Positive Phase 3 Trial of DUPIXENT® (dupilumab) in Adolescents with Inadequately Controlled Moderate-to-severe Atopic Dermatitis
"Moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis can place a particularly significant burden on adolescents, who have to deal with oozing skin lesions with unrelenting, intense itching during their formative years," said
Patients treated with DUPIXENT had significant improvement in disease severity at 16 weeks
The primary endpoints were the proportion of patients achieving Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) score of 0 (clear) or 1 (almost clear) and 75% improvement in Eczema Area and Severity Index (
- 24% of patients who received weight-based dosing of DUPIXENT every two weeks (200 mg or 300 mg) and 18% of patients who received a fixed dose of DUPIXENT every four weeks (300 mg) achieved the primary endpoint - clear or almost clear skin (IGA; score of 0 or 1) - compared with 2% with placebo (p less than 0.0001, and p=0.0007, respectively).
- 41.5% of patients who received DUPIXENT every two weeks and 38% of patients who received DUPIXENT every four weeks achieved 75% or greater skin improvement (
EASI-75) compared to 8% with placebo (p less than 0.0001).
- There was a 66% improvement in the DUPIXENT every two weeks group and 65% improvement in the DUPIXENT every four weeks group in average percent change from baseline in
EASIscore compared with a 24% improvement in the placebo group (p less than 0.0001).
- There was a 48% improvement in the DUPIXENT every two weeks group and 45.5% improvement in the DUPIXENT every four weeks group in average percent change from baseline in the pruritus numerical rating scale (NRS) compared with a 19% improvement in the placebo group (p less than 0.0001).
"Current treatment options for these adolescent patients such as topical steroids, oral steroids, and non-steroidal immunosuppressants can have significant side effects," said
DUPIXENT safety profile was consistent with that seen in adults
For the 16-week treatment period, the overall rate of adverse events was comparable between the DUPIXENT groups and placebo (72% for DUPIXENT every two weeks, 64% for DUPIXENT every four weeks and 69% for placebo). There were no serious adverse events or events leading to treatment discontinuation in either DUPIXENT treatment group. Adverse events that were observed at a higher rate with DUPIXENT included injection site reactions (8.5% for DUPIXENT every two weeks, 6% for DUPIXENT every four weeks compared with 3.5% for placebo) and conjunctivitis (10% for DUPIXENT every two weeks, 11% for DUPIXENT every four weeks compared with 5% for placebo). Skin infections were numerically lower in the DUPIXENT groups (11% for DUPIXENT every two weeks, 13% for DUPIXENT every four weeks compared with 20% for placebo).
Detailed results from this trial will be presented at a future medical meeting. These data will be submitted to regulatory authorities later this year. In 2016, the
The safety and efficacy of DUPIXENT in the adolescent atopic dermatitis population have not been fully evaluated by any regulatory authority.
About the DUPIXENT Trial in Adolescent Patients
The pivotal, Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of DUPIXENT monotherapy in adolescent patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis. The trial enrolled 251 patients who were 12 years to 17 years of age with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis whose disease could not be adequately controlled with topical medications or for whom topical treatment was medically inadvisable. In total, 92% of these patients suffered from at least one concurrent allergic condition such as allergic rhinitis, asthma or food allergy.
The primary endpoint of this trial was the proportion of patients with an IGA score of 0 or 1 at Week 16. The IGA is a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (clear) to 4 (severe) that measures overall severity of skin lesions. A co-primary endpoint outside of the
Patients were randomized into one of three treatment groups for the controlled period of 16 weeks: the first group was treated with DUPIXENT subcutaneous injection 200 mg or 300 mg every two weeks, based on weight (with an initial dose of 400 mg or 600 mg respectively). The second group was treated with 300 mg DUPIXENT every four weeks (with an initial dose of 600 mg), and the third group was treated with placebo every two weeks.
About Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis, a form of eczema, is a chronic inflammatory disease with symptoms often appearing as a rash on the skin.1,2,3,4 Moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis is characterized by rashes often covering much of the body, and can include intense, persistent itching and skin dryness, cracking, redness, crusting, and oozing.5 Itch is one of the most burdensome symptoms for patients and can be debilitating.6 In addition, patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis experience a substantial burden of disease, including painful skin lesions and intense pruritus.6
Dupilumab Development Program
Regeneron and Sanofi are studying dupilumab in a broad range of clinical development programs for diseases driven by Type 2 inflammation, including asthma (Phase 3), pediatric atopic dermatitis (Phase 3, ages 6 months - 11 years), nasal polyps (Phase 3), and eosinophilic esophagitis (Phase 2). Future trials are planned for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, grass allergy and food allergy (including peanut). These potential uses are investigational and the safety and efficacy have not been evaluated by any regulatory authority. Dupilumab was discovered using Regeneron's proprietary VelocImmune® technology that yields optimized fully-human antibodies, and is being jointly developed by Regeneron and Sanofi under a global collaboration agreement.
For more information on dupilumab clinical trials please visit www.clinicaltrials.gov.
About DUPIXENT® (dupilumab)
DUPIXENT is currently approved in the
In addition, the potential use of DUPIXENT for the treatment of certain adults and adolescents with inadequately controlled moderate-to-severe asthma is currently under regulatory review in the
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION AND INDICATION
Do not use if you are allergic to dupilumab or to any of the ingredients in DUPIXENT®.
Before using DUPIXENT, tell your healthcare provider about all your medical conditions, including if you:
- have eye problems
- have a parasitic (helminth) infection
- have asthma
- are scheduled to receive any vaccinations. You should not receive a "live vaccine" if you are treated with DUPIXENT.
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known whether DUPIXENT will harm your unborn baby.
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known whether DUPIXENT passes into your breast milk.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements. If you have asthma and are taking asthma medicines, do not change or stop your asthma medicine without talking to your healthcare provider.
DUPIXENT can cause serious side effects, including:
- Allergic reactions. Stop using DUPIXENT and go to the nearest hospital emergency room if you get any of the following symptoms: fever, general ill feeling, swollen lymph nodes, hives, itching, joint pain, or skin rash.
- Eye problems. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any new or worsening eye problems, including eye pain or changes in vision.
The most common side effects include injection site reactions, eye and eyelid inflammation, including redness, swelling and itching, and cold sores in your mouth or on your lips.
Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. These are not all the possible side effects of DUPIXENT. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-
Use DUPIXENT exactly as prescribed. If your healthcare provider decides that you or a caregiver can give DUPIXENT injections, you or your caregiver should receive training on the right way to prepare and inject DUPIXENT. Do not try to inject DUPIXENT until you have been shown the right way by your healthcare provider.
DUPIXENT is used to treat adult patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (eczema) that is not well controlled with prescription therapies used on the skin (topical), or who cannot use topical therapies. DUPIXENT can be used with or without topical corticosteroids. It is not known if DUPIXENT is safe and effective in children. DUPIXENT is administered by subcutaneous injection at different injection sites every two weeks after an initial loading dose. DUPIXENT is intended for use under the guidance of a healthcare provider. A patient may self-inject DUPIXENT after training in subcutaneous injection technique using the pre-filled syringe.
Regeneron (NASDAQ: REGN) is a leading biotechnology company that invents life-transforming medicines for people with serious diseases. Founded and led for 30 years by physician-scientists, our unique ability to repeatedly and consistently translate science into medicine has led to six
Regeneron is accelerating and improving the traditional drug development process through our proprietary VelociSuite® technologies, such as VelocImmune® which produces optimized fully-human antibodies, and ambitious research initiatives such as the Regeneron Genetics Center, which is conducting one of the largest genetics sequencing efforts in the world.
For additional information about the company, please visit www.regeneron.com or follow @Regeneron on Twitter.
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1Eichenfield et al. Guidelines of Care for Atopic Dermatitis. AAD 2014, pp. 118.
2 Guideline to treatment,
3 Gelmetti and Wolleberg, BJD 2014, Atopic dermatitis- all you can do from the outside. Page 19.
6 Zuberbier T et al. Patient perspectives on the management of atopic dermatitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol vol. 118, pp. 226-232, 2006.
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