth quarter of 2007, we commenced recognizing previously deferred payments from Bayer HealthCare and cost-sharing of our and Bayer HealthCare’s 2007 VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses through a cumulative catch-up.

      Cost-sharing of our VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses with Bayer HealthCare decreased in 2008 compared to 2007. Under the terms of the collaboration, in 2008, the first $70.0 million of agreed-upon VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses incurred by Regeneron and Bayer HealthCare under a global development plan were shared equally, and we were solely responsible for up to the next $30.0 million. Since both we and Bayer HealthCare incurred higher VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses in 2008 compared to 2007, during the fourth quarter of 2008, we were solely responsible for most of the collaboration’s VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses, which partly contributed to the revenue decrease in 2008 compared to 2007. In addition, the decrease was due in part to the cumulative catchup recognized in 2007 from the inception of the collaboration in October 2006, as described above. Recognition of deferred revenue related to Bayer HealthCare’s $75.0 million up-front and $20.0 million milestone payments also decreased in 2008 from 2007 as a result of the cumulative catch-up. As of December 31, 2008, $66.7 million of the up-front licensing and milestone payments was deferred and will be recognized as revenue in future periods.

      Other contract research and development revenue includes $4.9 million and $5.5 million, respectively, recognized in connection with our five-year grant from the NIH, which we were awarded in September 2006 as part of the NIH’s Knockout Mouse Project.

      In connection with our VelocImmune ® license agreements with AstraZeneca and Astellas, each of the $20.0 million annual, non-refundable payments are deferred upon receipt and recognized as revenue ratably over approximately the ensuing year of each agreement. For the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, we recognized $40.0 million and $28.4 million, respectively, of technology licensing revenue related to these agreements.

      For the year ended December 31, 2008, we recognized as revenue $6.3 million of ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) net product sales for which both the right of return no longer exists and rebates can be reasonably estimated. At December 31, 2008, deferred revenue related to ARCALYST net product sales totaled $4.0 million.

Expenses

      Total operating expenses increased to $328.3 million in 2008 from $239.5 million in 2007. Our average headcount in 2008 increased to 810 from 627 in the same period of 2007 principally as a result of our expanding research and development activities which are primarily attributable to our antibody collaboration with sanofi-aventis.

      Operating expenses in 2008 and 2007 include a total of $32.5 million and $28.1 million, respectively, of non-cash compensation expense related to employee stock option and restricted stock awards (Non-cash Compensation Expense), as detailed below:

For the year ended December 31, 2008
Expenses before
inclusion of Non-cash Non-cash
  Compensation Compensation Expenses as
Expenses         Expense       Expense         Reported
(In millions)    
Research and development   $259.0   $19.0   $278.0
Selling, general, and administrative   35.9   13.5   49.4  
Cost of goods sold   0.9       0.9  
      Total operating expenses   $295.8     $32.5   $328.3

39



For the year ended December 31, 2007
Expenses before
inclusion of Non-cash Non-cash
Compensation Compensation Expenses as
Expenses         Expense       Expense       Reported
(In millions)          
Research and development   $185.4   $16.2   $201.6
Selling, general, and administrative 26.0     11.9     37.9  
      Total operating expenses   $211.4     $28.1     $239.5

      The increase in total Non-cash Compensation Expense in 2008 was partly attributable to the higher fair market value of our Common Stock on the date of our annual employee option grants made in December 2007 in comparison to the fair market value of annual employee option grants made in recent years prior to 2006. In addition, Non-cash Compensation Expense in 2008 and 2007 included $2.2 million and $0.1 million, respectively, in connection with a December 2007 Restricted Stock award.

Research and Development Expenses

      Research and development expenses increased to $278.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2008 from $201.6 million for 2007. The following table summarizes the major categories of our research and development expenses for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007:

Year Ended December 31,
Research and Development Expenses         2008       2007       Increase
(In millions)
Payroll and benefits (1) $ 81.7 $ 60.6 $ 21.1
Clinical trial expenses 49.3 37.6 11.7
Clinical manufacturing costs (2) 53.8   47.0 6.8
Research and preclinical development costs     29.6   23.2 6.4
Occupancy and other operating costs 33.6   22.6     11.0
Cost-sharing of Bayer HealthCare VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses (3)   30.0   10.6   19.4
      Total research and development $ 278.0 $ 201.6 $ 76.4  
____________________
 
(1)       

Includes $16.7 million and $13.2 million of Non-cash Compensation Expense for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

 
(2)       

Represents the full cost of manufacturing drug for use in research, preclinical development, and clinical trials, including related payroll and benefits, Non-cash Compensation Expense, manufacturing materials and supplies, depreciation, and occupancy costs of our Rensselaer manufacturing facility. Includes $2.3 million and $3.0 million of Non-cash Compensation Expense for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

 
(3)       

Under our collaboration with Bayer HealthCare, in periods when Bayer HealthCare incurs VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses, we also recognize, as additional research and development expense, the portion of Bayer HealthCare’s VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses that we are obligated to reimburse. In the fourth quarter of 2007, we commenced recognizing cost-sharing of our and Bayer Healthcare’s VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses.

      Payroll and benefits increased principally due to the increase in employee headcount, as described above. Clinical trial expenses increased due primarily to higher costs related to our clinical development programs for (i) VEGF Trap-Eye, which includes our VIEW 1 trial in wet AMD, (ii) ARCALYST ® (rilonacept), which includes our Phase 2 gout flare prevention clinical study, and (iii) monoclonal antibodies, which includes REGN88 as well as clinical-related preparatory activities for REGN421. Clinical manufacturing costs increased due primarily to higher expenses related to VEGF Trap-Eye and monoclonal antibodies, including REGN88. These increases were partially offset by a reduction in manufacturing costs associated with ARCALYST and aflibercept. Research and preclinical development costs increased primarily due to higher costs associated with our antibody programs. Occupancy and other operating costs increased principally in connection with our higher headcount, expanded research and development activities, and new operating lease for our Tarrytown, New York facilities, which commenced in June 2008. Cost-sharing of Bayer HealthCare’s VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses increased primarily due to higher costs in connection with the VIEW 2 trial in wet AMD, which Bayer HealthCare initiated in 2008.

40


      We budget our research and development costs by expense category, rather than by project. We also prepare estimates of research and development cost for projects in clinical development, which include direct costs and allocations of certain costs such as indirect labor, Non-cash Compensation Expense, and manufacturing and other costs related to activities that benefit multiple projects, and, under our collaboration with Bayer HealthCare, the portion of Bayer HealthCare’s VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses that we are obligated to reimburse. Our estimates of research and development costs for clinical development programs are shown below:

Year ended December 31,
      Increase
Project Costs   2008         2007       (Decrease)
(In millions)  
ARCALYST ® (rilonacept)   $ 39.2   $ 38.1   $ 1.1
Aflibercept     32.1 33.7 (1.6 )
VEGF Trap-Eye 82.7 53.7 29.0  
REGN88 21.4 13.6   7.8
Other research programs & unallocated costs   102.6     62.5     40.1
      Total research and development expenses $ 278.0   $ 201.6   $ 76.4

      Drug development and approval in the United States is a multi-step process regulated by the FDA. The process begins with discovery and preclinical evaluation, leading up to the submission of an IND to the FDA which, if successful, allows the opportunity for study in humans, or clinical study, of the potential new drug. Clinical development typically involves three phases of study: Phase 1, 2, and 3. The most significant costs in clinical development are in Phase 3 clinical trials, as they tend to be the longest and largest studies in the drug development process. Following successful completion of Phase 3 clinical trials for a biological product, a biologics license application (or BLA) must be submitted to, and accepted by, the FDA, and the FDA must approve the BLA prior to commercialization of the drug. It is not uncommon for the FDA to request additional data following its review of a BLA, which can significantly increase the drug development timeline and expenses. We may elect either on our own, or at the request of the FDA, to conduct further studies that are referred to as Phase 3B and 4 studies. Phase 3B studies are initiated and either completed or substantially completed while the BLA is under FDA review. These studies are conducted under an IND. Phase 4 studies, also referred to as post-marketing studies, are studies that are initiated and conducted after the FDA has approved a product for marketing. In addition, as discovery research, preclinical development, and clinical programs progress, opportunities to expand development of drug candidates into new disease indications can emerge. We may elect to add such new disease indications to our development efforts (with the approval of our collaborator for joint development programs), thereby extending the period in which we will be developing a product. For example, we, and our collaborators, where applicable, continue to explore further development of ARCALYST , aflibercept, and VEGF Trap-Eye in different disease indications.

      There are numerous uncertainties associated with drug development, including uncertainties related to safety and efficacy data from each phase of drug development, uncertainties related to the enrollment and performance of clinical trials, changes in regulatory requirements, changes in the competitive landscape affecting a product candidate, and other risks and uncertainties described in Item 1A, “Risk Factors”, under “Risks Related to ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) and the Development of Our Product Candidates,” “Regulatory and Litigation Risks,” and “Risks Related to Commercialization of Products.” The lengthy process of seeking FDA approvals, and subsequent compliance with applicable statutes and regulations, require the expenditure of substantial resources. Any failure by us to obtain, or delay in obtaining, regulatory approvals could materially adversely affect our business.

      For these reasons and due to the variability in the costs necessary to develop a product and the uncertainties related to future indications to be studied, the estimated cost and scope of the projects and our ultimate ability to obtain governmental approval for commercialization, accurate and meaningful estimates of the total cost to bring our product candidates to market are not available. Similarly, we are currently unable to reasonably estimate if our product candidates will generate material product revenues and net cash inflows. In the first quarter of 2008, we received FDA approval for ARCALYST for the treatment of CAPS, a group of rare, inherited auto-inflammatory diseases. These rare diseases affect a very small group of people. As a result, we can not predict whether the commercialization of ARCALYST in CAPS will result in a significant net cash benefit to us.

41


Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses

      Selling, general, and administrative expenses increased to $49.4 million in 2008 from $37.9 million in the same period of 2007. In 2008, we incurred $5.2 million of selling expenses related to ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) for the treatment of CAPS. General and administrative expenses increased in 2008 due to (i) higher compensation expense primarily resulting from increases in administrative headcount to support our expanded research and development activities, (ii) higher recruitment and related costs associated with expanding our headcount, (iii) higher fees for professional services related to various general corporate matters, and (iv) higher administrative facility-related costs.

Cost of Goods Sold

      During the year ended December 31, 2008, we began recognizing revenue and cost of goods sold from net product sales of ARCALYST. We began capitalizing inventory costs associated with commercial supplies of ARCALYST subsequent to receipt of marketing approval from the FDA in February 2008. Costs for manufacturing supplies of ARCALYST prior to receipt of FDA approval were recognized as research and development expenses in the period that the costs were incurred. Therefore, these costs are not being included in cost of goods sold when revenue is recognized from the sale of those supplies of ARCALYST. Cost of goods sold for 2008 was $0.9 million and consisted primarily of royalties and other period costs related to ARCALYST commercial supplies.

Other Income and Expense

      Investment income decreased to $18.2 million in 2008 from $20.9 million in the 2007, due primarily to lower yields on our cash and marketable securities. In addition, in 2008 and 2007, deterioration in the credit quality of specific marketable securities in our investment portfolio subjected us to the risk of not being able to recover these securities’ carrying values. As a result, in 2008 and 2007, we recognized charges of $2.5 million and $5.9 million related to securities from three issuers and two issuers, respectively, which we considered to be other than temporarily impaired. In 2008, these charges were partially offset by realized gains of $1.2 million on sales of marketable securities during the year.

      Interest expense of $7.8 million and $12.0 million for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively, was attributable to our 5.5% Convertible Senior Subordinated Notes due October 17, 2008. During the second and third quarters of 2008, we repurchased a total of $82.5 million in principal amount of these convertible notes for $83.3 million. In connection with these repurchases, we recognized a $0.9 million loss on early extinguishment of debt, representing the premium paid on the notes plus related unamortized debt issuance costs. The remaining $117.5 million of convertible notes were repaid in full upon their maturity in October 2008.

Income Tax Expense

      In the third quarter of 2008, we implemented a tax planning strategy which resulted in the utilization of certain net operating loss carry-forwards, that would otherwise have expired over the next several years, to offset income for tax purposes. As a result, we incurred and paid income tax expense of $3.1 million, which relates to U.S. federal and New York State alternative minimum tax and included $0.2 million of interest and penalties. This expense was partly offset by a $0.7 million income tax benefit, resulting from a provision in the Housing Assistance Tax Act of 2008 that allowed us to claim a refund for a portion of our unused pre-2006 research tax credits.

Years Ended December 31, 2007 and 2006

Net Loss

      Regeneron reported a net loss of $105.6 million, or $1.59 per share (basic and diluted), for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to a net loss of $102.3 million, or $1.77 per share (basic and diluted), for 2006.

42


Revenues

      Revenues for the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006 consist of the following:

(In millions) 2007 2006
Contract research & development revenue            
      Sanofi-aventis $ 51.7 $ 47.8
      Bayer HealthCare 35.9
      Other   9.0   3.3
           Total contract research & development revenue 96.6 51.1
Contract manufacturing revenue     12.3
Technology licensing revenue   28.4    
           Total revenue   $ 125.0 $ 63.4

      We earn contract research and development revenue from sanofi-aventis which, as detailed below, consists partly of reimbursement for research and development expenses and partly of the recognition of revenue related to non-refundable up-front payments of $105.0 million related to the aflibercept collaboration and $85.0 million related to the antibody collaboration.

Years ended
December 31,
Sanofi-aventis Contract Research & Development Revenue         2007       2006
(In millions)
Aflibercept:  
      Regeneron expense reimbursement $ 38.3 $ 36.4
      Recognition of deferred revenue related to up-front payments   8.8     11.4
           Total aflibercept   47.1   47.8
Antibody:    
      Regeneron expense reimbursement 3.7
      Recognition of deferred revenue related to up-front payment   0.9
           Total antibody   4.6    
Total sanofi-aventis contract research & development revenue $ 51.7 $ 47.8

      Sanofi aventis’ reimbursement of Regeneron’s aflibercept expenses increased in 2007 compared to 2006, primarily due to higher preclinical and clinical development costs. Recognition of deferred revenue related to sanofi-aventis’ up-front aflibercept payments decreased in 2007 from 2006 due to an extension of the estimated performance period over which this deferred revenue is being recognized. As of December 31, 2007, $61.2 million of the original $105.0 million of up-front payments related to aflibercept was deferred and will be recognized as revenue in future periods.

      In 2007, sanofi-aventis’ reimbursement of Regeneron’s antibody expenses consisted of $3.0 million under the collaboration’s discovery agreement and $0.7 million of REGN88 development costs under the license agreement. Recognition of deferred revenue under the antibody collaboration related to sanofi-aventis’ $85.0 million up-front payment. As of December 31, 2007, $84.1 million of this up-front payment was deferred and will be recognized as revenue in future periods.

      As described above, in the fourth quarter of 2007, we commenced recognizing previously deferred payments from Bayer HealthCare and cost-sharing of our and Bayer HealthCare’s 2007 VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses through a cumulative catch-up. As a result, in the fourth quarter of 2007, we recognized contract research and development revenue of $35.9 million, consisting of (i) $15.9 million related to the $75.0 million up-front licensing payment and the $20.0 million milestone payment, and (ii) $20.0 million related to the portion of our 2007 VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses that is reimbursable from Bayer HealthCare. As of December 31, 2007, $79.1 million of the up-front licensing and milestone payments was deferred and will be recognized as revenue in future periods.

43


      Other contract research and development revenue includes $5.5 million and $0.5 million in 2007 and 2006, respectively, recognized in connection with our five-year grant from the NIH, which we were awarded in September 2006 as part of the NIH’s Knockout Mouse Project.

      Contract manufacturing revenue in 2006 related to our long-term agreement with Merck & Co., Inc., which expired in October 2006, to manufacture a vaccine intermediate at our Rensselaer, New York facility. Revenue and the related manufacturing expense were recognized as product was shipped, after acceptance by Merck. Included in contract manufacturing revenue in 2006 was $1.2 million of deferred revenue associated with capital improvement reimbursements paid by Merck prior to commencement of production. We do not expect to receive any further contract manufacturing revenue from Merck.

      In connection with our license agreement with AstraZeneca, as described above, the $20.0 million non-refundable, up-front payment, which we received in February 2007, was deferred and recognized as revenue ratably over the twelve month period beginning in February 2007. In connection with our license agreement with Astellas, as described above, the $20.0 million non-refundable, up-front payment, which we received in April 2007, was deferred and recognized as revenue ratably over the twelve month period beginning in June 2007. For the year ended December 31, 2007, we recognized $28.4 million of technology licensing revenue related to these agreements.

Expenses

      Total operating expenses increased to $239.5 million in 2007 from $171.1 million in 2006. Our average employee headcount in 2007 increased to 627 from 573 in 2006, primarily to support our expanded development programs for VEGF Trap-Eye and ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) and our activities to move our first antibody candidate (REGN88) into clinical trials. Operating expenses in 2007 and 2006 include a total of $28.1 million and $18.6 million of Non-cash Compensation Expense, as detailed below:

For the year ended December 31, 2007
Expenses before
inclusion of Non-cash Non-cash
Compensation Compensation Expenses as
Expenses         Expense       Expense       Reported
(In millions)
Research and development   $185.4   $16.2   $201.6
Selling, general, and administrative 26.0 11.9 37.9
      Total operating expenses   $211.4   $28.1   $239.5
 
For the year ended December 31, 2006
Expenses before
inclusion of Non-cash Non cash
Compensation Compensation Expenses as
Expenses   Expense   Expense Reported
(In millions)
Research and development   $126.7   $10.4     $137.1  
Contract manufacturing   7.8   0.3 8.1
Selling, general, and administrative 18.0   7.9     25.9  
      Total operating expenses   $152.5   $18.6   $171.1

      The increase in total Non-cash Compensation Expense in 2007 was primarily due to the higher fair market value of our Common Stock on the date of our annual employee option grants made in December 2006 in comparison to the fair market value of our Common Stock on the dates of annual employee option grants made in recent prior years.

44


Research and Development Expenses

      Research and development expenses increased to $201.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2007 from $137.1 million for 2006. The following table summarizes the major categories of our research and development expenses for the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006:

Year Ended December 31,
Research and Development Expenses   2007 2006 Increase
(In millions)                                    
Payroll and benefits (1)   $  60.6   $  44.8   $15.8
Clinical trial expenses   37.6 14.9 22.7
Clinical manufacturing costs (2) 47.0   39.2 7.8
Research and preclinical development costs 23.2 17.5   5.7
Occupancy and other operating costs   22.6   20.7   1.9
Cost-sharing of Bayer HealthCare VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses (3)   10.6       10.6  
      Total research and development     $201.6 $137.1   $64.5  
____________________
 
(1)       

Includes $13.2 million and $8.6 million of Non-cash Compensation Expense for the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

 
(2)       

Represents the full cost of manufacturing drug for use in research, preclinical development, and clinical trials, including related payroll and benefits, Non-cash Compensation Expense, manufacturing materials and supplies, depreciation, and occupancy costs of our Rensselaer manufacturing facility. Includes $3.0 million and $1.8 million of Non-cash Compensation Expense for the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

 
(3)       

In the fourth quarter of 2007, when we commenced recognizing cost-sharing of our and Bayer HealthCare’s 2007 VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses, we recognized as additional research and development expense a cumulative catch-up of $10.6 million of VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses that we were obligated to reimburse to Bayer HealthCare.

      Payroll and benefits increased primarily due to the increase in employee headcount, as described above, annual compensation increases effective in 2007, and higher Non-cash Compensation Expense, as described above. Clinical trial expenses increased due primarily to higher costs related to our Phase 3 study of VEGF Trap-Eye in wet AMD, which we initiated in the third quarter of 2007, and our ongoing Phase 1 and 2 studies of VEGF Trap-Eye in wet AMD. Clinical manufacturing costs increased due primarily to higher costs related to manufacturing ARCALYST and preclinical and clinical supplies of REGN88, which were partly offset by lower costs related to manufacturing aflibercept and VEGF Trap-Eye. Research and preclinical development costs increased primarily due to higher costs related to our human monoclonal antibody programs, including REGN88, and utilization of our proprietary technology platforms. Occupancy and other operating costs increased primarily as a result of higher Company headcount and our expanded research and development activities.

      We budget our research and development costs by expense category, rather than by project. We also prepare estimates of research and development cost for projects in clinical development, which include direct costs and allocations of certain costs such as indirect labor, Non-cash Compensation Expense, and manufacturing and other costs related to activities that benefit multiple projects, and, under our collaboration with Bayer HealthCare, the portion of Bayer HealthCare’s VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses that we are obligated to reimburse. Our estimates of research and development costs for clinical development programs are shown below:

Year ended December 31,
Project Costs         2007         2006       Increase
(In millions)
ARCALYST ® (rilonacept)     $  38.1   $  29.6   $  8.5
Aflibercept   33.7 30.7 3.0  
VEGF Trap-Eye   53.7 21.9   31.8
REGN88 13.6       13.6
Other research programs & unallocated costs   62.5   54.9       7.6
      Total research and development expenses   $201.6   $137.1   $64.5

45


      For the reasons described above in Results of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, under the caption “Research and Development Expenses”, and due to the variability in the costs necessary to develop a product and the uncertainties related to future indications to be studied, the estimated cost and scope of the projects and our ultimate ability to obtain governmental approval for commercialization, accurate and meaningful estimates of the total cost to bring our product candidates to market are not available. Similarly, we are currently unable to reasonably estimate if our product candidates will generate material product revenues and net cash inflows. In the first quarter of 2008, we received FDA approval for ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) for the treatment of CAPS, a group of rare, inherited auto-inflammatory diseases. These rare diseases affect a very small group of people. As a result, we can not predict whether the commercialization of ARCALYST in CAPS will result in a significant net cash benefit to us.

Contract Manufacturing Expenses

      We had no contract manufacturing expenses in 2007 compared to $8.1 million in 2006, due to the expiration of our manufacturing agreement with Merck in October 2006.

Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses

      Selling, general, and administrative expenses increased to $37.9 million in 2007 from $25.9 million in the same period of 2006 primarily due to (i) higher Non-cash Compensation Expense, as described above, (ii) higher compensation expense principally due to annual increases effective in 2007 and higher administrative headcount to support our expanded research and development activities, (iii) recruitment and related costs associated with expanding our headcount in 2007, (iv) higher fees for consultants and other professional services on various corporate matters, and (v) market research and related expenses incurred in 2007 in connection with our ARCALYST and VEGF Trap-Eye programs.

Other Income and Expense

      Investment income increased to $20.9 million in 2007 from $16.5 million in 2006, resulting primarily from higher balances of cash and marketable securities (due, in part, to the up-front payment received from Bayer HealthCare in October 2006, as described above, and the receipt of net proceeds from the November 2006 public offering of our Common Stock). This increase was partly offset by a $5.9 million charge in 2007 related to marketable securities which we considered to be other than temporarily impaired in value. In the second half of 2007, deterioration in the credit quality of marketable securities from two issuers has subjected us to the risk of being unable to recover their full principal value, which totals $14.0 million. Interest expense was $12.0 million in 2007 and 2006. Interest expense was attributable primarily to our 5.5% Convertible Senior Subordinated Notes due October 17, 2008.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

      Since our inception in 1988, we have financed our operations primarily through offerings of our equity securities, a private placement of convertible debt (which was repaid in 2008), purchases of our equity securities by our collaborators, including sanofi-aventis, revenue earned under our past and present research and development agreements, including our agreements with sanofi-aventis and Bayer HealthCare, our past contract manufacturing agreements, and our technology licensing agreements, ARCALYST product revenue, and investment income.

Years Ended December 31, 2008 and 2007

      At December 31, 2008, we had $527.5 million in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and marketable securities compared with $846.3 million at December 31, 2007. Under the terms of our non-exclusive license agreements with AstraZeneca and Astellas, each company made two $20.0 million annual, non-refundable payments to us, one in 2007 and the other in 2008. In August 2007, we received a $20.0 million milestone payment from Bayer HealthCare following dosing of the first patient in our Phase 3 study of VEGF Trap-Eye in wet AMD. In December 2007, we received an $85.0 million upfront payment in connection with our new antibody collaboration with sanofi-aventis. Sanofi-aventis also purchased 12 million newly issued, unregistered shares of our Common Stock in December 2007 for gross proceeds to us of $312.0 million.

46


Cash (Used in) Provided by Operations

      Net cash used in operations was $89.1 million in 2008, and net cash provided by operations was $27.4 million in 2007 and $23.1 million in 2006. Our net losses of $82.7 million in 2008, $105.6 million in 2007, and $102.3 million in 2006 included $32.5 million, $28.1 million, and $18.7 million, respectively, of Non-cash Compensation Expense. Our net losses also included depreciation and amortization of $11.3 million, $11.5 million, and $14.6 million in 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively.

      At December 31, 2008, accounts receivable increased by $16.9 million, compared to end-of-year 2007, primarily due to a higher receivable balance related to our antibody collaboration with sanofi-aventis. Also, prepaid expenses and other assets increased by $6.6 million at December 31, 2008 compared to end-of-year 2007 due to a $12.5 million payment to Cellectis S.A. in July 2008, described below, which is being amortized in proportion to past and anticipated future revenues under our license agreements with AstraZeneca and Astellas and our antibody discovery agreement with sanofi-aventis. Our deferred revenue balances at December 31, 2008 decreased by $26.8 million, compared to end-of-year 2007, primarily due to the amortization of previously received deferred payments under our collaborations with sanofi-aventis and Bayer HealthCare. This decrease was partly offset by the deferral of $4.0 million of ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) net product sales at December 31, 2008.

      At December 31, 2007, accounts receivable increased by $10.8 million compared to end-of-year 2006 due to higher receivable balances related to our collaborations with sanofi-aventis and Bayer HealthCare. Also, prepaid expenses and other assets increased $9.6 million at December 31, 2007 compared to end-of-year 2006 due primarily to higher prepaid clinical trial costs. Our deferred revenue balances at December 31, 2007 increased by $89.8 million, compared to end-of-year 2006, due primarily to (i) the $85.0 million up-front payment received from sanofi-aventis, (ii) the $20.0 million milestone payment from Bayer HealthCare which was deemed to be non-substantive and fully deferred, and (iii) the two $20.0 million up-front payments received from each of AstraZeneca and Astellas, all as described above, partly offset by 2007 revenue recognition, principally from amortization of these deferred payments and prior year deferred payments from sanofi-aventis and Bayer HealthCare. Accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other liabilities increased $18.2 million at December 31, 2007 compared to end-of-year 2006, primarily due to a $4.9 million cost-sharing payment due to Bayer HealthCare in connection with the companies’ VEGF Trap-Eye collaboration and higher accruals in 2007 for payroll costs and clinical-related expenses.

      At December 31, 2006, accounts receivable balances decreased by $29.0 million compared to end-of-year 2005, due to the January 2006 receipt of a $25.0 million up-front payment from sanofi-aventis, which was receivable at December 31, 2005, in connection with an amendment to our aflibercept collaboration to include Japan, and lower amounts due from sanofi aventis for reimbursement of aflibercept development expenses. Also, our deferred revenue balances at December 31, 2006 increased by $60.8 million compared to end-of-year 2005, due primarily to the October 2006 $75.0 million up-front payment from Bayer, as described above, partly offset by 2006 revenue recognition from deferred sanofi-aventis up-front payments.

      The majority of our cash expenditures in 2008, 2007, and 2006 were to fund research and development, primarily related to our clinical programs and, in 2008 and 2007, our preclinical human monoclonal antibody programs. In 2008, 2007, and 2006, we made interest payments totaling $9.3 million, $11.0 million, and $11.0 million, respectively, on our convertible senior subordinated notes.

Cash Provided by (Used in) Investing Activities

      Net cash provided by investing activities was $30.8 million in 2008, and net cash used in investing activities was $85.7 million and $155.1 million in 2007 and 2006, respectively. In 2008, sales or maturities of marketable securities exceeded purchases by $65.7 million, whereas in 2007 and 2006, purchases of marketable securities exceeded sales or maturities by $67.3 million and $150.7 million, respectively. Capital expenditures in 2008 include costs in connection with expanding our manufacturing capacity at our Rensselaer, New York facilities and tenant improvements and related costs in connection with our December 2006 Tarrytown, New York operating lease, as described below. Capital expenditures in 2007 included the purchase of land and a building in Rensselaer for $9.0 million.

47


Cash (Used in) Provided by Financing Activities

      Net cash used in financing activities was $192.9 million in 2008, and net cash provided by financing activities was $319.4 million and $185.4 million in 2007 and 2006, respectively. In the second and third quarters of 2008, we repurchased $82.5 million in principal amount of our convertible senior subordinated notes for $83.3 million. The remaining $117.5 million of convertible notes were repaid in full upon their maturity in October 2008. In 2007, sanofi-aventis purchased 12 million newly issued, unregistered shares of our Common Stock for gross proceeds to us of $312.0 million. In 2006, we completed a public offering of 7.6 million shares of our Common Stock and received proceeds, after expenses, of $174.6 million. In addition, proceeds from issuances of Common Stock in connection with exercises of employee stock options were $7.9 million in 2008, $7.6 million in 2007, and $10.4 million in 2006.

Fair Value of Marketable Securities

      At December 31, 2008 and 2007, we held marketable securities whose aggregate fair value totaled $278.0 million and $345.7 million, respectively. The composition of our portfolio of marketable securities on these dates was as follows:

  2008       2007
Investment type   Fair Value       Percent Fair Value       Percent
U.S. Treasury securities   $113.9 41 %    
U.S. government agency securities 58.3 21 %   $  50.5 15 %
U.S. government-guaranteed corporate bonds 29.8 11 %      
U.S. government guaranteed collateralized mortgage obligations   17.4 6 % 48.8 14 %
Corporate bonds 37.1     13 %   110.7     32 %
Asset-backed securities 17.8 7 %   45.2 13 %
Commercial paper           72.8 21 %
Other 3.7 1 % 17.7       5 %
     Total marketable securities   $278.0   100 %       $345.7     100 %  

      In addition, at December 31, 2008 and 2007, we had $249.5 million and $500.6 million, respectively, of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, primarily held in money market funds that invest in U.S. government securities.

      During 2008, as marketable securities in our portfolio matured or paid down, we purchased primarily U.S. Treasury securities, U.S. government agency obligations and U.S. government-guaranteed debt. This shift toward higher quality securities reduced the risk profile, as well as the overall yield, of our portfolio during 2008.

      In particular, we reduced the proportion of asset-backed securities in the portfolio as they deteriorated in credit quality and declined in value due to higher delinquency rates on the underlying collateral supporting these securities. Of the $17.8 million of asset-backed securities that we held at December 31, 2008, $10.0 million were backed by prime and sub-prime residential mortgages and home equity loans. The remaining $7.8 million were backed by automotive loans and credit card receivables, of which one $4.9 million security matured in February 2009. The estimated fair value of our asset-backed securities generally ranged from 80% to 95% of par value at December 31, 2008. We purchased these securities in early 2007 when they were all rated triple-A by at least one of the major rating agencies. In addition, our asset-backed securities are all senior tranches that are paid-down before other subordinated tranches as the loans in the underlying collateral are repaid. Through December 31, 2008, we continued to receive monthly payments of principal and interest on our asset-backed securities holdings. If the monthly principal and interest payments continue at approximately the current rate, we anticipate that all of the asset-backed securities in our portfolio will be repaid within the next two years, and most would be repaid in 2009. However, further deterioration of the current economic environment and/or higher delinquency rates in the underlying collateral supporting an asset-backed security in our investment portfolio could result in future impairment charges related to these securities, which could be material.

      In addition, we reduced the proportion of corporate bonds in our portfolio from 32% at December 31, 2007 to 13% at December 31, 2008, due to the deterioration of the credit quality of many corporate bond issuers. At the end of 2008, we held $37.1 million of corporate bonds issued by financial services companies, of which $5.1 million matured in January 2009 and another $21.6 million are scheduled to mature by the end of 2009. During 2008, we recognized other-than-temporary impairment charges of $2.5 million related to corporate securities in our portfolio. Further deterioration in the credit quality of financial services companies whose debt we hold could result in additional impairment charges, which could be material.

48


      In September 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued SFAS 157, Fair Value Measurements. SFAS 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. We adopted the provisions of SFAS 157 as of January 1, 2008, for financial instruments. Although the adoption of SFAS 157 did not materially impact our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows, we are now required to provide additional disclosures as part of our financial statements. In addition, in October 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position (FSP) 157-3, Determining the Fair Value of a Financial Asset When the Market for That Asset Is Not Active, which clarifies the application of SFAS 157 in a market that is not active. FSP 157-3 also reaffirms the notion of fair value as an exit price as of the measurement date. FSP 157-3 was effective upon issuance for financial statements that had not yet been issued. We adopted FSP 157-3 for the quarter ended September 30, 2008.

      SFAS 157 establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. The three tiers are Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions. We have determined that the provisions of SFAS 157 are applicable to our marketable securities, which totaled $278.0 million as of December 31, 2008. At December 31, 2008, less than 1% of our marketable securities represented Level 3 assets.

      Changes in Level 3 marketable securities during the year ended December 31, 2008 were as follows:

  Level 3
  Marketable
(In millions)   Securities
Balance January 1, 2008   $  7.9  
Settlements     (8.2 )  
Realized gain     1.1  
Impairments     (0.7 )  
Balance December 31, 2008   $  0.1  

      During the year ended December 31, 2008, there were no transfers of marketable securities between Level 2 and Level 3 classifications.

      Our methods for valuing our marketable securities are described in Note 2 to our financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. With respect to valuations for pricing our Level 2 marketable securities, we consider quantitative and qualitative factors such as financial conditions and near term prospects of the issuer, recommendations of the investment advisors and forecasts of economic, market, or industry trends. We also review our investment advisors’ policies and procedures for valuation and, for a sample of valuations, review the inputs supporting the valuations and independently test the valuations through the use of an alternative third-party vendor. For valuations that we determine for our Level 3 marketable securities, we regularly monitor these securities and adjust their valuations as deemed appropriate based on the facts and circumstances.

Collaborations with the sanofi-aventis Group

Aflibercept

      In September 2003, we entered into a collaboration agreement with Aventis Pharmaceuticals Inc. (predecessor to sanofi-aventis U.S.) to collaborate on the development and commercialization of aflibercept in all countries other than Japan, where we retained the exclusive right to develop and commercialize aflibercept. Sanofi-aventis made a non-refundable up-front payment of $80.0 million and purchased 2,799,552 newly issued unregistered shares of our Common Stock for $45.0 million.

      In January 2005, we and sanofi-aventis amended the collaboration agreement to exclude, from the scope of the collaboration, the development and commercialization of aflibercept for intraocular delivery to the eye. In connection with this amendment, sanofi-aventis made a $25.0 million non-refundable payment to us.

      In December 2005, we and sanofi-aventis amended our collaboration agreement to expand the territory in which the companies are collaborating on the development of aflibercept to include Japan. In connection with this amendment, sanofi-aventis agreed to make a $25.0 million non-refundable up-front payment to us, which was

49


received in January 2006. Under the collaboration agreement, as amended, we and sanofi-aventis will share co-promotion rights and profits on sales, if any, of aflibercept outside of Japan for disease indications included in our collaboration. In Japan, we are entitled to a royalty of approximately 35% on annual sales of aflibercept. We may also receive up to $400 million in milestone payments upon receipt of specified marketing approvals, including up to $360 million in milestone payments related to the receipt of marketing approvals for up to eight aflibercept oncology and other indications in the United States or the European Union and up to $40 million related to receipt of marketing approvals for up to five aflibercept oncology indications in Japan.

      We have agreed to manufacture clinical supplies of aflibercept at our plant in Rensselaer, New York. Sanofi-aventis has agreed to be responsible for providing commercial scale manufacturing capacity for aflibercept.

      Under the collaboration agreement, as amended, agreed upon worldwide aflibercept development expenses incurred by both companies during the term of the agreement, including costs associated with the manufacture of clinical drug supply, will be funded by sanofi-aventis. If the collaboration becomes profitable, we will be obligated to reimburse sanofi-aventis for 50% of these development expenses, including 50% of the $25.0 million payment received in connection with the January 2005 amendment to our collaboration agreement, in accordance with a formula based on the amount of development expenses and our share of the collaboration profits and Japan royalties, or at a faster rate at our option. In addition, if the first commercial sale of an aflibercept product for intraocular delivery to the eye predates the first commercial sale of an aflibercept product under the collaboration by two years, we will begin reimbursing sanofi-aventis for up to $7.5 million of aflibercept development expenses in accordance with a formula until the first commercial aflibercept sale under the collaboration occurs. Since inception of the collaboration agreement through December 31, 2008, we and sanofi-aventis have incurred $446.5 million in agreed upon development expenses related to aflibercept. Currently, multiple clinical studies to evaluate aflibercept as both a single agent and in combination with other therapies in various cancer indications are ongoing, and we and sanofi-aventis plan to initiate additional aflibercept clinical studies in 2009.

      Sanofi-aventis funded $35.6 million, $38.3 million, and $36.4 million, respectively, of our aflibercept development costs in 2008, 2007, and 2006, of which $6.3 million, $10.5 million, and $6.8 million, respectively, were included in accounts receivable as of December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006. In addition, the up-front payments of $80.0 million in September 2003 and $25.0 million in January 2006 from sanofi-aventis were recorded to deferred revenue and are being recognized as contract research and development revenue over the period during which we expect to perform services. In 2008, 2007, and 2006, we recognized $8.8 million, $8.8 million, and $11.4 million of revenue, respectively, related to these up-front payments.

      Sanofi-aventis has the right to terminate the agreement without cause with at least twelve months advance notice. Upon termination of the agreement for any reason, any remaining obligation to reimburse sanofi-aventis for 50% of aflibercept development expenses will terminate and we will retain all rights to aflibercept.

Antibodies

      In November 2007, we and sanofi-aventis entered into a global, strategic collaboration to discover, develop, and commercialize fully human monoclonal antibodies. The collaboration is governed by a Discovery and Preclinical Development Agreement and a License and Collaboration Agreement. We received a non-refundable up-front payment of $85.0 million from sanofi-aventis under the discovery agreement. In addition, sanofi-aventis is funding research at Regeneron to identify and validate potential drug discovery targets and develop fully human monoclonal antibodies against these targets. Sanofi-aventis funded approximately $75 million of research from the collaboration’s inception through December 31, 2008 and will fund up to $100 million per year in 2009 through 2012. The discovery agreement will expire on December 31, 2012; however, sanofi-aventis has an option to extend the agreement for up to an additional three years for further antibody development and preclinical activities.

      For each drug candidate identified under the discovery agreement, sanofi-aventis has the option to license rights to the candidate under the license agreement. If it elects to do so, sanofi-aventis will co-develop the drug candidate with us through product approval. Under the license agreement, agreed upon worldwide development expenses incurred by both companies during the term of the agreement will be funded by sanofi-aventis, except that following receipt of the first positive Phase 3 trial results for a co-developed drug candidate, subsequent Phase 3 trial-related costs for that drug candidate (called Shared Phase 3 Trial Costs) will be shared 80% by sanofi-aventis and 20% by us. If the collaboration becomes profitable, we will be obligated to reimburse sanofi-aventis for 50% of

50


development expenses that were fully funded by sanofi-aventis (or half of $27.8 million as of December 31, 2008) and 30% of Shared Phase 3 Trial Costs, in accordance with a defined formula based on the amounts of these expenses and our share of the collaboration profits from commercialization of collaboration products. If sanofi-aventis does not exercise its option to license rights to a particular drug candidate under the license agreement, we will retain the exclusive right to develop and commercialize such drug candidate, and sanofi-aventis will receive a royalty on sales, if any. The first three therapeutic antibodies to enter clinical development under the collaboration are REGN88, that is being evaluated in rheumatoid arthritis, REGN421, that is being evaluated in oncology in patients with advanced malignancies, and REGN475, that is being evaluated in pain.

      Sanofi-aventis will lead commercialization activities for products developed under the license agreement, subject to our right to co-promote such products. The parties will equally share profits and losses from sales within the United States. The parties will share profits outside the United States on a sliding scale based on sales starting at 65% (sanofi-aventis)/35% (us) and ending at 55% (sanofi-aventis)/45% (us), and losses outside the United States at 55% (sanofi-aventis)/45% (us). In addition to profit sharing, we are entitled to receive up to $250 million in sales milestone payments, with milestone payments commencing only if and after aggregate annual sales outside the United States exceed $1.0 billion on a rolling 12-month basis.

      We are obligated to use commercially reasonable efforts to supply clinical requirements of each drug candidate under the collaboration until commercial supplies of that drug candidate are being manufactured.

      In 2008 and 2007, sanofi-aventis funded $72.2 million and $3.0 million, respectively, of our expenses under the collaboration’s discovery agreement and $25.7 million and $0.7 million, respectively, of our development costs, primarily for REGN88, under the license agreement. Of these amounts, $25.5 million and $3.7 million were included in accounts receivable as of December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively. In addition, the $85.0 million up-front payment received from sanofi-aventis in December 2007 was recorded to deferred revenue and is being recognized as contract research and development revenue over the period during which we expect to perform services. In 2008 and 2007, we recognized $10.5 million and $0.9 million of revenue, respectively related to this up-front payment.

      In connection with the collaboration, in August 2008, we entered into a separate agreement with sanofi-aventis to use our proprietary VelociGene ® technology platform to supply sanofi-aventis with genetically modified mammalian models of gene function and disease. The agreement provides for minimum annual order quantities for the term of the agreement which extends through December 2012, for which we expect to receive payments totaling a minimum of $21.5 million, of which $0.6 million had been received as of December 31, 2008.

      With respect to each antibody product which enters development under the license agreement, sanofi-aventis or we may, by giving twelve months notice, opt-out of further development and/or commercialization of the product, in which event the other party retains exclusive rights to continue the development and/or commercialization of the product. We may also opt-out of the further development of an antibody product if we give notice to sanofi-aventis within thirty days of the date that sanofi-aventis elects to jointly develop such antibody product under the license agreement. Each of the discovery agreement and the license agreement contains other termination provisions, including for material breach by the other party and, in the case of the discovery agreement, a termination right for sanofi-aventis under other limited defined circumstances. Prior to December 31, 2012, sanofi-aventis has the right to terminate the discovery agreement without cause with at least three months advance written notice; however, except under defined circumstances, sanofi-aventis would be obligated to immediately pay to us the full amount of unpaid research funding during the remaining term of the research agreement through December 31, 2012. Upon termination of the collaboration in its entirety, our obligation to reimburse sanofi-aventis for development costs out of any future profits from collaboration products will terminate.

      In December 2007, we sold sanofi-aventis 12 million newly issued, unregistered shares of Common Stock at an aggregate cash price of $312.0 million, or $26.00 per share of Common Stock. As a condition to the closing of this transaction, sanofi-aventis entered into an investor agreement with us, which contains certain demand rights, “standstill provisions”, and other restrictions, which are more fully described in Note 8 to our Financial Statements.

51


Collaboration with Bayer HealthCare

      In October 2006, we entered into a license and collaboration agreement with Bayer HealthCare to globally develop, and commercialize outside the United States, VEGF Trap-Eye. Under the terms of the agreement, Bayer HealthCare made a non-refundable up-front payment to us of $75.0 million. In August 2007, we received a $20.0 million milestone payment from Bayer HealthCare following dosing of the first patient in the Phase 3 study of VEGF Trap-Eye in wet AMD, and are eligible to receive up to $90 million in additional development and regulatory milestones related to the VEGF Trap-Eye program. We are also eligible to receive up to an additional $135 million in sales milestones if total annual sales of VEGF Trap-Eye outside the United States achieve certain specified levels starting at $200 million.

      We will share equally with Bayer HealthCare in any future profits arising from the commercialization of VEGF Trap-Eye outside the United States. If VEGF Trap-Eye is granted marketing authorization in a major market country outside the United States and the collaboration becomes profitable, we will be obligated to reimburse Bayer HealthCare out of our share of the collaboration profits for 50% of the agreed upon development expenses that Bayer HealthCare has incurred (or half of $63.0 million at December 31, 2008) in accordance with a formula based on the amount of development expenses that Bayer HealthCare has incurred and our share of the collaboration profits, or at a faster rate at our option. Within the United States, we are responsible for any future commercialization of VEGF Trap-Eye and retain exclusive rights to any future profits from commercialization. In 2007, we initiated the VIEW 1 trial in wet AMD and, in 2008, Bayer HealthCare initiated the VIEW 2 trial in wet AMD. In addition, in late 2008, we initiated a Phase 2 study of VEGF Trap-Eye in patients with DME. We are also obligated to use commercially reasonable efforts to supply clinical and commercial product requirements.

      The $75.0 million up-front payment and $20.0 million non-substantive milestone payment from Bayer HealthCare were recorded to deferred revenue. In 2008 and 2007, we recognized $12.4 million and $15.9 million, respectively, of revenue related to these deferred payments. We did not recognize revenue in connection with our collaboration with Bayer HealthCare in 2006.

      Under the terms of the agreement, in 2009 and thereafter, all agreed upon VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses incurred by both companies under a global development plan will be shared equally. In 2008, the first $70.0 million of VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses were shared equally and we were solely responsible for up to the next $30.0 million, which resulted in a net payment of $11.3 million to Bayer HealthCare by us in 2008. In 2007, the first $50.0 million of VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses were shared equally and we were solely responsible for up to the next $40.0 million, which resulted in a net reimbursement of $9.4 million from Bayer HealthCare to us in 2007. Neither party was reimbursed for any development expenses that it incurred prior to 2007. At December 31, 2008 and 2007, accrued expenses included $9.8 million and $4.9 million, respectively, due to Bayer HealthCare. In addition, at December 31, 2007, accounts receivable included $2.8 million due from Bayer HealthCare.

      Bayer HealthCare has the right to terminate the agreement without cause with at least six months or twelve months advance notice depending on defined circumstances at the time of termination. In the event of termination of the agreement for any reason, we retain all rights to VEGF Trap-Eye.

License Agreements with AstraZeneca and Astellas

      Under these non-exclusive license agreements, AstraZeneca and Astellas each made two $20.0 million annual, non-refundable payments to us, one in 2007 and the other in 2008. AstraZeneca and Astellas are each required to make up to four additional annual payments of $20.0 million, subject to each licensee’s ability to terminate its license agreement with us after making two more payments or earlier if the technology does not meet minimum performance criteria.

National Institutes of Health Grant

      Under our five-year grant from the NIH, we are entitled to receive a minimum of $24.5 million over a five-year period, subject to compliance with the grant’s terms and annual funding approvals, including $1.5 million to optimize our existing C57BL/6 ES cell line and its proprietary growth medium. In 2008 and 2007, we recognized $4.9 million and $5.5 million, respectively, of revenue related to the NIH Grant, of which $1.3 million and $1.0 million, respectively, was receivable at the end of 2008 and 2007. In 2009, we expect to receive funding of approximately $5 million for reimbursement of Regeneron expenses related to the NIH Grant.

52


Convertible Debt

      In 2001, we issued $200.0 million aggregate principal amount of convertible senior subordinated notes, which bore interest at 5.5% per annum, payable semi-annually, and that matured in October 2008. During the second and third quarters of 2008, we repurchased $82.5 million in principal amount of our notes for $83.3 million. The remaining $117.5 million of outstanding convertible notes were repaid in full upon their maturity in October 2008.

License Agreement with Cellectis

      In July 2008, we and Cellectis S.A. entered into an Amended and Restated Non-Exclusive License Agreement. The amended license agreement resolved a dispute between the parties related to the interpretation of a license agreement entered into by the parties in December 2003 pursuant to which we licensed certain patents and patent applications relating to a process for the specific replacement of a copy of a gene in the receiver genome by homologous recombination. Pursuant to the amended license agreement, in July 2008, we made a non-refundable $12.5 million payment to Cellectis and agreed to pay Cellectis a low single-digit royalty based on revenue received by us from any future licenses or sales of our VelociGene ® or VelocImmune ® products and services. No royalties are payable with respect to our VelocImmune license agreements with AstraZeneca and Astellas or our November 2007 collaboration with sanofi-aventis. Moreover, no royalties are payable on any revenue from commercial sales of antibodies from our VelocImmune technology.

      We are amortizing our $12.5 million payment to Cellectis in proportion to past and anticipated future revenues under our license agreements with AstraZeneca and Astellas and our antibody discovery agreement with sanofi-aventis. In 2008, we recognized $2.7 million of expense related to this agreement.

      In July 2008, we and Cellectis also entered into a Subscription Agreement pursuant to which we purchased 368,301 ordinary shares of Cellectis in November 2008 at a price of EUR 8.63 per share (which was equivalent to $10.98 at the EUR exchange rate on the date of purchase).

Operating Lease – Tarrytown, New York Facilities

      Under our main operating lease, as amended, we currently lease approximately 248,000 square feet of laboratory and office facilities in Tarrytown, New York. In December 2006, we entered into a new operating lease agreement (as amended in October 2007) to lease approximately 257,000 square feet of laboratory and office space at our current Tarrytown location, which included approximately 27,000 square feet that we currently occupy (our retained facilities) and approximately 230,000 square feet in new facilities that are currently under construction and expected to be completed in mid-2009. In September 2008, we amended the operating lease agreement to increase the amount of retained space we will lease from approximately 27,000 square feet to approximately 118,000 square feet, for an amended total under the new lease of approximately 348,000 square feet. The term of the new lease commenced effective June 2008 and will expire in June 2024. Under the new lease we also have various options and rights on additional space at the Tarrytown site, and will continue to lease our present facilities until the new facilities are ready for occupancy. In addition, the lease contains three renewal options to extend the term of the lease by five years each and early termination options for our retained facilities only. The lease provides for monthly payments over the term of the lease related to our retained facilities, the costs of construction and tenant improvements for our new facilities, and additional charges for utilities, taxes, and operating expenses.

      In connection with the new lease agreement, in December 2006, we issued a letter of credit in the amount of $1.6 million to our landlord, which is collateralized by a $1.6 million bank certificate of deposit.

Capital Expenditures

      Our additions to property, plant, and equipment totaled $34.9 million in 2008, $19.6 million in 2007, and $3.3 million in 2006. In 2009, we expect to incur approximately $50 to $60 million in capital expenditures (net of Tarrytown tenant improvement costs that will be reimbursed by our landlord in connection with our new operating lease), primarily in connection with expanding our manufacturing capacity at our Rensselaer, New York facilities and our new Tarrytown operating lease, as described above. We currently expect to incur approximately $30 million in capital expenditures in 2010.

53


Funding Requirements

      Our total expenses for research and development from inception through December 31, 2008 have been approximately $1,630 million. We have entered into various agreements related to our activities to develop and commercialize product candidates and utilize our technology platforms, including collaboration agreements, such as those with sanofi-aventis and Bayer HealthCare, and agreements to use our Velocigene ® technology platform. We incurred expenses associated with these agreements, which include an allocable portion of general and administrative costs, of $230.6 million, $108.2 million, and $43.4 million in 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively.

      We expect to continue to incur substantial funding requirements primarily for research and development activities (including preclinical and clinical testing). Before taking into account reimbursements from collaborators, we currently anticipate that approximately 50-60% of our expenditures for 2009 will be directed toward the preclinical and clinical development of product candidates, including ARCALYST ® (rilonacept), aflibercept, VEGF Trap-Eye, and monoclonal antibodies (including REGN88, REGN421, and REGN475); approximately 25-30% of our expenditures for 2009 will be applied to our basic research and early preclinical activities and the remainder of our expenditures for 2009 will be used for the continued development of our novel technology platforms, capital expenditures, and general corporate purposes.

      We currently anticipate that in 2009 the commercialization of ARCALYST for the treatment of CAPS will not materially enhance or otherwise materially impact our cash flows.

      In connection with our funding requirements, the following table summarizes our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2008. These obligations and commitments assume non-termination of agreements and represent expected payments based on current operating forecasts, which are subject to change:

  Payments Due by Period
          Less than                       Greater than
  Total one year 1 to 3 years 3 to 5 years 5 years
      (In millions)      
Operating leases (1)     $230.1   $  9.1   $26.8   $27.2   $167.0
Purchase obligations (2)     126.3   65.7       59.3       1.3          
Total contractual obligations     $356.4   $74.8   $86.1   $28.5   $167.0
____________________
 
(1)      

Includes projected obligations based, in part, upon budgeted construction and tenant improvement costs related to our new operating lease for facilities under construction in Tarrytown, New York, as described above. Excludes future contingent rental costs for utilities, real estate taxes, and operating expenses. In 2008, these costs were $8.4 million.

   
(2)

Purchase obligations primarily relate to (i) research and development commitments, including those related to clinical trials, (ii) capital expenditures for equipment acquisitions, and (iii) license payments. Our obligation to pay certain of these amounts may increase or be reduced based on certain future events. Open purchase orders for the acquisition of goods and services in the ordinary course of business are excluded from the table above.

      Under our collaboration with Bayer HealthCare, over the next several years we and Bayer HealthCare will share agreed upon VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses incurred by both companies, under a global development plan, as described above. In addition, under our collaboration agreements with sanofi-aventis and Bayer HealthCare, if the applicable collaboration becomes profitable, we have contingent contractual obligations to reimburse sanofi-aventis and Bayer HealthCare for a defined percentage (generally 50%) of agreed-upon development expenses incurred by sanofi-aventis and Bayer HealthCare, respectively. Profitability under each collaboration will be measured by calculating net sales less agreed-upon expenses. These reimbursements would be deducted from our share of the collaboration profits (and, for our aflibercept collaboration with sanofi-aventis, royalties on product sales in Japan) otherwise payable to us unless we agree to reimburse these expenses at a faster rate at our option. Given the uncertainties related to drug development (including the development of aflibercept and co-developed antibody candidates in collaboration with sanofi-aventis and VEGF Trap-Eye in collaboration with Bayer HealthCare) such

54


as the variability in the length of time necessary to develop a product candidate and the ultimate ability to obtain governmental approval for commercialization, we are currently unable to reliably estimate if our collaborations with sanofi-aventis and Bayer HealthCare will become profitable.

      The amount we need to fund operations will depend on various factors, including the status of competitive products, the success of our research and development programs, the potential future need to expand our professional and support staff and facilities, the status of patents and other intellectual property rights, the delay or failure of a clinical trial of any of our potential drug candidates, and the continuation, extent, and success of our collaborations with sanofi-aventis and Bayer HealthCare. Clinical trial costs are dependent, among other things, on the size and duration of trials, fees charged for services provided by clinical trial investigators and other third parties, the costs for manufacturing the product candidate for use in the trials, and for supplies, laboratory tests, and other expenses. The amount of funding that will be required for our clinical programs depends upon the results of our research and preclinical programs and early-stage clinical trials, regulatory requirements, the duration and results of clinical trials underway and of additional clinical trials that we decide to initiate, and the various factors that affect the cost of each trial as described above. Currently, we are required to remit royalties on product sales of ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) for the treatment of CAPS. In the future, if we are able to successfully develop, market, and sell ARCALYST for other indications or certain of our product candidates, we may be required to pay royalties or otherwise share the profits generated on such sales in connection with our collaboration and licensing agreements.

      We expect that expenses related to the filing, prosecution, defense, and enforcement of patent and other intellectual property claims will continue to be substantial as a result of patent filings and prosecutions in the United States and foreign countries.

      We believe that our existing capital resources, including funding we are entitled to receive under our collaboration agreements, will enable us to meet operating needs through at least 2012. However, this is a forward-looking statement based on our current operating plan, and there may be a change in projected revenues or expenses that would lead to our capital being consumed significantly before such time. If there is insufficient capital to fund all of our planned operations and activities, we believe we would prioritize available capital to fund preclinical and clinical development of our product candidates.

      Other than letters of credit totaling $1.7 million, including a $1.6 million letter of credit issued to our landlord in connection with our operating lease for facilities in Tarrytown, New York, as described above, we have no off-balance sheet arrangements. In addition, we do not guarantee the obligations of any other entity. As of December 31, 2008, we had no established banking arrangements through which we could obtain short-term financing or a line of credit. In the event we need additional financing for the operation of our business, we will consider collaborative arrangements and additional public or private financing, including additional equity financing. Factors influencing the availability of additional financing include our progress in product development, investor perception of our prospects, and the general condition of the financial markets. We may not be able to secure the necessary funding through new collaborative arrangements or additional public or private offerings. If we cannot raise adequate funds to satisfy our capital requirements, we may have to delay, scale-back, or eliminate certain of our research and development activities or future operations. This could materially harm our business.

Future Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Standards

      In November 2007, the Emerging Issues Task Force issued Statement No. 07-1, Accounting for Collaborative Arrangements (EITF 07-1). EITF 07-01 defines collaborative arrangements and establishes reporting requirements for transactions between participants in a collaborative arrangement and between participants in the arrangement and third parties. EITF 07-1 also establishes the appropriate income statement presentation and classification for joint operating activities and payments between participants, as well as the sufficiency of the disclosures related to these arrangements. EITF 07-1 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and will be applied retrospectively as a change in accounting principle for collaborative arrangements existing at the effective date. We are required to adopt EITF 07-1 for the fiscal year beginning January 1, 2009. Our management does not anticipate that the adoption of EITF 07-1 will have a material impact on our financial statements.

      In March 2008, the FASB issued SFAS 161, Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities – an Amendment of FASB Statement 133 . SFAS 161 enhances required disclosures regarding derivatives and hedging activities, including enhanced disclosures regarding how (a) an entity uses derivative instruments, (b) derivative

55


instruments and related hedged items are accounted for under SFAS 133, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities , and (c) derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entity’s financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. SFAS 161 is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after November 15, 2008. We are required to adopt SFAS 161 for the fiscal year beginning January 1, 2009. Our management does not anticipate that the adoption of SFAS 161 will have a material impact on our financial statements.

      In April 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position (FSP) FAS 142-3, Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets . This FSP amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. The intent of this FSP is to improve the consistency between the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS 142 and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the asset under SFAS 141R, and other generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). This FSP is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. Early adoption is prohibited. We are required to adopt FSP FAS 142-3 for the fiscal year beginning January 1, 2009. Our management does not anticipate that the adoption of this FSP will have a material impact on our financial statements.

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Interest Rate Risk

      Our earnings and cash flows are subject to fluctuations due to changes in interest rates primarily from our investment of available cash balances in U.S. government, corporate, and asset-backed securities. We do not believe we are materially exposed to changes in interest rates. Under our current policies, we do not use interest rate derivative instruments to manage exposure to interest rate changes. We estimated that a one percent unfavorable change in interest rates would result in approximately a $1.9 million decrease in the fair value of our investment portfolio at both December 31, 2008 and 2007.

Credit Quality Risk

      We have an investment policy that includes guidelines on acceptable investment securities, minimum credit quality, maturity parameters, and concentration and diversification. Nonetheless, deterioration of the credit quality of an investment security subsequent to purchase may subject us to the risk of not being able to recover the full principal value of the security. In the second half of 2007, we recognized a $5.9 million charge related to marketable securities from two issuers which we considered to be other than temporarily impaired in value. In 2008, an additional $0.7 million impairment charge was recognized related to one of these securities and a $1.8 million charge was recognized related to another marketable security which we considered to be other than temporarily impaired in value.

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

      The financial statements required by this Item are included on pages F-1 through F-34 of this report. The supplementary financial information required by this Item is included at pages F-34 of this report.

ITEM 9.  

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE


      Not applicable.

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

      The Company’s management, with the participation of our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”)) as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Based on this evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer each concluded that, as of the end of such period, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that

56


it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported on a timely basis, and is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Company’s chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Management Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

      Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Our management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting using the framework in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on that evaluation our management has concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2008. The effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2008 has been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report which appears herein.

      Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

      There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended December 31, 2008 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

      Our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or internal controls over financial reporting will prevent all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the system are met and cannot detect all deviations. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud or deviations, if any, within the company have been detected. Projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risks that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

      None.

57


PART III

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

      The information required by this item (other than the information set forth in the next paragraph in this Item 10) will be included in our definitive proxy statement with respect to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the SEC, and is incorporated herein by reference.

      We have adopted a code of business conduct and ethics that applies to our officers, directors and employees. The full text of our code of business conduct and ethics can be found on the Company’s website ( http://www.regeneron.com ) under the “Corporate Governance” heading on the “About Us” page.

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

      The information called for by this item will be included in our definitive proxy statement with respect to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the SEC, and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 12.  

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED
STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

      The information called for by this item will be included in our definitive proxy statement with respect to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the SEC, and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

      The information required by this item will be included in our definitive proxy statement with respect to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the SEC, and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

      The information called for by this item will be included in our definitive proxy statement with respect to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the SEC, and is incorporated herein by reference.

PART IV

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

  (a) 1. Financial Statements
                    

The financials statements filed as part of this report are listed on the Index to Financial Statements on page F-1.

   
2. Financial Statement Schedules
       

All schedules for which provision is made in the applicable accounting regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission are not required under the related instructions or are inapplicable and therefore have been omitted.

58



                3.      Exhibits

Exhibit      
Number       Description
3.1   (p) -   Restated Certificate of Incorporation, filed February 11, 2008 with the New York Secretary of State.
3.2   (a) - By-Laws of the Company, currently in effect (amended through November 9, 2007).
10.1 +   (b) - 1990 Amended and Restated Long-Term Incentive Plan.
10.2 +   (q) - Amended and Restated 2000 Long-Term Incentive Plan.
10.2.1 +   (c) - Form of option agreement and related notice of grant for use in connection with the grant of options to the Registrant’s non-employee directors and named executive officers.
10.2.2 +   (c) - Form of option agreement and related notice of grant for use in connection with the grant of options to the Registrant’s executive officers other than the named executive officers.
10.2.3 +   (d) - Form of restricted stock award agreement and related notice of grant for use in connection with the grant of restricted stock awards to the Registrant’s executive officers.
10.3 +     - Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, dated as of November 14, 2008, between the Company and Leonard S. Schleifer, M.D., Ph.D.
10.4* +   (e) - Employment Agreement, dated as of December 31, 1998, between the Company and P. Roy Vagelos, M.D.
10.5 +   - Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Change in Control Severance Plan, amended and restated effective as of November 14, 2008.
10.6*   (f) - IL-1 License Agreement, dated June 26, 2002, by and among the Company, Immunex Corporation, and Amgen Inc.
10.7*   (g) - Collaboration, License and Option Agreement, dated as of March 28, 2003, by and between Novartis Pharma AG, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, and the Company.
10.8*   (h) - Collaboration Agreement, dated as of September 5, 2003, by and between Aventis Pharmaceuticals Inc. and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
10.8.1*   (e) - Amendment No. 1 to Collaboration Agreement, by and between Aventis Pharmaceuticals Inc. and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., effective as of December 31, 2004.
10.8.2   (i) - Amendment No. 2 to Collaboration Agreement, by and between Aventis Pharmaceuticals Inc. and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., effective as of January 7, 2005.
10.8.3*   (j) - Amendment No. 3 to Collaboration Agreement, by and between Aventis Pharmaceuticals Inc. and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., effective as of December 21, 2005.
10.8.4*   (j) - Amendment No. 4 to Collaboration Agreement, by and between sanofi-aventis U.S., LLC (successor in interest to Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Inc.) and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., effective as of January 31, 2006.
10.9   (h) - Stock Purchase Agreement, dates as of September 5, 2003, by and between Aventis Pharmaceuticals Inc. and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
10.10*   (k) - License and Collaboration Agreement, dated as of October 18, 2006, by and between Bayer HealthCare LLC and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
10.11*   (l) - Non Exclusive License and Material Transfer Agreement, dated as of February 5, 2007 by and between AstraZeneca UK Limited and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
10.12   (m) - Lease, dated as of December 21, 2006, by and between BMR-Landmark at Eastview LLC and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
10.12.1*   (o) - First Amendment to Lease, by and between BMR-Landmark at Eastview LLC and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., effective as of October 24, 2007.
10.12.2   (s) - Second Amendment to Lease, by and between BMR-Landmark at Eastview LLC and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., effective as of September 30, 2008.
10.13*   (n) - Non Exclusive License and Material Transfer Agreement, dated as of March 30, 2007, by and between Astellas Pharma Inc. and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
10.14*   (p) - Discovery and Preclinical Development Agreement, dated as of November 28, 2007, by and between Aventis Pharmaceuticals Inc. and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
10.15*   (p) - License and Collaboration Agreement, dated as of November 28, 2007, by and among Aventis Pharmaceuticals Inc., sanofi-aventis Amerique Du Nord and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

59



Exhibit                
Number         Description
10.16   (p) - Stock Purchase Agreement, dated as of November 28, 2007, by and among sanofi-aventis Amerique Du Nord, sanofi-aventis US LLC and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
10.17   (p) - Investor Agreement, dated as of December 20, 2007, by and among sanofi-aventis, sanofi-aventis US LLC, Aventis Pharmaceuticals Inc., sanofi-aventis Amerique du Nord, and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
10.18*   (r) - Amended and Restated Non-Exclusive License Agreement, dated as of July 1, 2008 by and between Cellectis, S.A. and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
10.19   (r) - Subscription Agreement, dated as of July 1, 2008 by and between Cellectis, S.A. and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
12.1     -  Statement re: computation of ratio of earnings to combined fixed charges of Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
23.1     - Consent of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.
31.1     - Certification of CEO pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
31.2     - Certification of CFO pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
32     - Certification of CEO and CFO pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350.

Description:

(a) Incorporated by reference from the Form 8-K for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., filed November 13, 2007.
       
(b) Incorporated by reference from the Company’s registration statement on Form S-1 (file number 33-39043).
 
(c) Incorporated by reference from the Form 8-K for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., filed December 16, 2005.
 
(d) Incorporated by reference from the Form 8-K for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., filed December 13, 2004.
 
(e) Incorporated by reference from the Form 10-K for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2004, filed March 11, 2005.
 
(f) Incorporated by reference from the Form 10-Q for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. for the quarter ended June 30, 2002, filed August 13, 2002.
 
(g) Incorporated by reference from the Form 10-Q for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. for the quarter ended March 31, 2003, filed May 15, 2003.
 
(h) Incorporated by reference from the Form 10-Q for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. for the quarter ended September 30, 2003, filed November 12, 2003.
 
(i) Incorporated by reference from the Form 8-K for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., filed January 11, 2005.
 
(j) Incorporated by reference from the Form 10-K for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2005, filed February 28, 2006.
 
(k) Incorporated by reference from the Form 10-Q for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., for the quarter ended September 30, 2006, filed November 6, 2006.
 
(l) Incorporated by reference from the Form 10-K for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc for the year ended December 31, 2006, filed March 12, 2007.
 
(m) Incorporated by reference from the Form 8-K for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., filed December 22, 2006.
 
(n)       Incorporated by reference from the Form 10-Q for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc for the quarter ended March 31, 2007, filed May 4, 2007.

60



(o) Incorporated by reference from the Form 10-Q for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc for the quarter ended September 30, 2007, filed November 7, 2007.
       
(p) Incorporated by reference from the Form 10-K for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc for the year ended December 31, 2007, filed February 27, 2008.
 
(q) Incorporated by reference from the Form 8-K for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. filed June 17, 2008.
 
(r) Incorporated by reference from the Form 10-Q for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. for the quarter ended June 30, 2008, filed August 1, 2008.
 
(s)       Incorporated by reference from the Form 10-Q for Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. for the quarter ended September 30, 2008, filed November 5, 2008.
____________________

* Portions of this document have been omitted and filed separately with the Commission pursuant to requests for confidential treatment pursuant to Rule 24b-2.
   
+       Indicates a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.

61


SIGNATURES

      Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

   
    By:   / S / L EONARD S. S CHLEIFER    
      Leonard S. Schleifer, M.D., Ph.D.  
    President and Chief Executive Officer  
Dated:    New York, New York    
  February 26, 2009    

POWER OF ATTORNEY

      KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Leonard S. Schleifer, President and Chief Executive Officer, and Murray A. Goldberg, Senior Vice President, Finance & Administration, Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer, and Assistant Secretary, and each of them, his true and lawful attorney-in-fact and agent, with the full power of substitution and resubstitution, for him and in his name, place, and stead, in any and all capacities therewith, to sign any and all amendments to this report on Form 10-K, and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto, and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto each said attorney-in-fact and agent full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done, as fully to all intents and purposes as such person might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that each said attorney-in-fact and agent, or either of them, or their or his substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

      Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated:

Signature       Title
/ S /   L EONARD S. S CHLEIFER   President, Chief Executive Officer,  
Leonard S. Schleifer, M.D., Ph.D.   and Director (Principal Executive Officer)  
/ S / M URRAY A. G OLDBERG   Senior Vice President, Finance &  
Murray A. Goldberg   Administration, Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer, and Assistant  
  Secretary (Principal Financial Officer)  
/ S / D OUGLAS S. M C C ORKLE     Vice President, Controller, and  
Douglas S. McCorkle   Assistant Treasurer (Principal Accounting Officer)  
/ S / G EORGE D. Y ANCOPOULOS   Executive Vice President, Chief Scientific  
George D. Yancopoulos, M.D., Ph.D.   Officer, President, Regeneron Research Laboratories, and Director  
/ S / P. R OY V AGELOS   Chairman of the Board  
P. Roy Vagelos, M.D.    
/ S / C HARLES A. B AKER   Director  
Charles A. Baker    
/ S / M ICHAEL S. B ROWN   Director  
Michael S. Brown, M.D.    
/ S / A LFRED G. G ILMAN   Director  
Alfred G. Gilman, M.D., Ph.D.    
/ S / J OSEPH L. G OLDSTEIN   Director  
Joseph L. Goldstein, M.D.    
/ S / E RIC M. S HOOTER   Director  
Eric M. Shooter, Ph.D.    
/ S / G EORGE L. S ING   Director  
George L. Sing    

62


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

  Page
REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.   Numbers
      Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm   F-2
      Balance Sheets at December 31, 2008 and 2007   F-3
      Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006   F-4
      Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006   F-5
      Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006   F-6
      Notes to Financial Statements   F-7 to F-34

F-1


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:

      In our opinion, the accompanying balance sheets and the related statements of operations, stockholders’ equity and cash flows present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. at December 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2008 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2008, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for these financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements and on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

      As discussed in note 2 to the financial statements, effective January 1, 2006, the Company changed its method of accounting for share-based payment, to conform with FASB Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (revised 2004), “Share-based Payment.”

      A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

      Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

  PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP  
 
 
New York, New York    
February 26, 2009    

F-2


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
BALANCE SHEETS

December 31, 2008 and 2007

2008       2007
(In thousands,
except share data)
ASSETS
Current assets
      Cash and cash equivalents $ 247,796 $ 498,925
      Marketable securities 226,954 267,532
      Accounts receivable from the sanofi-aventis Group 33,302 14,244  
      Accounts receivable - other   1,910   4,076
      Prepaid expenses and other current assets   11,480   13,052
           Total current assets 521,442 797,829
Restricted cash 1,650   1,600
Marketable securities 51,061 78,222
Property, plant, and equipment, at cost, net of accumulated
      depreciation and amortization 87,853 58,304
Other assets   8,032   303
           Total assets $ 670,038 $ 936,258
LIABILITIES and STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities
      Accounts payable and accrued expenses $ 36,168 $ 39,232
      Deferred revenue from sanofi-aventis, current portion 21,390 18,855
      Deferred revenue - other, current portion 26,114 25,577
      Notes payable       200,000
           Total current liabilities 83,672 283,664
 
Deferred revenue from sanofi-aventis 105,586 126,431
Deferred revenue - other 56,835 65,896
Other long term liabilities   5,093    
           Total liabilities   251,186   475,991
   
Commitments and contingencies  
Stockholders’ equity
      Preferred stock, $.01 par value; 30,000,000 shares authorized; issued  
           and outstanding - none
      Class A Stock, convertible, $.001 par value: 40,000,000 shares authorized;  
           shares issued and outstanding - 2,248,698 in 2008 and 2,260,266 in 2007 2 2
      Common Stock, $.001 par value; 160,000,000 shares authorized; shares issued  
           and outstanding - 77,642,203 in 2008 and 76,592,218 in 2007 78 77
      Additional paid-in capital 1,294,813 1,253,235
      Accumulated deficit (875,927 ) (793,217 )
      Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)   (114 )   170
           Total stockholders’ equity   418,852   460,267
           Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 670,038 $ 936,258

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements.

F-3


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

For the Years Ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006

  2008       2007       2006
  (In thousands, except per share data)
Revenues            
      Contract research and development from sanofi-aventis   $ 153,972   $ 51,687   $ 47,763  
      Other contract research and development   38,236     44,916     3,373  
      Contract manufacturing           12,311  
      Technology licensing   40,000     28,421      
      Net product sales     6,249              
     238,457     125,024     63,447  
   
Expenses            
      Research and development   278,016     201,613     137,064  
      Selling, general, and administrative   49,348     37,865     25,892  
      Contract manufacturing             8,146  
      Cost of goods sold     923              
    328,287     239,478       171,102  
 
Loss from operations     (89,830 )   (114,454 )   (107,655 )
 
Other income (expense)            
      Investment income   18,161     20,897     16,548  
      Interest expense   (7,752 )   (12,043 )   (12,043 )
      Loss on early extinguishment of debt     (938 )            
     9,471     8,854     4,505  
       
Net loss before income tax expense and cumulative effect of            
      a change in accounting principle   (80,359 )   (105,600 )   (103,150 )
 
Income tax expense     2,351              
 
Net loss before cumulative effect of a change in accounting            
      principle     (82,710 )   (105,600 )   (103,150 )
 
Cumulative effect of adopting Statement of Financial Accounting            
      Standards No. 123R (“SFAS 123R”)                 813  
 
Net loss   $ (82,710 )   $ (105,600 )   $ (102,337 )
 
Net loss per share, basic and diluted:            
      Net loss before cumulative effect of a change in accounting              
           principle   $ (1.05 ) $ (1.59 ) $ (1.78 )
      Cumulative effect of adopting SFAS 123R                 0.01  
 
      Net loss   $ (1.05 ) $ (1.59 ) $ (1.77 )
 
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted   78,827     66,334     57,970  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements.

F-4


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

For the Years Ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006

Accumulated
Additional Other Total
Class A Stock   Common Stock Paid-in Unearned Accumulated   Comprehensive   Stockholders’   Comprehensive
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Capital     Compensation     Deficit     Income (Loss)     Equity     Loss
(In thousands)
Balance, December 31, 2005 2,347      $ 2      54,092 $ 54     $ 700,011       $ (315 )     $ (585,280 )     $ (470 )   $ 114,002
 
Issuance of Common Stock in a public offering at $23.03 per share                   7,600         8   175,020             175,028
Cost associated with issuance of equity securities (412 ) (412 )
Issuance of Common Stock in connection with
       exercise of stock options, net of shares tendered 1,243 1 10,391 10,392
Issuance of Common Stock in connection with
       Company 401(k) Savings Plan contribution 121 1,884 1,884
Conversion of Class A Stock to Common Stock (77 ) 77
Forfeiture of restricted Common Stock under Long-Term Incentive Plan (2 )
Stock-based compensation expense 18,641 18,641
Adjustment to reduce unearned compensation
       upon adoption of SFAS 123R (315 ) 315
Cumulative effect of adopting SFAS 123R (813 ) (813 )
Net loss, 2006 (102,337 )     (102,337 )     $ (102,337 )
Change in net unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities                        239            239           239     
 
Balance, December 31, 2006 2,270 2 63,131 63 904,407 (687,617 ) (231 ) 216,624 $ (102,098 )
 
Issuance of Common Stock in connection with
       exercise of stock options, net of shares tendered 886 1 7,618 7,619
Issuance of Common Stock to sanofi-aventis 12,000 12 311,988 312,000
Cost associated with issuance of equity securities to sanofi-aventis (219 ) (219 )
Issuance of Common Stock in connection with
       Company 401(k) Savings Plan contribution 65 1,367 1,367
Issuance of restricted Common Stock under Long-Term Incentive Plan 500 1 (1 )
Conversion of Class A Stock to Common Stock (10 ) 10
Stock-based compensation expense 28,075 28,075
Net loss, 2007 (105,600 ) (105,600 ) $ (105,600 )
Change in net unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities 401 401 401
 
Balance, December 31, 2007 2,260 2 76,592 77 1,253,235 (793,217 ) 170 460,267   $ (105,199 )
 
Issuance of Common Stock in connection with
       exercise of stock options, net of shares tendered 980 1 7,948 7,949
Issuance of Common Stock in connection with
       Company 401(k) Savings Plan contribution 59 1,107 1,107
Conversion of Class A Stock to Common Stock (11 ) 11
Stock-based compensation expense 32,523 32,523
Net loss, 2008 (82,710 ) (82,710 ) $ (82,710 )
Change in net unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities (284 ) (284 ) (284 )
 
Balance, December 31, 2008 2,249 $ 2 77,642 $ 78 $ 1,294,813 $ (875,927 ) $ (114 ) $ 418,852 $ (82,994 )

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements.

F -5


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

For the Years Ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006

     2008      2007      2006
( In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities
       Net loss $ (82,710 ) $ (105,600 )   $ (102,337 )
       Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
              Depreciation and amortization 11,287 11,487 14,592  
              Non-cash compensation expense   32,523 28,075 18,675
              Loss on early extinguishment of debt 938  
              Net realized loss on marketable securities 1,310 5,943
              Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle (813 )
              Changes in assets and liabilities
                     (Increase) decrease in accounts receivable (16,892 ) (10,827 ) 29,028
                     (Increase) decrease in prepaid expenses and other assets (6,560 ) (9,649 ) 155
                     Decrease in inventory 3,594
                     (Decrease) increase in deferred revenue (26,834 ) 89,764 60,833
                     (Decrease) increase in accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other liabilities   (2,148 ) 18,179 (652 )
                            Total adjustments (6,376 ) 132,972 125,412
                            Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities   (89,086 ) 27,372 23,075
 
Cash flows from investing activities
       Purchases of marketable securities (581,139 ) (594,446 ) (456,893 )
       Sales or maturities of marketable securities 646,861 527,169 306,199
       Capital expenditures (34,857 ) (18,446 ) (2,811 )
       Increase in restricted cash (50 ) (1,600 )
                            Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities 30,815 (85,723 ) (155,105 )
 
Cash flows from financing activities
       Repurchases or repayment of notes payable (200,807 )
       Net proceeds from the issuance of Common Stock 7,949 319,400 185,008
       Other 390
                            Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities (192,858 ) 319,400 185,398
 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents (251,129 ) 261,049 53,368
 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 498,925 237,876 184,508
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 247,796 $ 498,925 $ 237,876
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
       Cash paid for interest $ 9,348 $ 11,000 $ 11,000
       Cash paid for income taxes $ 3,079

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements.

F-6


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006
(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

1. Organization and Business

      Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company” or “Regeneron”) was incorporated in January 1988 in the State of New York. The Company is engaged in the research, development, and commercialization of therapeutics to treat human disorders and conditions. In 2008, the Company received marketing approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) for the Company’s first commercial drug product, ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) Injection for Subcutaneous Use for the treatment of Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (“CAPS”). The Company’s facilities are primarily located in New York. The Company’s business is subject to certain risks including, but not limited to, uncertainties relating to conducting pharmaceutical research, obtaining regulatory approvals, commercializing products, and obtaining and enforcing patents.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Cash and Cash Equivalents

      For purposes of the statement of cash flows and the balance sheet, the Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments with a maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. The carrying amount reported in the balance sheet for cash and cash equivalents approximates its fair value.

Marketable Securities

      The Company has an investment policy that includes guidelines on acceptable investment securities, minimum credit quality, maturity parameters, and concentration and diversification. The Company generally invests its excess cash in obligations of the U.S. government and its agencies, investment grade debt securities issued by corporations, governments, and financial institutions, bank deposits, asset-backed securities, commercial paper, and money market funds that invest in these instruments. The Company considers its marketable securities to be “available-for-sale,” as defined by Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. (“SFAS”) 115, Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities. These assets are carried at fair value and the unrealized gains and losses are included in other accumulated comprehensive income (loss) as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. If the decline in the value of a marketable security in the Company’s investment portfolio is deemed to be other-than-temporary, the Company writes down the security to its current fair value and recognizes a loss that is charged against income. As described under “Use of Estimates” below, on a quarterly basis, the Company reviews its portfolio of marketable securities, using both quantitative and qualitative factors, to determine if declines in fair value below cost are other-than-temporary.

Capitalization of Inventory Costs

      The Company does not capitalize inventory costs associated with commercial supplies of drug product until it has received marketing approval from the FDA. Prior to receipt of FDA approval, costs for manufacturing supplies of drug product are recognized as research and development expenses in the period that the costs were incurred. Therefore, these pre-approval manufacturing costs are not included in cost of goods sold when revenue is recognized from the sale of those supplies of drug product.

      In February 2008, the Company received marketing approval from the FDA for ARCALYST for the treatment of CAPS. In 2008, subsequent to receipt of such marketing approval, ARCALYST shipments to the Company’s customers consisted of supplies of inventory manufactured and expensed prior to FDA approval. At December 31, 2008, the Company had no inventoried costs related to ARCALYST.

F-7


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006

(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Property, Plant, and Equipment

      Property, plant, and equipment are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs which do not materially extend the useful lives of the assets are charged to expense as incurred. The cost and accumulated depreciation or amortization of assets retired or sold are removed from the respective accounts, and any gain or loss is recognized in operations. The estimated useful lives of property, plant, and equipment are as follows:

Building and improvements   7-30 years  
Laboratory and other equipment   3-5 years  
Furniture and fixtures   5 years  

      Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the estimated useful lives of the assets or the lease term, without assuming renewal features, if any, are exercised. Costs of construction of certain long-lived assets include capitalized interest which is amortized over the estimated useful life of the related asset.

Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

      The Company periodically assesses the recoverability of long-lived assets, such as property, plant, and equipment, and evaluates such assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Asset impairment is determined to exist if estimated future undiscounted cash flows are less than the carrying amount in accordance with SFAS 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets. For all periods presented, no impairment losses were recorded.

Patents

      As a result of the Company’s research and development efforts, the Company has obtained, applied for, or is applying for, a number of patents to protect proprietary technology and inventions. All costs associated with patents are expensed as incurred.

Leases

      The Company accounts for its lease agreements pursuant to SFAS 13, Accounting for Leases. On certain of its lease agreements, the Company may receive rent holidays and other incentives. The Company recognizes lease costs on a straight-line basis without regard to deferred payment terms, such as rent holidays that defer the commencement date of required payments. In addition, lease incentives that the Company receives are treated as a reduction of rent expense over the term of the related agreements.

Revenue Recognition

a. Contract Research and Development Revenue

      The Company recognizes contract research and development revenue and research progress payments in accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin No. (“SAB”) 104, Revenue Recognition and Emerging Issues Task Force No. (“EITF”) 00-21, Accounting for Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables. The Company earns contract research and development revenue and research progress payments in connection with collaboration and other agreements to develop and commercialize product candidates and utilize the Company’s technology platforms. The terms of these agreements typically include non-refundable up-front licensing payments, research progress (milestone) payments, and payments for development activities. Non-refundable up-front license payments, where continuing involvement is required of the Company, are deferred and recognized over the related performance period. The Company estimates its performance period based on the specific terms of each agreement, and adjusts the performance periods, if appropriate, based on the applicable facts and circumstances. Payments which are based on achieving a specific performance milestone, involving a degree of risk, are recognized as revenue when the milestone is achieved and the related payment is due and non-refundable, provided there is no future service obligation

F-8


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006

(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

associated with that milestone. Substantive performance milestones typically consist of significant achievements in the development life-cycle of the related product candidate, such as completion of clinical trials, filing for approval with regulatory agencies, and receipt of approvals by regulatory agencies. In determining whether a payment is deemed to be a substantive performance milestone, the Company takes into consideration (i) the nature, timing, and value of significant achievements in the development life-cycle of the related development product candidate, (ii) the relative level of effort required to achieve the milestone, and (iii) the relative level of risk in achieving the milestone, taking into account the high degree of uncertainty in successfully advancing product candidates in a drug development program and in ultimately attaining an approved drug product. Payments for achieving milestones which are not considered substantive are accounted for as license payments and recognized over the related performance period.

      The Company enters into collaboration agreements that include varying arrangements regarding which parties perform and bear the costs of research and development activities. The Company may share the costs of research and development activities with a collaborator, such as in the Company’s VEGF Trap-Eye collaboration with Bayer HealthCare LLC, or the Company may be reimbursed for all or a significant portion of the costs of the Company’s research and development activities, such as in the Company’s aflibercept and antibody collaborations with the sanofi-aventis Group. The Company records its internal and third-party development costs associated with these collaborations as research and development expenses. When the Company is entitled to reimbursement of all or a portion of the research and development expenses that it incurs under a collaboration, the Company records those reimbursable amounts as contract research and development revenue proportionately as the Company recognizes its expenses. If the collaboration is a cost-sharing arrangement in which both the Company and its collaborator perform development work and share costs, in periods when the Company’s collaborator incurs development expenses that benefit the collaboration and Regeneron, the Company also recognizes, as additional research and development expense, the portion of the collaborator’s development expenses that the Company is obligated to reimburse. In addition, the Company records revenue in connection with a government research grant using a proportional performance model as it incurs expenses related to the grant, subject to the grant’s terms and annual funding approvals.

      In connection with non-refundable licensing payments, the Company’s performance period estimates are principally based on projections of the scope, progress, and results of its research and development activities. Due to the variability in the scope of activities and length of time necessary to develop a drug product, changes to development plans as programs progress, and uncertainty in the ultimate requirements to obtain governmental approval for commercialization, revisions to performance period estimates are likely to occur periodically, and could result in material changes to the amount of revenue recognized each year in the future. In addition, estimated performance periods may change if development programs encounter delays or the Company and its collaborators decide to expand or contract the clinical plans for a drug candidate in various disease indications. For example, for the year ended December 31, 2007, the Company recognized $2.6 million less in contract research and development revenue, compared to amounts recognized in 2006, in connection with non-refundable up-front payments previously received from sanofi-aventis pursuant to the companies’ aflibercept collaboration, due to an extension of the Company’s estimated performance period. In addition, during the fourth quarter of 2008, the Company extended its estimated performance period in connection with the up-front and milestone payments previously received from Bayer HealthCare pursuant to the companies’ VEGF Trap-Eye collaboration and shortened its estimated performance period in connection with up-front payments from sanofi-aventis pursuant to the companies’ aflibercept collaboration. The net effect of these changes in the Company’s estimates resulted in the recognition of $0.4 million less in contract research and development revenue in the fourth quarter of 2008, compared to amounts recognized in connection with these deferred payments in each of the prior three quarters of 2008. Also, if a collaborator terminates an agreement in accordance with the terms of the agreement, the Company would recognize any unamortized remainder of an up-front or previously deferred payment at the time of the termination.

b. Contract Manufacturing

      The Company manufactured product and performed services for a third party under a contract manufacturing agreement which expired in October 2006. Contract manufacturing revenue was recognized as product was shipped and as services were performed.

F-9


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006

(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

c. VelocImmune ® Technology Licensing

      The Company enters into non-exclusive license agreements with third parties that allow the third party to utilize the Company’s VelocImmune technology in its internal research programs. The terms of these agreements include annual, non-refundable payments and entitle the Company to receive royalties on any future sales of products discovered by the third party using the Company’s VelocImmune technology. Annual, non-refundable payments under these agreements, where continuing involvement is required of the Company, are deferred and recognized ratably over their respective annual license periods.

d. Product Revenue

      In February 2008, the Company received marketing approval from the FDA for ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) for the treatment of CAPS. The Company recognizes revenue from product sales in accordance with SAB 104. Revenue from product sales is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, title to product and associated risk of loss has passed to the customer, the price is fixed or determinable, collection from the customer is reasonably assured, and the Company has no further performance obligations. Revenue and deferred revenue from product sales are recorded net of applicable provisions for prompt pay discounts, product returns, estimated rebates payable under governmental programs (including Medicaid), distribution fees, and other sales-related costs. The Company accounts for these reductions in accordance with EITF 01-9, Accounting for Considerations Given by a Vendor to a Customer (Including a Reseller of the Vendor’s Products), and SFAS 48, Revenue Recognition When Right of Return Exists, as applicable. In accordance with EITF 01-9 and SFAS 48, since the Company currently has limited historical return and rebate experience for ARCALYST, product sales revenues are deferred until (i) the right of return no longer exists or the Company can reasonably estimate returns and (ii) rebates have been processed or the Company can reasonably estimate rebates. The Company reviews its estimates of rebates payable each period and records any necessary adjustments in the current period’s net product sales.

Investment Income

      Interest income, which is included in investment income, is recognized as earned.

Research and Development Expenses

      Research and development expenses include costs directly attributable to the conduct of research and development programs, including the cost of salaries, payroll taxes, employee benefits, materials, supplies, depreciation on and maintenance of research equipment, costs related to research collaboration and licensing agreements, the cost of services provided by outside contractors, including services related to the Company’s clinical trials, clinical trial expenses, the full cost of manufacturing drug for use in research, preclinical development, and clinical trials, amounts that the Company is obligated to reimburse to collaborators for research and development expenses that they incur, and the allocable portions of facility costs, such as rent, utilities, insurance, repairs and maintenance, depreciation, and general support services. All costs associated with research and development are expensed as incurred.

      Clinical trial costs are a significant component of research and development expenses and include costs associated with third-party contractors. The Company outsources a substantial portion of its clinical trial activities, utilizing external entities such as contract research organizations, independent clinical investigators, and other third-party service providers to assist the Company with the execution of its clinical studies. For each clinical trial that the Company conducts, certain clinical trial costs are expensed immediately, while others are expensed over time based on the expected total number of patients in the trial, the rate at which patients enter the trial, and the period over which clinical investigators or contract research organizations are expected to provide services.

      Clinical activities which relate principally to clinical sites and other administrative functions to manage the Company’s clinical trials are performed primarily by contract research organizations (“CROs”). CROs typically perform most of the start-up activities for the Company’s trials, including document preparation, site identification, screening and preparation, pre-study visits, training, and program management. On a budgeted basis, these startup costs are typically 10% to 20% of the total contract value. On an actual basis, this percentage range can be

F-10


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006

(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

significantly wider, as many of the Company’s contracts are either expanded or reduced in scope compared to the original budget, while start-up costs for the particular trial may not change materially. These start-up costs usually occur within a few months after the contract has been executed and are event driven in nature. The remaining activities and related costs, such as patient monitoring and administration, generally occur ratably throughout the life of the individual contract or study. In the event of early termination of a clinical trial, the Company accrues and recognizes expenses in an amount based on its estimate of the remaining non-cancelable obligations associated with the winding down of the clinical trial and/or penalties.

      For clinical study sites, where payments are made periodically on a per-patient basis to the institutions performing the clinical study, the Company accrues on an estimated cost-per-patient basis an expense based on subject enrollment and activity in each quarter. The amount of clinical study expense recognized in a quarter may vary from period to period based on the duration and progress of the study, the activities to be performed by the sites each quarter, the required level of patient enrollment, the rate at which patients actually enroll in and drop-out of the clinical study, and the number of sites involved in the study. Clinical trials that bear the greatest risk of change in estimates are typically those that have a significant number of sites, require a large number of patients, have complex patient screening requirements, and span multiple years. During the course of a trial, the Company adjusts its rate of clinical expense recognition if actual results differ from the Company’s estimates. The Company’s estimates and assumptions for clinical expense recognition could differ significantly from its actual results, which could cause material increases or decreases in research and development expenses in future periods when the actual results become known.

Stock-based Employee Compensation

      Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted the provisions of SFAS 123R, Share-Based Payment, which is a revision of SFAS 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation. SFAS 123R focuses primarily on accounting for transactions in which an entity obtains employee services in share-based payment transactions, and requires the recognition of compensation expense in an amount equal to the fair value of the share-based payment (including stock options and restricted stock) issued to employees. SFAS 123R requires companies to estimate, at the time of grant, the number of awards that are expected to be forfeited and to revise this estimate, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. Effective January 1, 2005 and prior to the Company’s adoption of SFAS 123R, the Company recognized the effect of forfeitures in stock-based compensation cost in the period when they occurred, in accordance with SFAS 123. Upon adoption of SFAS 123R effective January 1, 2006, the Company was required to record a cumulative effect adjustment to reflect the effect of estimated forfeitures related to outstanding awards that were not expected to vest as of the SFAS 123R adoption date. This adjustment reduced the Company’s loss by $0.8 million and is included in the Company’s operating results in 2006 as a cumulative-effect adjustment of a change in accounting principle.

Income Taxes

      The Company recognizes deferred tax liabilities and assets for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred tax liabilities and assets are determined on the basis of the difference between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their respective financial reporting amounts (“temporary differences”) at enacted tax rates in effect for the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. A valuation allowance is established for deferred tax assets for which realization is uncertain.

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

      The Company presents comprehensive income (loss) in accordance with SFAS 130, Reporting Comprehensive Income. Comprehensive income (loss) of the Company includes net income (loss) adjusted for the change in net unrealized gain or loss on marketable securities. The net effect of income taxes on comprehensive income (loss) is immaterial. Comprehensive losses for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006 have been included in the Statements of Stockholders’ Equity.

F-11


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006

(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Concentration of Credit Risk

      Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist of cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities (see Note 3), and receivables from sanofi-aventis and Bayer HealthCare (see Note 4).

Per Share Data

      Net income (loss) per share, basic and diluted, is computed on the basis of the net income (loss) for the period divided by the weighted average number of shares of Common Stock and Class A Stock outstanding during the period. Basic net income (loss) per share excludes restricted stock awards until vested. Diluted net income per share is based upon the weighted average number of shares of Common Stock and Class A Stock outstanding, and of common stock equivalents outstanding when dilutive. Common stock equivalents include: (i) outstanding stock options and restricted stock awards under the Company’s Long-Term Incentive Plans, which are included under the “treasury stock method” when dilutive, and (ii) Common Stock to be issued under the assumed conversion of the Company’s formerly outstanding convertible senior subordinated notes, which are included under the “if-converted method” when dilutive. The computation of diluted net loss per share for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006 does not include common stock equivalents, since such inclusion would be antidilutive.

Risks and Uncertainties

      Developing and commercializing new medicines entails significant risk and expense. Since its inception, the Company has not generated any significant sales or profits from the commercialization of ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) or any of the Company’s other product candidates. Before revenues from the commercialization of the Company’s current or future product candidates can be realized, the Company (or its collaborators) must overcome a number of hurdles which include successfully completing research and development and obtaining regulatory approval from the FDA and regulatory authorities in other countries. In addition, the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries are rapidly evolving and highly competitive, and new developments may render the Company’s products and technologies uncompetitive or obsolete. The Company may be subject to legal claims by third parties seeking to enforce patents to limit or prohibit the Company from marketing or selling its products. The Company is also dependent upon the services of its employees, consultants, collaborators, and certain third-party suppliers, including single-source unaffiliated third-party suppliers of certain raw materials and equipment. Regeneron, as licensee, licenses certain technologies that are important to the Company’s business which impose various obligations on the Company. If Regeneron fails to comply with these requirements, licensors may have the right to terminate the Company’s licenses.

      The Company has generally incurred net losses and negative cash flows from operations since its inception. Revenues to date have principally been limited to (i) up-front, license, milestone, and reimbursement payments from the Company’s collaborators and other entities related to the Company’s development activities and technology platforms, (ii) payments for past contract manufacturing activities, (iii) ARCALYST product sales, and (iv) investment income. Contract research and development revenue in 2008 was primarily earned from sanofi-aventis and Bayer HealthCare under collaboration agreements (see Note 10 for the terms of these agreements). These collaboration agreements contain early termination provisions that are exercisable by sanofi-aventis or Bayer HealthCare, as applicable.

Use of Estimates

      The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates which could have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements include:

  • Periods over which payments, including non-refundable up-front, license, and milestone payments, are recognized as revenue in connection with collaboration and other agreements to develop and commercialize product candidates and utilize the Company’s technology platforms.

F-12


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006

(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

  • Product rebates and returns in connection with the recognition of revenue from product sales.
     
  • Periods over which certain clinical trial costs, including costs for clinical activities performed by contract research organizations, are recognized as research and development expenses.
     
  • The fair value of stock options on their date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, based on assumptions with respect to (a) expected volatility of the Company’s Common Stock price, (b) the periods of time for which employees and members of the Company’s board of directors are expected to hold their options prior to exercise (expected lives), (c) expected dividend yield on the Company’s Common Stock, and (d) risk-free interest rates, which are based on quoted U.S. Treasury rates for securities with maturities approximating the options’ expected lives. In addition, in connection with the recognition of stock-based employee compensation expense, the Company is required to estimate, at the time of grant, the number of stock option awards that are expected to be forfeited.
     
  • The Company’s determination of whether marketable securities are other than temporarily impaired. The Company conducts a quarterly review of its portfolio of marketable securities, using both quantitative and qualitative factors, to determine, for securities whose current fair value is less than their cost, whether the decline in fair value below cost is other-than-temporary. In making this determination, the Company considers factors such as the length of time and the extent to which fair value has been less than cost, financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer, recommendations of investment advisors, and forecasts of economic, market, or industry trends. This review process also includes an evaluation of the Company’s ability and intent to hold individual securities until they mature or their full value can be recovered. This review is subjective and requires a high degree of judgment.
     
  • Useful lives of property, plant, and equipment.
     
  • The extent to which deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset by a valuation allowance.

Future Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Standards

      In November 2007, the Emerging Issues Task Force issued Statement No. 07-1, Accounting for Collaborative Arrangements (“EITF 07-1”). EITF 07-01 defines collaborative arrangements and establishes reporting requirements for transactions between participants in a collaborative arrangement and between participants in the arrangement and third parties. EITF 07-1 also establishes the appropriate income statement presentation and classification for joint operating activities and payments between participants, as well as the sufficiency of the disclosures related to these arrangements. EITF 07-1 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and will be applied retrospectively as a change in accounting principle for collaborative arrangements existing at the effective date. The Company is required to adopt EITF 07-1 for the fiscal year beginning January 1, 2009. Management does not anticipate that the adoption of EITF 07-1 will have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

      In March 2008, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued SFAS 161, Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities – an Amendment of FASB Statement 133. SFAS 161 enhances required disclosures regarding derivatives and hedging activities, including enhanced disclosures regarding how (a) an entity uses derivative instruments, (b) derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for under SFAS 133, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities, and (c) derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entity’s financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. SFAS 161 is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after November 15, 2008. The Company is required to adopt SFAS 161 for the fiscal year beginning January 1, 2009. Management does not anticipate that the adoption of SFAS 161 will have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

      In April 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position (“FSP”) FAS 142-3, Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets. This FSP amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. The intent of this FSP is to improve the consistency between the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS 142 and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the asset

F-13


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006

(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

under SFAS 141R under this and other generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). This FSP is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. Early adoption is prohibited. The Company is required to adopt FSP FAS 142-3 for the fiscal year beginning January 1, 2009. Management does not anticipate that the adoption of this FSP will have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

3. Marketable Securities

      Marketable securities at December 31, 2008 and 2007 consisted of debt securities, as detailed below, and, in 2008, equity securities whose fair value was $3.7 million and cost was $4.1 million. The following tables summarize the amortized cost basis of debt securities included in marketable securities, the aggregate fair value of those securities, and gross unrealized holding gains and losses on those securities at December 31, 2008 and 2007:

Amortized Fair Unrealized Holding
At December 31, 2008        Cost Basis      Value      Gains      (Losses)      Net
Maturities within one year
       U.S. government obligations $ 170,993 $ 172,253 $ 1,260 $ 1,260  
       Corporate bonds 26,893 26,661 25 $ (257 )   (232 )
       Asset-backed securities 16,939 16,248   (691 ) (691 )
       U.S. government guaranteed collateralized mortgage obligations 11,742 11,792   50 50
    226,567     226,954   1,335 (948 ) 387
 
Maturities between one and three years
       U.S. government guaranteed corporate bonds 29,853 29,811 82 (124 ) (42 )
       Corporate bonds 10,446 10,414 77 (109 ) (32 )
       Asset-backed securities 1,821 1,556 (265 ) (265 )
       U.S. government guaranteed collateralized mortgage obligations 5,296 5,569 273 273
47,416 47,350 432 (498 ) (66 )
$ 273,983 $ 274,304 $ 1,767 $ (1,446 ) $ 321
 
At December 31, 2007  
Maturities within one year
       U.S. government obligations $ 50,386 $ 50,475 $ 89 $ 89
       Corporate and municipal bonds 69,213 69,263 74 $ (24 ) 50
       Asset-backed securities 32,671 32,388 42 (325 ) (283 )
       U.S. government guaranteed collateralized mortgage obligations 41,268 41,318 57 (7 ) 50
       Commercial paper 64,846 64,870 25 (1 ) 24
       Certificates of deposit 9,220 9,218 (2 ) (2 )
267,604 267,532 287 (359 ) (72 )
 
Maturities between one and two years
       Corporate and municipal bonds 49,724 49,947 289 (66 ) 223
       Asset-backed securities 12,949 12,838 34 (145 ) (111 )
       U.S. government guaranteed collateralized mortgage obligations 7,346 7,485 139 139
       Commercial paper 7,952 7,952
77,971 78,222 462 (211 ) 251
$ 345,575 $ 345,754 $ 749 $ (570 ) $ 179

F-14


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006
(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

      At December 31, 2008, marketable securities included an additional unrealized holding loss of $0.4 million related to one equity security in the Company’s marketable securities portfolio. At December 31, 2007, cash equivalents included an unrealized holding loss of $9 thousand.

      The following table shows the fair value of the Company’s marketable securities that have unrealized losses and that are deemed to be only temporarily impaired, aggregated by investment category and length of time that the individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position, at December 31, 2008 and 2007. The debt securities listed at December 31, 2008 mature at various dates through December 2011.

  Less than 12 Months 12 Months or Greater Total
          Unrealized               Unrealized               Unrealized
At December 31, 2008   Fair Value Loss Fair Value Loss Fair Value   Loss
Corporate bonds   $15,559   $(287 )   $  2,933   $  (79 )   $18,492   $   (366 )
Government guaranteed              
      corporate bonds 11,300 (124 )     11,300   (124 )
Asset-backed securities 8,700 (87 ) 9,104 (869 ) 17,804   (956 )
Equity securities 3,608 (436 )        3,608   (436 )
    $39,167   $(934 )   $12,037   $(948 )   $51,204     $(1,882 )
 
At December 31, 2007                
Corporate and municipal bonds   $36,979   $  (89 )   $  3,056   $    (1 )   $40,035   $     (90 )
Asset backed securities 18,674 (360 ) 5,566 (109 ) 24,240   (469 )
U.S. government guaranteed              
      collateralized mortgage                  
      obligation             6,824   (7 )     6,824     (7 )
Commercial paper   14,950   (2 )               14,950     (2 )
Certificates of deposit 9,218     (2 )              9,218   (2 )
    $79,821   $(453 )     $15,446   $(117 )     $95,267     $   (570 )  

      Realized gains and losses are included as a component of investment income. For the year ended December 31, 2008, realized gains on sales of marketable securities totaled $1.2 million and realized losses on sales of marketable securities were not significant. For the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006, realized gains and losses on sales of marketable securities were not significant. In computing realized gains and losses, the Company computes the cost of its investments on a specific identification basis. Such cost includes the direct costs to acquire the security, adjusted for the amortization of any discount or premium.

      In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS 157, Fair Value Measurements. SFAS 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. The Company adopted the provisions of SFAS 157 for financial instruments as of January 1, 2008. Although the adoption of SFAS 157 did not materially impact the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows, the Company is now required to provide additional disclosures as part of its financial statements. In addition, in October 2008, the FASB issued FSP 157-3, Determining the Fair Value of a Financial Asset When the Market for That Asset Is Not Active, which clarifies the application of SFAS 157 in a market that is not active. FSP 157-3 also reaffirms the notion of fair value as an exit price as of the measurement date. FSP 157-3 was effective upon issuance for financial statements that had not yet been issued and adopted by the Company for the year ended December 31, 2008.

      SFAS 157 establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. The three tiers are Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.

F-15


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006
(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

      The Company’s assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis, and that are subject to the disclosure requirements of SFAS 157 at December 31, 2008, were as follows:

                Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
      Quoted Prices in               Significant
  Fair Value at Active Markets for   Significant Other Unobservable
  December 31,   Identical Assets Observable Inputs Inputs
Description   2008 (Level 1) (Level 2)   (Level 3)
Available-for-sale marketable securities     $278,015   $3,608   $ 274,307   $100

      Marketable securities included in Level 2 above were valued using a market approach utilizing prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets. During the year ended December 31, 2008, deterioration in the credit quality of a marketable security from one issuer subjected the Company to the risk of not being able to recover the security’s principal value. As a result, the Company recognized a $1.8 million charge related to this Level 2 marketable security, which the Company considered to be other than temporarily impaired.

      Marketable securities included in Level 3 above were valued using information provided by the Company’s investment advisors, including quoted bid prices which take into consideration the securities’ current lack of liquidity. During the year ended December 31, 2007, deterioration in the credit quality of marketable securities from two issuers subjected the Company to the risk of not being able to recover the full principal value of these securities. As a result, the Company recognized a $5.9 million charge related to these marketable securities, which the Company considered to be other than temporarily impaired. During the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company recognized an additional $0.7 million other-than-temporary impairment charge related to one of these marketable securities.

      Changes in marketable securities included in Level 3 above during the twelve month period ended December 31, 2008 were as follows:

  Level 3
  Marketable
  Securities
Balance, January 1, 2008      $7,950  
Settlements     (8,194 )  
Realized gain     1,044  
Impairments     (700 )  
Balance, December 31, 2008      $   100  

      There were no unrealized gains or losses related to the Company’s Level 3 marketable securities for the year ended December 31, 2008. In addition, there were no purchases of Level 3 marketable securities and no transfers of marketable securities between the Level 2 and Level 3 classifications during the period.

      As described in Note 2 above under “Use of Estimates”, on a quarterly basis, the Company reviews its portfolio of marketable securities, using both quantitative and qualitative factors, to determine if declines in fair value below cost are other-than-temporary. As a result of these quarterly reviews, in 2008 and 2007, the Company recorded charges for other-than-temporary impairment of its marketable securities totaling $2.5 million and $5.9 million, respectively, as described above, which are included as a component of investment income. However, the current economic environment, the deterioration in the credit quality of some of the issuers of securities that the Company holds, and the recent volatility of securities markets increase the risk that there could be further declines in the market value of marketable securities in the Company’s investment portfolio and that such declines could result in additional charges against income in future periods for other-than-temporary impairments, and such amounts could be material.

F-16


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006
(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

4. Accounts Receivable

      Accounts receivable as of December 31, 2008 and 2007 consist of the following:

        2008       2007
Receivable from sanofi-aventis (see Note 10)   $33,302   $14,244
Receivable from Bayer HealthCare (see Note 10)       2,797
Other 1,910 1,279
    $35,212   $18,320

5. Property, Plant, and Equipment

      Property, plant, and equipment as of December 31, 2008 and 2007 consist of the following:

  2008       2007
Land $ 2,117   $ 2,117  
Building and improvements   74,343   66,208  
Leasehold improvements   2,720   13,982  
Construction-in-progress   24,520   4,677  
Laboratory and other equipment   75,935       61,717  
Furniture, computer and office equipment, and other   7,501     6,080  
    187,136   154,781  
Less, accumulated depreciation and amortization   (99,283 )   (96,477 )
  $ 87,853   $ 58,304  

      Construction-in-progress at December 31, 2008 included $13.4 million of tenant improvement and equipment costs in connection with the Company’s new leased facilities in Tarrytown, New York that are currently under construction. See Note 9a.

      Depreciation and amortization expense on property, plant, and equipment amounted to $10.6 million, $10.4 million, and $14.3 million for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively. Included in these amounts was $0.7 million of depreciation and amortization expense related to contract manufacturing that was capitalized into inventory for the year ended December 31, 2006.

6. Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses

      Accounts payable and accrued expenses as of December 31, 2008 and 2007 consist of the following:

  2008       2007
Accounts payable $ 6,268 $ 8,128
Payable due to Bayer HealthCare (see Note 10) 9,799   4,892
Accrued payroll and related costs   5,948 14,514
Accrued clinical trial expense 4,273   5,609
Accrued expenses, other 9,880 3,797
Interest payable on convertible notes        2,292
  $ 36,168 $ 39,232

F-17


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006
(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

7. Deferred Revenue

      Deferred revenue as of December 31, 2008 and 2007 consists of the following:

  2008       2007
Current portion:    
      Received from sanofi-aventis (see Note 10) $ 21,390 $ 18,855
      Received from Bayer HealthCare (see Note 10) 9,884 13,179
      Received for technology license agreements (see Note 11) 11,579 11,579
      Other   4,651   819
  $ 47,504 $ 44,432
Long-term portion:    
      Received from sanofi-aventis (see Note 10) $ 105,586   $ 126,431
      Received from Bayer HealthCare (see Note 10)   56,835   65,896
  $ 162,421 $ 192,327

8. Stockholders Equity

      The Company’s Restated Certificate of Incorporation provides for the issuance of up to 40 million shares of Class A Stock, par value $0.001 per share, and 160 million shares of Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share. Shares of Class A Stock are convertible, at any time, at the option of the holder into shares of Common Stock on a share-for-share basis. Holders of Class A Stock have rights and privileges identical to Common Stockholders except that each share of Class A is entitled to ten votes per share, while each share of Common Stock is entitled to one vote per share. Class A Stock may only be transferred to specified Permitted Transferees, as defined. Under the Company’s Restated Certificate of Incorporation, the Company’s board of directors (the “Board”) is authorized to issue up to 30 million shares of preferred stock, in series, with rights, privileges, and qualifications of each series determined by the Board.

      In November 2006, the Company completed a public offering of 7.6 million shares of Common Stock at a price of $23.03 per share and received proceeds, after expenses, of $174.6 million.

      In September 2003, sanofi-aventis purchased 2,799,552 newly issued, unregistered shares of the Company’s Common Stock for $45.0 million. See Note 10.

      In December 2007, sanofi-aventis purchased 12 million newly issued, unregistered shares of the Company’s Common Stock for an aggregate cash price of $312.0 million. As a condition to the closing of this transaction, sanofi-aventis entered into an investor agreement with the Company. Under the investor agreement, sanofi-aventis has three demand rights to require the Company to use all reasonable efforts to conduct a registered underwritten public offering with respect to shares of the Company’s Common Stock beneficially owned by sanofi-aventis immediately after the closing of the transaction. Until the later of the fifth anniversaries of the expiration or earlier termination of the License and Collaboration Agreement under the Company’s antibody collaboration with sanofi-aventis (see Note 10) and the Company’s collaboration agreement with sanofi-aventis for the development and commercialization of aflibercept (see Note 10), sanofi-aventis will be bound by certain “standstill” provisions. These provisions include an agreement not to acquire more than a specified percentage of the outstanding shares of the Company’s Class A Stock and Common Stock. The percentage is currently 25% and will increase to 30% after December 20, 2011. Sanofi-aventis has also agreed not to dispose of any shares of the Company’s Common Stock that were beneficially owned by sanofi-aventis immediately after the closing of the transaction until December 20, 2012, subject to certain limited exceptions. Following December 20, 2012, sanofi-aventis will be permitted to sell shares of the Company’s Common Stock (i) in a registered underwritten public offering undertaken pursuant to the demand registration rights granted to sanofi-aventis and described above, subject to the underwriter’s broad distribution of securities sold, (ii) pursuant to Rule 144 under the Securities Act and transactions exempt from registration under the Securities Act, subject to a volume limitation of one million shares of the Company’s Common Stock every three months and a prohibition on selling to beneficial owners, or persons that would become beneficial owners as a result of such sale, of 5% or

F-18


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006
(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

more of the outstanding shares of the Company’s Common Stock, and (iii) into an issuer tender offer, or a tender offer by a third party that is recommended or not opposed by the Company’s Board of Directors. Sanofi-aventis has agreed to vote, and cause its affiliates to vote, all shares of the Company’s voting securities they are entitled to vote, at sanofi-aventis’ election, either as recommended by the Company’s Board of Directors or proportionally with the votes cast by the Company’s other shareholders, except with respect to certain change of control transactions, liquidation or dissolution, stock issuances equal to or exceeding 10% of the then outstanding shares or voting rights of the Company’s Class A Stock and Common Stock, and new equity compensation plans or amendments if not materially consistent with the Company’s historical equity compensation practices. The rights and restrictions under the investor agreement are subject to termination upon the occurrence of certain events.

9. Commitments and Contingencies

a. Operating Leases

      The Company currently leases laboratory and office facilities in Tarrytown, New York under operating lease agreements. In December 2006, the Company entered into a new operating lease agreement to lease laboratory and office space that is now under construction and expected to be completed in mid-2009 at the Company’s current Tarrytown location, plus retain a portion of the Company’s existing space. In October 2007 and September 2008, the Company amended the December 2006 operating lease agreement to increase the amount of new and existing space to be leased. The term of the lease commenced effective June 30, 2008 and will expire in June 2024. Under the new lease the Company also has various options and rights on additional space at the Tarrytown site, and will continue to lease its present facilities until the new facilities are ready for occupancy. In addition, the lease contains three renewal options to extend the term of the lease by five years each and early termination options for the Company’s retained facilities only. The lease provides for monthly payments over the term of the lease related to the Company’s retained facilities, the costs of construction and tenant improvements for the Company’s new facilities, and additional charges for utilities, taxes, and operating expenses.

      In connection with the new lease agreement, in December 2006, the Company issued a letter of credit in the amount of $1.6 million to its landlord, which is collateralized by a $1.6 million bank certificate of deposit. The certificate of deposit has been classified as restricted cash at December 31, 2008 and 2007.

      In November 2007, the Company entered into a new operating sublease for additional office space in Tarrytown, New York. The lease expires in September 2009 and contains two renewal options to extend the term of the sublease by three months each. In April 2008, the Company entered into a new operating sublease for additional office space located in Tarrytown, New York. The lease expires in March 2010 and contains one renewal option to extend the term of the sublease by six months. In October 2008 the Company entered into a new sublease with sanofi-aventis U.S. Inc. for office space in Bridgewater, New Jersey. The lease commences in January 2009 and expires in July 2011.

      The Company formerly leased manufacturing, office, and warehouse facilities in Rensselaer, New York under an operating lease agreement. The lease provided for base rent plus additional rental charges for utilities, taxes, and operating expenses, as defined. In June 2007, the Company exercised a purchase option under the lease and, in October 2007, purchased the land and building.

      The Company leases certain laboratory and office equipment under operating leases which expire at various times through 2011.

F-19


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006
(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

      Based, in part, upon budgeted construction and tenant improvement costs related to our new operating lease for facilities that are under construction in Tarrytown, New York, as described above, at December 31, 2008, the estimated future minimum noncancelable lease commitments under operating leases were as follows:

December 31,         Facilities       Equipment       Total
2009 $ 8,707   $419 $ 9,126
2010 13,121 241 13,362
2011   13,252   146   13,398
2012   13,428         13,428
2013 13,764   13,764
Thereafter     166,973     166,973
  $ 229,245   $806 $ 230,051

      Rent expense under operating leases was:

Year Ending December 31,         Facilities       Equipment       Total
2008   $10,111   $416   $10,527
2007   4,632     363 4,995
2006 4,492   307 4,799

      As described above, the term of the Company’s operating lease for its new facilities in Tarrytown, New York commenced in mid-2008; as a result, the Company began recognizing rent expense in connection with this new lease, even though actual rent payments will not commence until August 2009. In addition to its rent expense for various facilities, the Company paid additional rental charges for utilities, real estate taxes, and operating expenses of $8.4 million, $8.8 million, and $8.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively.

b. Convertible Debt

      In October 2001, the Company issued $200.0 million aggregate principal amount of convertible senior subordinated notes (“Notes”) in a private placement for proceeds to the Company of $192.7 million, after deducting the initial purchasers’ discount and out-of-pocket expenses (collectively, “Deferred Financing Costs”). The Notes bore interest at 5.5% per annum, payable semi-annually, and matured on October 17, 2008. Deferred Financing Costs, which were included in other assets, were amortized as interest expense over the period from the Notes’ issuance to stated maturity. During the second and third quarters of 2008, the Company repurchased $82.5 million in principal amount of the Notes for $83.3 million and recognized a $0.9 million loss on early extinguishment of debt, representing the premium paid on the Notes plus related unamortized Deferred Financing Costs. The remaining $117.5 million of outstanding Notes were repaid in full upon their maturity in October 2008.

c. Research Collaboration and Licensing Agreements

      As part of the Company’s research and development efforts, the Company enters into research collaboration and licensing agreements with related and unrelated companies, scientific collaborators, universities, and consultants. These agreements contain varying terms and provisions which include fees and milestones to be paid by the Company, services to be provided, and ownership rights to certain proprietary technology developed under the agreements. Some of the agreements contain provisions which require the Company to pay royalties, as defined, at rates that range from 0.25% to 16.5%, in the event the Company sells or licenses any proprietary products developed under the respective agreements.

      Certain agreements under which the Company is required to pay fees permit the Company, upon 30 to 90-day written notice, to terminate such agreements. With respect to payments associated with these agreements, the Company incurred expenses of $3.5 million, $1.0 million, and $1.1 million for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively.

F-20


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006
(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

      In connection with the Company’s receipt of marketing approval from the FDA for ARCALYST ® (rilonacept) for the treatment of CAPS, in 2008, the Company commenced paying royalties under various licensing agreements based on ARCALYST net product sales. For the year ended December 31, 2008, ARCALYST royalties totaled $0.6 million and are included in cost of goods sold.

      In July 2008, the Company and Cellectis S.A. (“Cellectis”) entered into an Amended and Restated Non-Exclusive License Agreement (the “Cellectis Agreement”). The Cellectis Agreement resolved a dispute between the parties related to the interpretation of a license agreement entered into by the parties in December 2003 pursuant to which the Company licensed certain patents and patent applications from Cellectis. Pursuant to the Cellectis Agreement, in July 2008, the Company made a non-refundable $12.5 million payment to Cellectis (the “Cellectis Payment”) and agreed to pay Cellectis a low single-digit royalty based on revenue received by the Company from any future licenses or sales of the Company’s VelociGene ® or VelocImmune ® products and services. No royalties are payable with respect to the Company’s VelocImmune license agreements with AstraZeneca UK Limited (“AstraZeneca”) and Astellas Pharma Inc. (“Astellas”) or the Company’s November 2007 collaboration with sanofi-aventis. Moreover, no royalties are payable on any revenue from commercial sales of antibodies from the Company’s VelocImmune technology.

      The Company began amortizing the Cellectis Payment in the second quarter of 2008 in proportion to past and future anticipated revenues under the Company’s license agreements with AstraZeneca and Astellas and the Discovery and Preclinical Development Agreement under the Company’s November 2007 collaboration with sanofi-aventis. In 2008, the Company recognized $2.7 million of expense in connection with the Cellectis Payment.

10. Research and Development Agreements

      The Company has entered into various agreements related to its activities to develop and commercialize product candidates and utilize its technology platforms. Amounts earned by the Company in connection with these agreements, which were recognized as contract research and development revenue, totaled $192.2 million, $96.6 million, and $51.1 million in 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively. Total Company incurred expenses associated with these agreements, which include reimbursable and non-reimbursable amounts, an allocable portion of general and administrative costs, and cost-sharing of a collaborator’s development expenses, where applicable (see Bayer HealthCare below), were $230.6 million, $108.2 million and $43.4 million in 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively. Significant agreements of this kind are described below.

a. The sanofi-aventis Group

Aflibercept

      In September 2003, the Company entered into a collaboration agreement (the “Aventis Agreement”) with Aventis Pharmaceuticals Inc. (predecessor to sanofi-aventis U.S.), to jointly develop and commercialize aflibercept. In connection with this agreement, sanofi-aventis made a non-refundable up-front payment of $80.0 million and purchased 2,799,552 newly issued unregistered shares of the Company’s Common Stock for $45.0 million.

      In January 2005, the Company and sanofi-aventis amended the Aventis Agreement to exclude intraocular delivery of aflibercept to the eye (“Intraocular Delivery”) from joint development under the agreement, and product rights to aflibercept in Intraocular Delivery reverted to Regeneron. In connection with this amendment, sanofi-aventis made a $25.0 million non-refundable payment to Regeneron (the “Intraocular Termination Payment”) in January 2005.

      In December 2005, the Company and sanofi-aventis amended the Aventis Agreement to expand the territory in which the companies are collaborating on the development of aflibercept to include Japan. In connection with this amendment, sanofi-aventis agreed to make a $25.0 million non-refundable up-front payment to the Company, which was received in January 2006. Under the Aventis Agreement, as amended, the Company and sanofi-aventis will share co-promotion rights and profits on sales, if any, of aflibercept outside of Japan, for disease indications included in the companies’ collaboration. The Company is entitled to a royalty of approximately 35% on annual sales of aflibercept in Japan, subject to certain potential adjustments. The Company may also receive up to $400 million in milestone

F-21


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006
(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

payments upon receipt of specified marketing approvals, including up to $360 million in milestone payments related to the receipt of marketing approvals for up to eight aflibercept oncology and other indications in the United States or the European Union and up to $40 million related to receipt of marketing approvals for up to five aflibercept oncology indications in Japan.

      Under the Aventis Agreement, as amended, agreed upon worldwide development expenses incurred by both companies during the term of the agreement will be funded by sanofi-aventis. If the collaboration becomes profitable, Regeneron will be obligated to reimburse sanofi-aventis for 50% of these development expenses, or half of $446.5 million as of December 31, 2008, in accordance with a formula based on the amount of development expenses and Regeneron’s share of the collaboration profits and Japan royalties, or at a faster rate at Regeneron’s option. Regeneron has the option to conduct additional pre-Phase III studies at its own expense. In connection with the January 2005 amendment to the Aventis Agreement, the Intraocular Termination Payment of $25.0 million will be considered an aflibercept development expense and will be subject to 50% reimbursement by Regeneron to sanofi-aventis, as described above, if the collaboration becomes profitable. In addition, if the first commercial sale of an aflibercept product in Intraocular Delivery predates the first commercial sale of an aflibercept product under the collaboration by two years, Regeneron will begin reimbursing sanofi-aventis for up to $7.5 million of aflibercept development expenses in accordance with a formula until the first commercial aflibercept sale under the collaboration occurs.

      Sanofi-aventis has the right to terminate the agreement without cause with at least twelve months advance notice. Upon termination of the agreement for any reason, Regeneron’s obligation to reimburse sanofi-aventis, for 50% of aflibercept development expenses will terminate, and the Company will retain all rights to aflibercept.

      Revenue related to payments from sanofi-aventis under the Aventis Agreement, as amended, is being recognized in accordance with SAB 104 and EITF 00-21 (see Note 2). The up-front payments received in September 2003 and January 2006, of $80.0 million and $25.0 million, respectively, and reimbursement of Regeneron-incurred development expenses, are being recognized as contract research and development revenue over the related performance period. The Company recognized $44.4 million, $47.1 million, and $47.8 million of contract research and development revenue in 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively, in connection with the Aventis Agreement, as amended. At December 31, 2008 and 2007, amounts receivable from sanofi-aventis totaled $6.3 million and $10.5 million, respectively, and deferred revenue was $52.4 million and $61.2 million, respectively, in connection with the Aventis Agreement.

Antibodies

      In November 2007, the Company entered into a global, strategic collaboration (the “Antibody Collaboration”) with sanofi-aventis to discover, develop, and commercialize fully human monoclonal antibodies. In connection with the collaboration, in December 2007, sanofi-aventis purchased 12 million newly issued; unregistered shares of the Company’s Common Stock for $312.0 million (see Note 8).

      The Antibody Collaboration is governed by a Discovery and Preclinical Development Agreement (the “Discovery Agreement”) and a License and Collaboration Agreement (the “License Agreement”). The Company received a non-refundable up-front payment of $85.0 million from sanofi-aventis under the Discovery Agreement. In addition, sanofi-aventis will fund up to $475 million of the Company’s research for identifying and validating potential drug discovery targets and developing fully human monoclonal antibodies against such targets through December 31, 2012, subject to specified funding limits of $75 million for the period from the collaboration’s inception through December 31, 2008, and $100 million annually in each of the next four years. The Discovery Agreement will expire on December 31, 2012; however, sanofi-aventis has an option to extend the agreement for up to an additional three years for further antibody development and preclinical activities.

      For each drug candidate identified under the Discovery Agreement, sanofi-aventis has the option to license rights to the candidate under the License Agreement. If it elects to do so, sanofi-aventis will co-develop the drug candidate with the Company through product approval. If sanofi-aventis does not exercise its option to license rights to a particular drug candidate under the License Agreement, the Company will retain the exclusive right to develop and commercialize such drug candidate, and sanofi-aventis will receive a royalty on sales, if any. The first three therapeutic antibodies that are being co-developed by the Company and sanofi-aventis under the License Agreement are REGN88, REGN421, and REGN475.

F-22


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006
(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

      Under the License Agreement, agreed upon worldwide development expenses incurred by both companies during the term of the agreement will be funded by sanofi-aventis, except that following receipt of the first positive Phase 3 trial results for a co-developed drug candidate, subsequent Phase 3 trial-related costs for that drug candidate (“Shared Phase 3 Trial Costs”) will be shared 80% by sanofi-aventis and 20% by Regeneron. If the Antibody Collaboration becomes profitable, Regeneron will be obligated to reimburse sanofi-aventis for 50% of development expenses that were fully funded by sanofi-aventis (or half of $27.8 million as of December 31, 2008) and 30% of Shared Phase 3 Trial Costs, in accordance with a defined formula based on the amounts of these expenses and the Company’s share of collaboration profits from commercialization of collaboration products.

      Sanofi-aventis will lead commercialization activities for products developed under the License Agreement, subject to the Company’s right to co-promote such products. The parties will equally share profits and losses from sales within the United States. The parties will share profits outside the United States on a sliding scale based on sales starting at 65% (sanofi-aventis)/35% (Regeneron) and ending at 55% (sanofi-aventis)/45% (Regeneron), and losses outside the United States at 55% (sanofi-aventis)/45% (Regeneron). In addition to profit sharing, the Company is entitled to receive up to $250 million in sales milestone payments, with milestone payments commencing only if and after aggregate annual sales outside the United States exceed $1.0 billion on a rolling 12-month basis.

      Regeneron is obligated to use commercially reasonable efforts to supply clinical requirements of each drug candidate under the Antibody Collaboration until commercial supplies of that drug candidate are being manufactured.

      With respect to each antibody product which enters development under the License Agreement, sanofi-aventis or the Company may, by giving twelve months notice, opt-out of further development and/or commercialization of the product, in which event the other party retains exclusive rights to continue the development and/or commercialization of the product. The Company may also opt-out of the further development of an antibody product if it gives notice to sanofi-aventis within thirty days of the date that sanofi-aventis enters joint development of such antibody product under the License Agreement. Each of the Discovery Agreement and the License Agreement contains other termination provisions, including for material breach by the other party and, in the case of the Discovery Agreement, a termination right for sanofi-aventis under certain circumstances, including if certain minimal criteria for the discovery program are not achieved. Prior to December 31, 2012, sanofi-aventis has the right to terminate the Discovery Agreement without cause with at least three months advance written notice; however, except under defined circumstances, sanofi-aventis would be obligated to immediately pay to the Company the full amount of unpaid research funding during the remaining term of the research agreement through December 31, 2012. Upon termination of the collaboration in its entirety, the Company’s obligation to reimburse sanofi-aventis for development costs out of any future profits from collaboration products will terminate. Upon expiration of the Discovery Agreement, sanofi-aventis has an option to license the Company’s VelocImmune ® technology for agreed upon consideration.

      In connection with the Antibody Collaboration, in August 2008, the Company entered into a separate agreement with sanofi-aventis to use Regeneron’s proprietary VelociGene ® technology platform to supply sanofi-aventis with genetically modified mammalian models of gene function and disease (the “ VelociGene Agreement”). The VelociGene Agreement provides for minimum annual order quantities for the term of the agreement which extends through December 2012, for which the Company expects to receive payments totaling a minimum of $21.5 million.

      Revenue related to payments from sanofi-aventis under the Antibody Collaboration is being recognized in accordance with SAB 104 and EITF 00-21 (see Note 2). The (i) $85.0 million up-front payment received in December 2007, (ii) reimbursement of Regeneron-incurred expenses under the Discovery and License Agreements, and (iii) $21.5 million of aggregate minimum payments under the VelociGene Agreement are being recognized as contract research and development revenue over the related performance period. In connection with the Antibody Collaboration, the Company recognized $109.6 million and $4.6 million of contract research and development revenue in 2008 and 2007, respectively. In addition, at December 31, 2008 and 2007, amounts receivable from sanofi-aventis totaled $27.0 million and $3.7 million and deferred revenue was $74.6 million and $84.1 million, respectively.

F-23


REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006
(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

b. Bayer HealthCare LLC

      In October 2006, the Company entered into a license and collaboration agreement with Bayer HealthCare LLC to globally develop, and commercialize outside the United States, the Company’s VEGF Trap for the treatment of eye disease by local administration (“VEGF Trap-Eye”). Under the terms of the agreement, Bayer HealthCare made a non-refundable up-front payment to the Company of $75.0 million. In addition, the Company is eligible to receive up to $110 million in development and regulatory milestones related to the VEGF Trap-Eye program, of which the Company received a $20.0 million milestone payment in August 2007 in connection with the initiation of a Phase 3 trial of VEGF Trap-Eye in the neovascular form of age-related macular degeneration (“wet AMD”). The Company is also eligible to receive up to an additional $135 million in sales milestones when and if total annual sales of VEGF Trap-Eye outside the United States achieve certain specified levels starting at $200 million.

      The Company will share equally with Bayer HealthCare in any future profits arising from the commercialization of VEGF Trap-Eye outside the United States. If VEGF Trap-Eye is granted marketing authorization in a major market country outside the United States and the collaboration becomes profitable, the Company will be obligated to reimburse Bayer HealthCare out of its share of the collaboration profits for 50% of the agreed upon development expenses that Bayer HealthCare has incurred (or half of $63.0 million as of December 31, 2008) in accordance with a formula based on the amount of development expenses that Bayer HealthCare has incurred and the Company’s share of the collaboration profits, or at a faster rate at the Company’s option. Within the United States, the Company is responsible for any future commercialization of VEGF Trap-Eye and retains exclusive rights to any future profits from commercialization.

      Agreed upon VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses incurred by both companies in 2007 and 2008 under a global development plan, were shared as follows:

      2007:  

The first $50.0 million was shared equally and the Company was solely responsible for up to the next $40.0 million.

      
2008:

The first $70.0 million was shared equally and the Company was solely responsible for up to the next $30.0 million.


      In 2009 and thereafter, all development expenses will be shared equally. Neither party was reimbursed for any development expenses that it incurred prior to 2007. The Company is also obligated to use commercially reasonable efforts to supply clinical and commercial product requirements.

      Bayer HealthCare has the right to terminate the Bayer Agreement without cause with at least six months or twelve months advance notice depending on defined circumstances at the time of termination. In the event of termination of the agreement for any reason, the Company retains all rights to VEGF Trap-Eye.

      For the period from the collaboration’s inception in October 2006 through September 30, 2007, all up-front licensing, milestone, and cost-sharing payments received or receivable from Bayer HealthCare had been fully deferred and included in deferred revenue for financial statement purposes. In the fourth quarter of 2007, Regeneron and Bayer HealthCare approved a global development plan for VEGF Trap-Eye in wet AMD. The plan included estimated development steps, timelines, and costs, as well as the projected responsibilities of and costs to be incurred by each of the companies. In addition, in the fourth quarter of 2007, Regeneron and Bayer HealthCare reaffirmed the companies’ commitment to a DME development program and had initial estimates of development costs for VEGF Trap-Eye in DME. As a result, effective in the fourth quarter of 2007, the Company determined the appropriate accounting policy for payments from Bayer HealthCare and cost-sharing of the Company’s and Bayer HealthCare’s VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses. The $75.0 million up-front licensing payment and $20.0 million milestone payment (which was not considered substantive) from Bayer HealthCare are being recognized as contract research and development revenue over the related estimated performance period in accordance with SAB 104 and EITF 00-21 (see Note 2). In periods when the Company recognizes VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses that the Company incurs under the collaboration, the Company also recognizes, as contract research and development revenue, the portion of those VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses that is reimbursable from Bayer HealthCare. In periods when Bayer HealthCare incurs agreed upon VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses that benefit the collaboration and Regeneron,

F-24


      REGENERON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006
(Unless otherwise noted, dollars in thousands, except per share data)

the Company also recognizes, as additional research and development expense, the portion of Bayer HealthCare’s VEGF Trap-Eye development expenses that the Company is obligated to reimburse. In the fourth quarter of 2007, the Company commenced recognizing previously deferred payments from Bayer HealthCare and cost-sharing of the Company’s and Bayer HealthCare’s 2007 VEGF Trap-